This Daily Current Affair Capsule is a brief collection of important news from national dailies and government releases on PIB useful for UPSC IAS, CDS, SSC CGL, NDA, etc. It covers national, international, economic, sports news.
National Important Current Affairs – 22 & 23 April 2017
■ The National Council of Educational Research and Training (NCERT) will undertake a comprehensive review of all its school textbooks, after more than 10 years after the National Curriculum Framework (NCF) was drafted. The Council’s Department of Curriculum Studies, headed by Prof Ranjana Arora, will conduct the exercise, which is expected to take up to a year.
- Meanwhile, the NCERT has released supplementary reading material based on Principles of Universal Design for Learning (or UDL) to encourage inclusivity in classrooms.
- Using UDL, classroom material can be customised to suit students with different learning needs.
■ The Centre for Development of Telematics (C-DoT) has developed a ‘public data office’ (PDO) technology solution to deliver low-cost Wi-Fi solutions. The mass PDO solution is priced at Rs 50,000.
- The concept of PDO will enable vendors to sell low-cost Wi-Fi-based broadband services anywhere, much like phone booths in past.
- The vendor will get a tech solution pack including both software and hardware elements. It will include a Wi-Fi access point with e-KYC, one-time password authentication and a mechanism to manage service vouchers. A billing system will also accompany the package.
- The service will be available over a license-free ISM (industrial, scientific and medical) band.
Note that : The Centre for Development of Telematics (C-DOT) is an Indian Government owned telecommunications technology development centre. It was established in 1984 with initial mandate of designing and developing digital exchanges.
■ As part of the innovative initiatives under the “White Revolution” umbrella Schemes, the Department of Animal Husbandry, Dairying and Fisheries has supported the National Dairy Development Board(NDDB) developed initiative of “Quality Mark” Award Scheme for dairy Cooperatives.
- It is meant to promote and encourage enhancement of safety, quality and hygiene of milk and milk products manufactured by dairy cooperatives.
- It is aimed at bringing about process improvement in the entire value chain from producer to the consumer to ensure availability of safe and quality of milk and products both for the domestic and foreign market.
■ The Mahatma Gandhi NREGS has accomplished geotagging of one Crore assets and putting them in public domain. The geotagging exercise had started from 1st September, 2016. It is expected that the exercise will lead to greater transparency and ensure accountability at field level.
- The scale of rural assets created under MGNREGA is very large. On an average, about 30 Lakh Assets are created annually which includes a variety of works such as water harvesting structures, plantations, rural infrastructure, flood control measures, individual assets for sustainable livelihood, community infrastructure, etc.
What is geotagging?
Geotagging is the process of adding geographical information to various media in the form of metadata. The data usually consists of coordinates like latitude and longitude, but may even include bearing, altitude, distance and place names.
GeoMGNREGA is a unique endeavor of the Ministry of Rural Development in association with National Remote Sensing Centre (NRSC), ISRO and National Informatics Centre. For this the strength of Space technology has been leveraged.
■ Indian Navy has successfully test fired BrahMos Land Attack Supersonic Cruise Missile from a ship. It is a variant of Long Range BrahMos Missile and was fired from Indian Naval Ship Teg, a Guided Missile Frigate, on a target on land.
- BrahMos Missile has been jointly developed by India and Russia, and its Anti Ship variant has already been inducted into Indian Navy.
- The missile has a range of 400km.
International Current Affairs Capsule – 22 & 23 April 2017
■ An inter-ministerial Indian delegation headed by the Secretary, Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change, Ajay Narayan Jha, has left to participate in the 2017 Conference of Parties (COPs) to the Basel, Rotterdam, Stockholm (BRS) Conventions.
- The theme of the meetings and the high-level segment will be – “A future detoxified: sound management of chemicals and waste“.
- Meetings of the COPs of BRS Conventions are generally held every alternate year.
■ The UNFCCC, is seeking alternative sources of funding, in the face of likely budget cuts by the United States. Since the U.S. government’s budget proposal which aimed at slashing funds for the Global Climate Change Initiative could lead to a reduction of 20% of funding towards the UNFCCC’s operational costs.
- Note that : The Paris Agreement resolves to hold global temperature rise to “well below 2 degrees Celsius” above pre-industrial levels and to pursue efforts towards a 1.5 degrees C temperature limit.
- This ambitious goal is complemented by a binding obligation to submit mitigation contributions every five years and to pursue domestic measures to achieve them.
- For every five-year cycle, states must put forward contributions more ambitious than their last.
Economics Today’s Current Affair Capsule – 22 & 23 April 2017
■ The GMR Hyderabad International Airport Limited has received the Carbon Neutrality (Level 3+) Certificate from the Airports Council International (ACI). This certification comes under ACI’s Airport Car Accreditation Programme that is the industry standard for assessment of an airport’s efforts to manage and reduce carbon emissions.
About the Airports Council International (ACI) : It is the only global trade representative of the world’s airport authorities. Established in 1991, ACI represents airports’ interests with governments and international organizations, develops standards, policies and recommended practices for airports. It provides information and training opportunities to raise the standards around the world.
■ Government of India, in consultation with the Reserve Bank of India, will issue Sovereign Gold Bonds 2017-18 – Series I, through banks, Stock Holding Corporation of India Limited (SHCIL), designated post offices and recognised stock exchanges viz., National Stock Exchange of India Limited and Bombay Stock Exchange.
- The tenor of the Bond is of 8 years with exit option from 5th year.
- The minimum size investment will be 1 gram of gold.
- The maximum amount subscribed by an entity will not be more than 500 grams per person per fiscal year (April-March).
- Eligibility: Resident Indian entities including individuals, HUFs, Trusts, Universities and Charitable Institutions.
- The investors will be compensated at a fixed rate of 2.50% per annum payable semi-annually on the nominal value.
- These Bonds will be tradable on stock exchanges within a fortnight of the issuance on a date as notified by the RBI.
■ The Government is planning to impose anti-dumping duty of up to $118 per tonne on import of hydrogen peroxide used by industries in applications such as corrosion control and paper bleaching from six countries. It is aimed at guarding domestic players from cheap imports of ‘hydrogen peroxide’ from Bangladesh, Taiwan, Korea, Indonesia, Pakistan and Thailand.
|About Hydrogen peroxide :
It is a colourless liquid, the simplest peroxide. It is used as an oxidizer, bleaching agent and disinfectant.
It is also used as ripening agent. Hydrogen peroxide is found in biological systems including the human body.
Note that: Enzymes that use or decompose hydrogen peroxide are classified as peroxidases.
“Current Affairs Questions for UPSC IAS Prelims”
Q1. Which city hosted the first-ever India Indonesia Energy Forum (IIEF)?
- A) New Delhi
- B) Yogyakarta
- C) Surabaya
- D) Jakarta
Q2. What is the theme of the 2017 International Mother Earth Day (IMED)?
- A) Trees for the Earth
- B) Environmental and Climate Literacy
- C) Earth and its ecosystems
- D) Unite for tomorrow.
O3. Which city has been designated UNESCO World Book Capital 2018?
- A) Athens
- B) Ljubljana
- C) Astana
- D) Alexandria
Answer these questions in the comments below. Have a Good Day!
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