12 September 2017 Current Affairs : FSSAI ‘FoSCoRIS’, CARB-X, EU withdrawal Bill, Prakash Padukone

///12 September 2017 Current Affairs : FSSAI ‘FoSCoRIS’, CARB-X, EU withdrawal Bill, Prakash Padukone

This Daily Current Affair Capsule is a brief collection of important news from national dailies and government releases on PIB useful for UPSC IAS, CDS, SSC CGL, NDA, etc.)

 

National Important Current Affairs – 12 September 2017

■ The Supreme Court has asked the Chief Justice of Allahabad High Court to nominate two judicial officers (rank of Additional District Judges or Special Judges) as observers for the disputed Ram Janmabhoomi- Babri Masjid site in Ayodhya. This comes after the existing observers could not serve due to retirement and promotion respectively.

 

■ The Chief Justice of India Dipak Misra has written to the chief justices of all high courts asking them to set up special benches on Saturdays for hearing criminal appeals in which legal aid has been provided.

The CJI’s letter highlights the issue of increasing pendency of cases, specially criminal appeals, due to delay in disposal. In his letter Justice Misra acknowledged that one of the methods to ensure speedy disposal of such appeals was to identify and dispose of such appeals in which legal aid has been provided at the state expense.

 

■ The Prime Minister, Narendra Modi, addressed a Students’ Convention on the occasion of 125th Year of Swami Vivekananda’s Chicago Address World Parliament of Religions, and Pandit Deendayal Upadhyay Centenary Celebrations, at Vigyan Bhawan in New Delhi.

He said that 125 years ago, on the same day that has recently come to be known as 9/11, with just a few words, a youngster from India won over the world and showed the world the power of oneness.Swami Vivekananda raised his voice against the social evils that have entered our society. He recalled that Swami Vivekananda said that only rituals will not connect an individual to divinity; he said that ‘Jan Seva’ is ‘Prabhu Seva.’

The 9/11 of 1893 was about love, harmony and brotherhood but the world has forgotten it and remember this date as 9/11 terror attack in the US.  He also said, student organizations, while campaigning for university elections should give more importance to cleanliness.

 

■ The Food Safety and Standards Authority of India, FSSAI, has launched a nationwide online platform to bring in transparency in food safety inspection and sampling. The food regulator has also asked them to adopt this system as it would help eliminate discrepancy and make food safety officers accountable.

The web-based ‘FoSCoRIS’ system will bring together all key stakeholders food businesses, food safety officers , designated officers, state food safety commissioners on a nation-wide IT platform and data related to inspection, sampling and test result data will be shared seamlessly by all the officials. This system will ease out the process of sample collection, making it transparent and traceable and compliance freindly.

 

■  Housing and Urban Affairs Ministry has announced a Smart Cities Awards Contest with a total prize money of Rs 50 lakh to recognise and reward cities and innovative ideas that promote mission’s goals. Best performers in categories like improving governance, culture and economy, transportation, among others will be awarded Rs 5 lakh each and a scroll on June 25 next year.

 

■ In a boost to Indian Armed Forces, Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) has successfully tested Nag, the 3rd generation Anti Tank Guided Missile (ATGM).

DRDO has been trying to ramp up country’ military capability in sync changing security dynamics in the region. With the complete functionality of Nag ATGM along with launcher system NAMICA having been established, it marks the successful completion of development trials of Nag Missile.

  • It is third-generation Fire and Forget ATGM, equipped with many advanced technologies including IR Seeker with integrated avionics, a capability possessed by few nations in the world.
  • The missile is developed to support both mechanised infantry and airborne forces of the Indian Army.
  • Nag missile incorporates an advanced passive homing guidance system and possesses high single-shot kill probability.

 

■ The Maharashtra government has announced plans to launch 112 as a single integrated helpline number for police, fire brigade, and ambulance services. The government will procure 1,000 new patrolling vans, equipped with Global Positioning System and vehicle tracking system, to reach out to complainants within minutes.
There will be a caller identification system also incorporated to reduce fake calls.

 

International Current Affairs Capsule – 12 September 2017

Afghanistan Foreign Minister Salahuddin Rabbani is on a visit to India. The visit comes weeks after US President Donald Trump announced a new policy on Afghanistan and sought sought more help from India in Afghanistan. Foreign Minister Rabbani is in India for the 2nd meeting of the India-Afghanistan Strategic Partnership Council that he co-chairs with External Affairs Minister of India, Sushma Swaraj.

 

■ The United States has commemorated the 16th anniversary of the 9/11 terror attacks. These attacks killed nearly 3,000 people when 19 al-Qaeda militants hijacked 4 airplanes and attacked the twin towers of the World Trade Center and the Pentagon by crashing the planes.

 

■  China will ban Diesel and Petrol cars and is working on a timetable to end their production and sales. The move is aimed to reduce pollution and oil imports by switching to electric vehicles.
Note that: France and the UK have already announced plans to ban diesel and petrol cars by year 2040.

 

China and Russia have joined a unanimous UN vote to impose new sanctions on North Korea after its sixth and largest nuclear test. The council voted 15-0 to back the US-drafted sanctions resolution banning exports of coal, lead and seafood. North Korea has claimed to have developed a hydrogen bomb and has continuously threatened to strike the US and its territory of Guam.

North Korea is already under UN sanctions to force the leadership to curtail its weapons programmes. US President Donald Trump had also previously warned that the US could cut off trade with countries that did business with North Korea.

 

■ The United Kingdom Government’s bid to extract the UK from EU law in time for Brexit has passed its first Parliamentary test. The EU Withdrawal Bill was backed by MPs by 326 to 290 in a vote despite critics saying it represented a power-grab by the government.

This bill will end the supremacy of EU law in the UK, now moves onto its next Parliamentary stage. Ministers sought to reassure MPs by considering calls for safeguards over their use of new powers.

  • Previously referred to as the Great Repeal Bill, the EU Withdrawal Bill overturns the 1972 European Communities Act which took the UK into the then European Economic Community.
  • It will also convert all existing EU laws into UK law, to ensure there are no gaps in legislation on Brexit day.

Critics’ concerns in the UK have centered on ministers giving themselves the power to make changes to laws during this process without consulting MPs.

 

Economics Today’s Current Affair Capsule – 12 September 2017

■ A Bengaluru firm has become India’s first to receive the international CARB-X grant to develop antibiotics to treat hospital-acquired infections.

CARB-X, or Combating Antibiotic Resistant Bacteria Biopharmaceutical Accelerator, is a public-private international partnership, which was set up in 2016 – to focus on innovations to improve diagnosis and treatment of drug-resistant infections.

It grew out of President Barack Obama’s 2015 Combating Antibiotic Resistant Bacteria (CARB) initiative. 

CARB-X will provide grants up to $ 455 million (over Rs 2,900 crore) over a five-year period to firms across the globe for antibiotics R&D.

All CARB-X funding so far is focused on projects to address the most resistant “Gram-negative” bacteria.

 

Note that:  Antibiotic resistance has become a global crisis that threatens the management of infections, both in the community and in hospital practice.

The major reasons are the indiscriminate use of antibiotics, including against viral infections, especially in countries like India where they are commonly available over the counter; their prolonged use in patients admitted to hospitals; and their abuse in animal husbandry as growth promoters.

Read more about Antibiotic Resistance Phenomenon here

 

■  To monitor high value transactions and detect tax evaders, the Union Finance Ministry is going to launch ‘Project Insight’ from October 2017. It will be using technology with a view to curbing circulation of black money.

To implement the project, the Indian government has signed contract with Information Technology major, L & T Infotect Ltd.
The project will add to list of earlier efforts made by government to curb black money like Operation Clean Money’ after demonetisation, Income Disclosure Scheme, GST implementation, amendment DTAA with other countries etc.

 

■  The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) has announced that it is using a sophisticated Currency Verification and Processing Systems (CVPS) for checking numerical accuracy and genuineness of the currency notes, including the demonetised notes.

 

■ The Union Ministry of Commerce and Industries has set up an online service facility titled Contact@DGFT, for effective resolution of foreign trade-related issues of importers and exporters.

 

■ The Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI)‘s mutual fund advisory panel has recommended strict definitions for mutual fund schemes, which may result in reduction of mutual funds to half.  SEBI aims to ensure that an asset management company has only one product offering in each category. 

 

Sports Current Affairs – 12 September 2017

■ World number one Rafael Nadal has clinched his 3rd US Open title, taking his tally of Grand Slam titles to 16 by defeating first-time Grand Slam finalist Kevin Anderson.

Switzerland’s Martina Hingis won her 2nd US Open title in two days — after claiming the women’s doubles title alongside Taiwan’s Chan Yung-Jan, a day after winning the mixed doubles title alongside Britain’s Jamie Murray.

The final list of US Open 2017 Winners is :

  • Men’s Singles : Rafael Nadal (Spain)
  • Women’s Singles : Sloane Stephens (United States)
  • Men’s Doubles : Jean-Julien Rojer (Netherlands) / Horia Tecău (Romania)
  • Women’s Doubles : Taipei Chan Yung-jan (Chinese) / Martina Hingis (Switzerland)
  • Mixed Doubles : Martina Hingis (Switzerland) / Jamie Murray (United Kingdom)

 

■ The 2017 edition of the World Senior Badminton Championships started at the Rajeev Gandhi Indoor Stadium, Kadavanthra, in Kochi.  The tournament will see a total of 665 players from 40 countries battle it out in eight different age groups.

 

■ Renowned Indian Badminton legend Prakash Padukone has been selected for the first life time award by Badminton Association of India. Prakash Padukone has been selected for the award for his contributions to Badminton. The award carries cash prize of 10 lakh rupees with a citation.

Note that: Padukone had won the 1980 All England, besides bagging a bronze at the 1983 World Championship in Copenhagen. He also won a gold medal at the 1978 Commonwealth Games. He was bestowed with the Arjuna award in 1972 and the Padma Shri in 1982.

 

“Current Affairs Questions for UPSC IAS Prelims”

Q1. What wass the theme of 2017 International Literacy Day (ILD)?

  • A) Literacy for the 21st Century
  • B) Reading the past, writing the future
  • C) Literacy in a Digital World
  • D) Literacy and sustainable development

 

Q2. India’s first Hyperloop project will come up in which state?

  • A) Karnataka
  • B) Andhra Pradesh
  • C) Tamil Nadu
  • D) Rajasthan

 

Answer these questions in the comments below. We encourage you to discuss your thoughts on the news and issues mentioned in today’s current affairs post. The idea is to promote healthy discussions on interesting issues to make preparation fun. Have a good day!

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2017-09-12T10:13:04+00:00