This post covers relevant news from national dailies and government releases for aspirants of examinations like UPSC IAS, CDS, SSC CGL, NDA, etc. It is highly useful for both, revision and awareness purposes.
National Important Current Affairs – 10 September 2018
■ For the first time in India, an irrigation project has been awarded the heritage status by the International Commission on Irrigation and Drainage (ICID). Telangana’s Sadarmatt anicut across river Godavari in Nirmal district and Pedda Cheruvu in Kamareddy district have been included in the ICID Register of Heritage Irrigation Structures (HIS).
- About Sadarmatt anicut: The anicut was built by Nawab Ikbal-ud-Dowla in 1891-92 about 50 km downstream of the Sri Ram Sagar Project (SRSP). Ottley was the engineer and Khanapur was a jagir of the Nawabs during the rule of the Nizam of Hyderabad. Sadarmatt bund is 437.4 m long on its left flank and 23.8 m on its right flank. This irrigation facility has provided water for paddy crops in its designed ayacut of 13,100 acres since its construction in 1891-92.
- About Pedda Cheruvu: The Pedda Cheruvu (meaning big tank in Telugu) was built in 1897 during the rule of Mir Mahaboob Ali Khan, the sixth Nizam of Hyderabad State. It’s catchment area is spread over 68.97 sq. km. It has a 1.8-km-long tank bund and 145-metre weir and three sluices. With a capacity of 0.175 tmcft it provides water for irrigation to over 900 acres in Kamareddy, Sarampally, Narsampally and old Rajampet.
About International Commission on Irrigation and Drainage (ICID): The ICID is a Technical and Voluntary Not-for-profit, International NGO, dedicated to enhance the world-wide supply of food and fibre for all people by improving water and land management, and the productivity of irrigated and drained lands. It is headquartered in New Delhi.
ICID has been involved in the global discussions leading to Agenda 21, World Water Vision, World Water Forums etc., which have become the focal point of several of its technical activities.
■ Rajasthan Chief Minister Vasundhara Raje has announced a four-percent reduction in value-added tax (VAT) on petrol and diesel, which will reduce their prices by 2 rupees 50 paise per litre in the State. The VAT on petrol will be reduced from 30 to 26 % and on diesel from 22 to 18 %. The decision will cost the exchequer Rs 2,000 crore.
■ Assam has been conferred the Best State Award in the category of completion of PMAY-G houses amongst the Group I states consisting of North East and Himalayan states. The Panchayat and Rural Development Department, Assam has received seven Awards from the Centre for implementation of Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana (PMAY)-Grameen in the state.
■ Noted Odia poet Satrughna Pandav will be honoured with the prestigious 39th edition of the ‘Sarala Puraskar’ award 2018 for his poetry collection ‘Misra Dhrupad’. The award carries a cash prize of Rs 5,00,000 and a citation.
The ‘Sarala Puraskar’ was instituted by eminent Odia industrialist late Dr Bansidhar Panda and late Ila Pnada in 1979 and awarded every year by the Indian Metals Public Charitable Trust (IMPaCT).
■ The 6th International Geriatric Orthopaedic Society of India Conference 2018 was inaugurated by Union Home Minister Rajnath Singh at the All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS) in New Delhi. The purpose of the conference is to spread awareness about the health needs of the ageing population. It’s theme is “Increased Longevity with Reduced Fragility and Enhanced Mobility”.
■ The government has said that treatment of childhood cancer will be covered under Pradhan Mantri Jan Arogya Yojana. The rate in this regard has also been fixed. The scheme will provide health insurance cover of 5 lakh rupees to poor families.
■ Dr. Bibek Debroy, an Indian economist, indologist and author, has been conferred ‘Honoris Causa’ by the University of Engineering & Management (UEM) in Kolkata, West Bengal. He is currently serving as the Chairman of the Economic Advisory Council to the Prime Minister (EAC-PM). He is also the Member of the NITI Aayog, the think tank of Government of India (GoI).
Note that: ‘Honoris Causa is a degree awarded without examination as a mark of appreciation.
International Current Affairs Capsule – 10 September 2018
■ For the first time, China is participating in 14th Exercise Kakadu, which is Australia’s largest maritime drill. More than 3,000 personnel from 27 countries are taking part in the exercise, off the coast of Darwin in northern Australia.
Other nations participating in the drill are – India, Japan, South Korea, Thailand, New Zealand and Pakistan. Indian Naval Ship Sahyadri won the KAKADU 18 Cup, a multi activity competition which included running, swimming, crossing land and water obstacles and kayaking through a spirited performance, which saw participation of 23 teams from as many countries.
■ Nepal has refused to participate in the 1st ever joint military exercise among the armies of the Bay of Bengal Initiative for Multi-Sectoral Technical and Economic Cooperation (BIMSTEC) Nations that will be hosted by India this month.
The Nepalese government has faced domestic criticism as there were no formal agreements at a diplomatic or political level over the said drill.
■ Iran is set to handover the strategic Chabahar port to an Indian company within a month for operation as per the agreement signed between India and Iran earlier. India is to equip and operate two berths in Chabahar Port Phase-I with capital investment of $ 85.21 million and annual revenue expenditure of $ 22.95 million on a 10-year lease.
About Chabahar port: Iran’s Chabahar port is located on the Gulf of Oman and is the only oceanic port of the country. The foremost significance of the Chabahar port is the fact that India can bypass Pakistan in transporting goods to Afghanistan. Chabahar port will boost India’s access to Iran, the key gateway to the International North-South Transport Corridor that has sea, rail and road routes between India, Russia, Iran, Europe and Central Asia.
Chabahar port will be beneficial to India in countering Chinese presence in the Arabian Sea which China is trying to ensure by helping Pakistan develop the Gwadar port. Gwadar port is less than 400 km from Chabahar by road and 100 km by sea.
■ India will supply 160 custom-made railway passenger coaches to Sri Lanka valued at around $ 82.64 million.The agreement in this regard was signed between state-owned RITES and the Sri Lankan government.
It is part of a $ 318-million agreement for the procurement of railway rolling stock and upgradation of rail tracks in Sri Lanka.
■ UN chief Antonio Guterres has restated his appeal to eight nations, including India and the US, to ratify the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty (CTBT), saying the failure to bring it into force undermines global efforts to ensure a world free of atomic weapons.
Note that: Although more than 180 countries have signed the CTBT, and mostly ratified it, the treaty can only enter into force after it is ratified by eight countries with nuclear technology capacity, namely China, Egypt, India, Iran, Israel, North Korea, Pakistan and the United States.
About CTBT: The Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty (CTBT) is the Treaty banning all nuclear explosions – everywhere, by everyone. The Treaty was negotiated at the Conference on Disarmament in Geneva and adopted by the United Nations General Assembly. It opened for signature on 24 September 1996.
The CTBT curbs the development of new nuclear weapons and the improvement of existing nuclear weapon designs. Since its inception, India has had a number of reservations about the CTBT. While it has stood by its demand for a nuclear weapons-free world, various principled, procedural, political, and security concerns have stood in the way of its support for the CTBT.
■ Data from NASA’s Cassini spacecraft has revealed a surprising feature emerging at Saturn’s northern pole undergoing summertime – a hexagonally shaped warming, high-altitude jet stream.
- The edges of the vortex is similar to the famous and bizarre hexagonal cloud pattern we see deeper down in Saturn’s atmosphere.
- The results suggest that the lower-altitude hexagon may influence what happens above, and that it could be a towering structure hundreds of miles in height.
About Cassini Mission: It was launched in 1997, as a cooperation between NASA, the European Space Agency and the Italian Space Agency. Cassini–Huygens is an unmanned spacecraft sent to the planet Saturn. Cassini is the fourth space probe to visit Saturn and the first to enter orbit. Cassini has sent back thousands of stunning images and made numerous discoveries about the ringed planet and its moons. Its design includes a Saturn orbiter and a lander for the moon Titan. The lander, called Huygens, landed on Titan in 2005.
Economics Today’s Current Affair Capsule – 10 September 2018
■ The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) has announced the acceptable dimension for a refund of damaged currency notes.
- For 2000 note: The undivided area of the single largest piece of a damaged Rs 2,000 note must be 88 square cm for a full refund and 44 square cm for half refund.
- For 200 note: For exchanging Rs 200 notes, 78 square cm of undivided area is needed for a full refund, and 39 square cm for half refund.
■ Chinese conglomerate Alibaba Group chief executive officer Daniel Zhang will succeed Jack Ma as the chairman of the board after the founder Jack Ma retires one year hence. After announcing his retirement, Jack Ma will still continue as executive chairman of the company over the next 12 months to ensure a smooth transition for the next leadership.
Ma, a former English teacher had co-founded Alibaba in 1999 as an e-commerce marketplace. Alibaba has now grown to be among the largest global tech giants with investments in a number of companies, including Indian digital payments firm, Paytm.
Sports Current Affairs – 10 September 2018
■ In an eventful US Opens Final, World number 19 Naomi Osaka won her maiden Grand Slam title after defeating her childhood idol and 23-time Grand Slam champion Serena Williams in the women’s singles.
■ In the US Open Tennis, Novak Djokovic of Serbia has won the Men’s singles final after he defeated Juan Martin del Potro of Argentina 6-3, 7-6, 6-3 in straight sets. It is Djokovic’s 14th Grand Slam title and the third US Open title.
- He has now equalled Pete Sampras’s mark of 14 Grand Slams. He is now just three Slams behind Rafael Nadal and six back from the record 20 held by Roger Federer.
■ India captain Virat Kohli has become the fastest batsman to reach 18,000 runs in international cricket, achieving the feat in his 382nd innings during the 5th England Test. He surpassed ex-Windies captain Brian Lara, who took 411 innings to reach this milestone.
“Current Affairs Questions for UPSC IAS Prelims – 10 September 2018 “
Q1.Which Indian sportsperson has been officially named as the Sports Ambassador of Assam?
- A) Neeraj Chopra
- B) Dutee Chand
- C) Fouaad Mirza
- D) Hima Das
Q2.Which of the following cities is the venue of the 4th edition of World Summit on Accreditation (WOSA 2018)?
- A) New Delhi
- B) Hyderabad
- C) Patna
- D) Shimla
Q3.Which renowned personality has been made the first Honorary Ambassador of the Lal Bahadur Shastri Memorial Foundation?
- A) Medha Patkar
- B) Chetan Bhagat
- C) Narendra Modi
- D) Akshay Kumar
Q4.Under which article, the Odisha Assembly has passed a resolution for establishing Legislative Council (Vidhan Parishad) in the state?
- A) Article 169
- B) Article 170
- C) Article 171
- D) Article 168
Q5.Chagos Islands, which is in news recently, is the disputed islands between which of the following countries?
- A) United Kingdom and United States
- B) Mauritius and United Kingdom
- C) Maldives and United States
- D) Maldives and Mauritius
Answer these questions in the comments below. We encourage you to discuss your thoughts on the news and issues mentioned in today’s current affairs post. The idea is to promote healthy discussions on interesting issues to make preparation fun. Have a good day!