12 October 2017 Current Affairs : SC on Section375 of IPC, 7th PC benefits for teachers, Anupam Kher FTII Chief, GHI Report

///12 October 2017 Current Affairs : SC on Section375 of IPC, 7th PC benefits for teachers, Anupam Kher FTII Chief, GHI Report
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This Daily Current Affair Capsule gives an informative brief of important and relevant news from national dailies and government releases on PIB. Aspirants for UPSC IAS, CDS, SSC CGL, NDA, etc. will find this highly useful.


National Important Current Affairs – 12 October 2017

■ The Government has approved 7th Pay Commission benefits to teachers of central and state universities. The salary hikes, applicable from 1 January 2016, will cover teachers and professors in central and state-funded educational institutions as well as private aided colleges affiliated to state public universities. According to HRD Minister, the move is aimed at attracting and retaining teaching talent in academics.


■ The CCEA has approved two new World Bank supported schemes for Skill Development of Rs6,655 crore. These two programmes—Skills Acquisition and Knowledge Awareness for Livelihood Promotion (SANKALP) and Skill Strengthening for Industrial Value Enhancement (STRIVE)—are centrally sponsored outcome-focused schemes. They mark a shift in government’s implementation strategy in vocational education and training from inputs to results.


■ On the second leg of his Navsarjan Yatra in Gujarat, Congress vice-president Rahul Gandhi joined a group of tribals at Chhota Udepur district in Gujarat, for the tribal folk dance ‘Timli’.


Anupam Kher, the versatile veteran actor, has been appointed as Chairman of Film and Television Institute of India (FTII), Pune. He succeeds Gajendra Chauhan whose tenure ended in March. Kher has appeared in over 500 films is a recipient of the Padma Shri in 2004 and the Padma Bhushan in 2016 for his contribution in the field of cinema and arts.

Earlier he had served as the Chairman of the Central Board of Film Certification (CBFC) and also as the Director of National School of Drama from 2001 to 2004.

About FTII:

FTII is an autonomous body under the Ministry of Information and Broadcasting and is regarded as a center of excellence across the world. Films made by FTII’s students have enjoyed excellent receptions in festivals in India and abroad and have won National and International awards.


■ In a landmark judgment, the Supreme Court has ruled that a man who has sexual intercourse with his minor wife is guilty of rape. This move is expected to go a long way in discouraging the practice of child marriage in India. It is also likely to have a bearing on the criminality of marital rape, an issue which is witnessing wide-ranging debates.

  • Section 375 of the IPC defines rape with an exception clause that says intercourse or sexual act by a man with his wife, not below 15 years, is not rape. The Court observed that “The exception carved out under section 375 (which defines rape) exempting marital rape for minors is artificial and contrary of Article 21 (right to life) of the Constitution of India”. Note that, the age of consent is 18 years.

The court has read down this provision of the Indian Penal Code (IPC), 1860 which had exempted marital rape in case of minors. This purposive reading down was done to bring it in line with the Protection of Children from Sexual Offences Act (POCSO), 2012, and in the spirit of the human rights of a married girl child. Under provisions of POCSO Act, a physical relationship with a minor constitutes rape and this does not exclude the relationship between a man and his minor wife.

  • Accordingly, the exemption clause of IPC now reads—“sexual intercourse or sexual acts by a man with his own wife, the wife not being under eighteen years of age, is not rape.”the need of the hour was to create awareness at the panchayat level about the consequences that a man would face if he marries a minor girl.

The court was hearing a petition by Delhi-based Child rights NGO Independent Thought. It highlighted that to curb the menace of child marriages in rural India, the need of the hour was to create awareness at the panchayat level about the consequences that a man would face if he marries a minor girl.


International Current Affairs Capsule – 12 October 2017

■ According to the global hunger index (GHI) report released by Washington-based International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI), India has a “serious” hunger problem and ranks 100 among 119 developing countries, lagging behind countries such as North Korea and Iraq.

With a global hunger index (GHI) score of 31.4, India is at the high end of the “serious” category. India’s poor performance highlights the high proportions of malnourished children in the country—more than one-fifth of Indian children under five weigh too little for their height and over a third are too short for their age.

The GHI score is a multidimensional index composed of four indicators

  1. proportion of undernourished in the population,
  2. prevalence of child mortality,
  3. child stunting,
  4. child wasting.

On the severity scale, a GHI score of less than 10 means “low” prevalence of hunger while a score of more than 50 implies an “extremely alarming” situation.

India’s top 1% own more than 50% of its wealth, and India is the world’s second-largest food producer, yet it is also home to the second highest population of under-nourished in the world.


Northern California is raging under wildfires that continue to spread, fanned by stiff winds that forced new evacuations in a widening circle of damage. US President Donald Trump has declared a major disaster in California, freeing up federal funding and resources to help fight the fires.



Economics Today’s Current Affair Capsule – 12 October 2017

■ The First Meeting of the Economic Advisory Council to the Prime Minister chaired by Dr. Bibek Debroy, Member NITI Aayog, has rejected the idea of a mid-year fiscal stimulus to spur a revival in economic growth.

The Prime Minister’s Economic Advisory Council (PMEAC) has identified ten major priorities for accelerating economic growth and employment over the next six months. It was attended by members including leading economists Dr. Surjit Bhalla, Dr. Rathin Roy, Dr. Ashima Goyal and Member Secretary Mr Ratan P Watal. PMEAC would assist in monitoring public spending and had recommended job creation as the biggest priority.

The PMEAC is an independent body designed to guide the government on policy decisions. It’s deliberations took stock of the current economic, fiscal and monetary policy environment and identified key issues that it would focus on.


Sports Current Affairs – 12 October 2017

India has qualified for the 2019 AFC Asian Cup after a convincing 4-1 win over Macau in a qualifying round at the Sree Kanteerava Stadium in Bengaluru.


■ FIFA has suspended Pakistan from international football citing undue third-party interference in the country’s football federation. The Pakistan’s football federation (PFF) has been engulfed in chaos and split into two warring factions following a tussle for the presidency in the year 2015. According to FIFA records, Pakistan, which is 200th of 211 teams in the world rankings, have not played a full international since a 0-0 draw with Yemen in a World Cup qualifier in March 2015. Note that: Pakistan has never qualified for the World Cup.


“Current Affairs Questions for UPSC IAS Prelims – 12 October 2017”

Q1. Who has been appointed the new Governor of Assam?

  • [A] E.S.L. Narasimhan
  • [B] Bhanwarilal Purohit
  • [C] Kalyan Singh
  • [D] Jagdish Mukhi

Q2. What is NASA’s ‘Black Marble’?

  • A) A global map of Earth at night
  • B) A moonshot project, to mine rare earth metals on the moon
  • C) A project in collaboration with the private spaceflight industry to explore the dark side of the moon
  • D) The proposed new space station to be placed in orbit around Earth by 2024

Q3. What is the theme of the 2017 World Mental Health Day (WMHD)?

  • [A] Psychological first aid
  • [B] Mental health and older adults
  • [C] Dignity in mental health
  • [D] Mental health in the workplace

Q4. Who has been recently awarded the 2017 Lal Bahadur Shastri National Award for Excellence in Public Administration, Academics and Management?

  • [A] Meera Thakur
  • [B] Bindeshwar Pathak
  • [C] Kailash Satyarthi
  • [D] M N Ramakrishna

Q5. The informal WTO ministerial gathering has taken place in _?

  • A) Nairobi, Kenya
  • B) Marrakesh, Morocco
  • C) Columbo, Sri Lanka
  • D) Ho Chi Minh city, Vietnam


Answer these questions in the comments below. We encourage you to discuss your thoughts on the news and issues mentioned in today’s current affairs post. The idea is to promote healthy discussions on interesting issues to make preparation fun. Have a good day!

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