Distinct words used in a sentence perform different functions. In English Grammar, Words are divided into eight different classes according to their use. Under this classification of words according to the work they do in a sentence, they are called Parts of Speech. There are total eight parts of speech in English Grammar.

parts of speech

Part of Speech: The Noun

A noun is a word used for the name of a person, or thing, quality, state or an action. For example;

Ashoka was a great king.

Here the noun is ‘Ashoka’ which refers to a particular king, hence, it is known as proper noun. While ‘king’ is also known as noun referring to any king in general , hence called as common noun.

Other types of nouns are – Collective, Abstract, Countable, Uncountable noun.

Other examples,

  • Jaipur is known as pink city.
  • The sun shines bright.

Parts of Speech: Adjective

An adjective is a word that is used to add something to the meaning of a noun. it adds quality to a noun, or a pronoun. For instance;

  • She is a brave girl
  • The dog is lazy.
  • Kabir gave me five apples.
  • Some cats like cold water.
  • This car is faster than others.
  • Which way shall we go?

There are different types of adjectives.

  • Descriptive adjectives
  • Numerical adjectives
  • Quantitative adjectives
  • Demonstrative adjectives
  • Interrogative adjectives
  • Emphasizing adjectives
  • Exclamatory adjectives

Part of Speech: Pronoun

A pronoun is a word used instead of a noun or phrase in order to avoid its repetition. For instance,

  • The oranges is where you left them.
  • I then hurt myself.
  • These shirts are mine.
  • The climate of Delhi is like that of Jaipur.
  • Do good to others.
  • Any fool can do that.
  • They respected one another.
  • What is it all about?
  • I asked who was farting?

Parts of Speech: The Verb

A verb is a word that is used to express a state or an action. Hence, it is also considered a doing word. For instance;

  • Delhi is a big city.
  • Gold and silver are useful metals.
  • He spoke the truth.
  • He enjoys good health.
  • He burnt with shame.

Parts of Speech: An Adverb

A pronoun is a word that adds something to the meaning of a verb, adjective, or even another adverb and other parts of speech, except nouns and pronoun. For instance;

  • She worked the problem quickly.
  • A dark little boy sat under a bridge.
  • Govinda reads quite clearly.
  • She was agreeable disappointed.

Part of Speech: Preposition

A preposition is word that is placed before a noun or a pronoun to show its relationship to some other words in a sentence. For instance;

  • The boy is fond of music.
  • There is a fox in the jungle.
  • What are you looking at?
  • The cat jumped off the chair.

Part of Speech: Conjunction

A conjunction is used to join words, clauses or sentences. For instance;

  • Billa and Ranga are cousins.
  • Shila is fat but she is beautiful.
  • Balu looks as if he was waery.
  • Take this and give that.
  • I read the magzine because it interests me.

Parts of Speech: Interjection

An interjection is a word that shows a sudden feeling or sentiment or emotion. For instance;

  • Alas! She is wounded.
  • Hurrah! We have won the prestigious match.
  • Well done! I am proud of you.

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