“Work is no disgrace; the disgrace is idleness.”
― Greek Proverb.
The following post covers important news from national dailies and government releases for PSC exam aspirants like UPSC IAS, SSC CGL, etc. It aims to be useful for both – revision and awareness purposes.
National Important Current Affairs – 1 May 2019
- Defence Minister Nirmala Sitharaman attended the Shanghai Co-operation Organization (SCO) Defence Minister’s conclave at Bishkek in Kyrgyzstan. India has been focusing on deepening its security-related cooperation with the SCO and its Regional Anti-Terrorism Structure that specifically deals with issues relating to security and defence.
Note that: India became a member of the SCO in 2017.
About Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO): It is an international alliance that consists of 8 member states and 3 observers from Eurasia The SCO member states are China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyz Republic, Russia, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan, India and Pakistan.
- The Indian Army is in the process of procuring Spike-LR Anti-Tank Missiles Israel and Igla-S Very Short Range Air from Defence Systems (VSHORAD) from Russia using the new financial powers for emergency procurements sanctioned by the Defence Ministry after Pulwama attack. Under the latest emergency financial powers, armed forces have been given a free hand to procure equipment worth up to Rs 300 crore on a priority basis.
Note that: The deal for VSHORAD, to replace the legacy Igla systems in service, has begun in 2010. Spike is a fire-and-forget missile with lock-on before launch and automatic self-guidance.
- Ministry of Defence is expecting to raise a Defence Cyber Agency (DCA) by May to tackle non-civilian cyber issues arise from China and pakistan, including safeguarding critical infrastructure.
Note that: Mohit Gupta, Senior Navy officer will be the first head of this agency, headquartered in New Delhi.
- Nearly 1,700 years after a life-size stucco Bodhisattva has been created by craftsmen at Phanigiri during the peak of the Ikshvaku dynasty rule. The 1.74 metre rare stucco statue was put on public show in Hyderabad.
Note that: The unearthing of a large number of artefacts and structures at Telangana’s Phanigiri site has thrown light on the Buddhist civilization that has thrived at that place.
- The Union Environment Ministry has constituted a committee chaired by the Secretary and Union Environment Ministry in order to implement the National Clean Air Programme. NCAP unveiled in January is a scheme to provide the United States and the Centre with a framework to combat air pollution. NCAP aims to reduce particulate matter pollution by 20% – 30% in at least 102 cities by 2024.
Note that: The World Health Organization’s database on air pollution over the years has listed Tier I and Tier II Indian cities as some of the most polluted places in the world. According to the statistical data of 2018, 14 out of the world’s 15 most polluted cities were in India.
International Current Affairs Capsule – 1 May 2019
- May 1 is is being celebrated as International Workers Day, a day of celebration of the working class. The first celebration of Labour Day in India was in Madras in 1923. The theme of Labour Day 2019 is “Uniting Workers for Social and Economic Advancement”.
Note that: Labour Day or May Day has its origins in the 19th century labour union movement in the United States where the industrialists used to exploit the labour class and made them work up to 15 hours a day. The workers protested and demanded paid leaves, proper wages and breaks for the workforce. This resulted in the eight-hour day labour movement which advocated eight hours for work, eight hours for recreation, and eight hours for rest.
- Sri Lankan President has decided to ban the National Thawheed Jamath and Jamathei Milathu Ibrahim (JMI), two of the fundamentalist terror networks linked with the recent attacks. The organizations have been banned under emergency provisions. According to a press statement all activities of those organizations as well as their property will be seized by the government.
Note that: NJT has been named behind suicide attacks in Sri Lanka on the Easter Sunday.
- The European Union has extended a ban on selling arms to Myanmar and prolonged sanctions against high-ranking officials till 30th April 2020, over their role in the Rohingya crisis. According to the European Union, the sanctions include an embargo on arms and equipment that can be used for internal repression, an export ban on dual-use goods for use by the military and border guard police, and export restrictions on equipment for monitoring communications that might be used for internal repression.
Note that: The Rohingya are described by the United Nation as the world’s most persecuted people who have faced heightened fears of attack since dozens were killed in communal violence in 2012.
- Indian Navy’s 2 warships, INS Kolkata and INS Shakti had gone to Qingdao in China to participate in the International Fleet Review, which is an international maritime parade organized off the coast of China. It is celebrated to commemorate the 70th anniversary of the founding of the Chinese Navy. The ships will participate in the ADMM-Plus Maritime Security Field Training Exercise at Busan.
Note that: The ADMM-Plus is a platform for ASEAN, the 10 member bloc and it’s eight dialogue partners, namely, Australia, China, India, Japan, New Zealand, South Korea, Russian Federation and the United States.
Economics Today’s Current Affair Capsule – 1 May 2019
- Noida-based e-commerce payment system and digital wallet company, Paytm launched a new option of recurring payments for its merchants to enable recurring payments. Recently it also started its own subscription business at an annual fee of Rs 750 where consumers pay at regular intervals.
Note that: Consumers can opt for recurring payments from Paytm wallet, also from their bank accounts, debit cards, credit cards, net banking and more.
Sports Current Affairs – 1 May 2019
- Raheem Sterling has been entitled the 2019 footballer of the year by the Football Writers’ Association. The Manchester City and England forward topped the poll of the 400-strong FWA membership as a clear winner, with 62 percent of the votes.
Note that: First winner of the award was Stanley Matthews and Thierry Henry, who won it three times. Founder of Football Writer’s Association is Charlie Buchan. It was founded in 1947.
- For the 2nd consecutive Shooting World Cup and third time in two years, India has topped the medal tally. Anjum Moudgil and Divyansh Singh Panwar won India’s first gold medal in 10-meter Air Rifle mixed event at ISSF World Cup in Beijing.
“Current Affairs Questions for UPSC IAS Prelims – 1 May 2019 “
Q1. Ministry of Defence has awarded Garden Reach Shipbuilders & Engineers Limited (GRSE) contract to build how many Anti-Submarine Warfare Shallow Water Crafts (ASWSWCs)?
• A) Five
• B) Eight
• C) Twelve
• D) Fifteen
Q2. Table Tennis Federation of India (TTFI) has decided to bid for ________ of the biennial World Team Championships.
• A) 2022 Edition
• B) 2024 Edition
• C) 2028 Edition
• D) 2032 Edition
Q3. Which among the following countries completely banned all face veils including the burqa?
• A) India
• B) Sri Lanka
• C) Germany
• D) China
Q4. The government has recently increased the import duty on wheat to _____ in a bid to boost offtake of domestically produced grain.
• A) 25%
• B) 32%
• C) 40%
• D) 45%
Q5. A technical seminar was organized on “Use of Technical Textiles in Water Resources Works” in ________.
• A) New Delhi
• B) Noida
• C) Pune
• D) Haridwar
Answer these questions in the comments below. We encourage you to discuss your thoughts on the news and issues mentioned in today’s current affairs post. Have a good day!