“Almost half of the population of the world lives in rural regions and mostly in a state of poverty. Such inequalities in human development have been one of the primary reasons for unrest and, in some parts of the world, even violence”.

A. P. J. Abdul Kalam

This post covers relevant news from national dailies and government releases for aspirants of examinations like UPSC IAS, CDS, SSC CGL, NDA, etc. It is highly useful for both, revision and awareness purposes.

National Important Current Affairs – 11 July 2019

  • World Population Day is being observed today. The day, which seeks to focus attention on the urgency and importance of population issues, was established by the then-Governing Council of the United Nations Development Programme in 1989. This year’s World Population Day calls for global attention to the unfinished business of the 1994 International Conference on Population and Development. The greatest threat that growing population causes is quick depletion of natural resources and the threat that it poses to sustainability.
  • The Forest Advisory Committee (FAC) under the Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change (MoEFCC) has recommended for “in-principle” permission for exploration of Uranium in Amrabad Tiger Reserve in Telangana.
    In order to establish Uranium deposits, the Atomic Minerals Directorate for Exploration and Research (AMD) had sought permission from the Ministry of Forest to carry out survey and drilling of boreholes around Amrabad-Udimalla (Mahaboobnagar district)-Narayanpur (Nalgonda district).
    Investigations indicate that northern part of Cuddapah basin is the most promising and potential area in the country for locating high grade, large tonnage uranium deposits. It is one of the prime targets for exploration of unconformity related Uranium deposits.
  • The National Museum of Indian Cinema launched a fortnightly bulletin named “NMIC Bulletin“ in Mumbai, Maharashtra. It was brought out by the Films Division with veteran filmmaker Jahnu Barua. It will be a physical document to cherish and get relevant information for several educational institutions and students of media studies who visit Museum regularly.
  • India’s first elephant rehabilitation centre will be set up by the Kerala State Government in its ecotourism village of Kottoor.Rs.105 crore has been allotted to this project which was launched by Chief Minister of Kerala, Pinarayi Vijayan. The centre will have an elephant museum, mahout training centre, super-specialty hospital, a retirement home and crematorium for the animals, will house orphaned, injured and older elephants. Now the state has 507 captive elephants & forest department plans to admit more captive elephants. The centre will be set up with 65 hectares of natural forests area will have elephant safari and other activities to attract tourists.
  • Northeast Frontier Railway’s (NFR) ‘Plan Bee’, a strategy of using an amplified version of honey bees sound to keep wild elephants away from train tracks won the “ Best innovation award” of Indian Railways for the 2018-19 fiscal. The prize comprised of citation & cash award of Rs.3 lakh. Plan bee was launched in 2017 under which 46 devices were installed at several level crossings in Assam to play the sound of buzzing honey bees to drive away elephants from the rail tracks. This device is designed to generate the sound of honey bees from a distance of about 700-800 m.  The first instrument installed at level crossing gate between Azara and Kamakhya stations under Rangiya division and then installed in several level crossing gates in the vicinity of forest areas.
    Note that: Since 2013, a total of 67 elephants died in train hits in Assam while they were crossing the rail tracks and the population of elephant in Assam coming down to 5620.

International Current Affairs Capsule – 11 July 2019

  • Indian Haj mission in Saudi Arabia adopts Digital India and ‘equality of women’ motto for the empowerment of Muslim women pilgrims & to reach out to a large number of pilgrims as part of the Government of India’s initiative of Digital India. An App called “ Indian Haj Information System” has been introduced to receive grievances and feedback from Hajis to improve the service. It also connects the pilgrims with Qadimul Hajjaj (Haj service coordinators, who were deployed to assist pilgrims during the Haj), of their respective States.
    The app currently available in English, Hindi, and Urdu, other regional languages will be incorporated during the course of time.
    Another app: e-MASIHA (Medical Assistance System for Indian-Hajis abroad) is also launched to store pilgrim’s health information &medical history, so that appropriate treatment can be administered when he/she visits Indian medical facilities during Haj.
  • A researcher at the Belgian Nuclear Research Centre (SCKCEN), Lucrezia Terzi provides a new way of predicting the monsoon two months in advance, by measuring how much Beryllium-7(Be-7, an isotope of Beryllium) is present in the air. Be-7 is created only in the stratosphere when cosmic rays hit and break the nuclei of nitrogen and oxygen.
    When air flows down from the stratosphere (upwards of 33,000 feet from the earth’s surface), it brings with it some Be-7. With her method, Indian monsoon can be predicted 52 days in advance with a margin of error of three days.
  • Sri Lanka has become fifth country in the World Health Organisation (WHO) Southeast Asia region to eliminate measles. The other countries in the region which have achieved this feat are Bhutan, Maldives, DPR Korea and Timor-Leste.
  • The United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) released a report titled Global Study on Homicide 2019. It stated that the overall Homicide Rate declined by 10% in India over the period 2009- 2015, from 3.8 to 3.4 per 100,000 population and it was increased ‘Noticeably’ in some Northern States. Mumbai, which has a population of over 18 million, had one of the lowest homicide rates- just 0.9 in large metropolises in Asia.
    Note that: The number of female homicide victims were more than that of males. Dowry-related killings was one of the contributors to more female homicide. Males constituted less than 20% of the total homicide victims in 2016.
  • In ‘The Commonwealth at 70: From Westminster to the World’ book published by the popular London publishers St James House and the History of Parliament Trust, Aditya Birla World Academy, India’s leading International school situated in Mumbai, Maharashtra, became the only Indian school to be featured in it. An event ‘Commonwealth at 70’ which commemorated 70 years of the Commonwealth (Estb April 26, 1949) was held on June 25, 2019 at Westminster Abbey, United Kingdom. It was attended by Mrs. Neerja Birla, Chairperson of The Aditya Birla World Academy.
    Note that: The Aditya Birla World Academy strives to create a cohesive learning environment which helps to develop a child’s innate talents.
  • The US House of Representatives has passed a bill aimed at lifting the present seven per cent country-cap on issuing Green Cards. The move will benefit thousands of highly-skilled Indian IT professionals. A Green Card allows a person to live and work permanently in the US. The bill, on being signed into law, will considerably shorten the agonising wait of talented professionals from countries like India who have applied for permanent residency in the United States. Indian IT professionals, most of whom are highly skilled and come to the US mainly on the H-1B work visas, are the worst sufferers of the seven per cent per country quota on allotment of the coveted Green Cards.

Economics Today’s Current Affair Capsule – 11 July 2019

  • According to the report titled, “Global Prime Office Occupancy Costs survey” (annual report) by CBRE, an American real estate consulting firm, New Delhi’s Connaught Place (CP) was the 9th most expensive office location in the world with an annual rent of nearly $144 per sq ft. Six of the world’s 10 most expensive office markets were from Asia. For the second year, Hong Kong’s Central district retained the top spot as the world’s most expensive market for prime office rents. The prime occupancy costs was valued at $322 per sq.ft. per annum.
    London’s West End was ranked 2nd, followed by Hong Kong’s Kowloon, New York’s Midtown Manhattan and Beijing’s Finance Street.
    Mumbai’s Bandra Kurla Complex (BKC) and Nariman Point- Central Business District (CBD) were ranked at 27th and 40th positions respectively.

 

  • National Highways Authority of India (NHAI) has signed an MoU(Memorandum of understanding) with National Investment and Infrastructure Fund (NIIF) will fund large scale projects, including highways in a bid to achieve Prime Minister’s vision to make India a $5-trillion economy in the next five years. This MoU is meant to form SPVs (special purpose vehicles )to execute the fund arrangement for large size green field road projects to be executed by NHAI.
    The MoU will provide innovative financial models including for the 24,000 km Rs.7.5 lakh crore Bharatmala Pariyojana and it will also boost private investments in a big way to go ahead with the plan of highway expansion. NIIF will also explore projects offered on Toll-operate-transfer (T-O-I) basis by NHAI.

Sports Current Affairs – 11 July 2019

  • Sunil Chhetri, Indian men’s football team captain, was named the Men’s Footballer of the year 2019 at the All India Football Federation‘s (AIFF) Awards. He won the award for the third consecutive year. He is also the second-highest active international scorer (70 goals for India) after Portugal’s Cristiano Ronaldo. In women’s category, it was conferred to footballer Ashalata Devi.
  • Sprinter Dutee Chand has bagged Gold medal in the women’s 100-metre event at the 30th World University Games in Italy’s Naples, clocking a time of 11.32 seconds.
    Note that: This is the 1st time that an Indian has won a 100-metre gold in any edition of the World University Games.
  • Indian campaign ended in ICC World Cup after suffering a heart breaking loss of 18 runs to New Zealand in the first semifinal at Manchester. Chasing the 240-run victory target set by New Zealand, India were all out for 221 runs. Collapse of Indian side began with early loss of three major wickets of K L Rahul, Rohit Sharma and Virat Kohli for five runs adding one run each. Ravindra Jadeja’s sensational 77-run knock raised hopes of a turnaround but eventually the hot title-favourites fell short by 18 runs. Prime Minister Narendra Modi was disappointed with India making a semifinal exit from the World Cup but was impressed with the fighting spirit the team showed in the nail-biting contest against New Zealand.

 

“Current Affairs Questions for UPSC IAS Prelims – 11 July 2019 “

Q1. Which has become the first train to be operated by private players in India ?

A) New Delhi-Allahabad Allahabad Duronto Express
B) New Delhi-Agra Gatimaan Express
C) Mumbai-New Delhi Rajdhani Express
D) Delhi-Lucknow Tejas Express

Q2. Name the Operation launched by Delhi Police Crime Branch, which rescued 333 children and reunited with their respective families.

A) Operation Milap
B) Operation Viraat
C) Operation Trishul
D) Operation Cactus

Q3. Name the Indian para-athlete, who won 3 medals in 4th World Yoga Festival and Championship 2019, held at Bulgaria, Sofia.

A) Amit Kumar Saroha
B) Toran Yadav
C) Suyash Jadhav
D) Varun Singh Bhati

Q4. Which Indian Navy Ship has reached Tangier in Morocco as part of overseas development programme to strengthen the bonds of friendship between India and Morocco ?

A) INS Teg
B) INS Tabar
C) INS Talwar
D) INS Tarkash

Q5. Name the aerospace company, which has manufactured CH-47F (I) Chinooks helicopters for the Indian Air Force (IAF), that has arrived at the Mundra port in Gujarat.

A) Lufthansa
B) Boeing
C) Lockheed Martin
D) Airbus

Answer these questions in the comments below. We encourage you to discuss your thoughts on the news and issues mentioned in today’s current affairs post. The idea is to promote healthy discussions on interesting issues to make preparation fun. Have a good day!

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