“Never interrupt your enemy when he is making a mistake.”
― Napoleon Bonaparte.
This post covers relevant news from national dailies and government releases for aspirants of examinations like UPSC IAS, CDS, SSC CGL, NDA, etc. It is highly useful for both, revision and awareness purposes.
National Important Current Affairs – 15 & 16 April 2019
Defence Research and Development Organisation has successfully test fired indigenously designed and developed Long Range Sub-Sonic Cruise Missile – Nirbhay from the Integrated Test Range at Chandipur in Odisha. This is the 6th development flight trial with the aim to prove the repeatability of the boost phase, cruise phase using way-point navigation at very low altitudes.
Note that: The missile demonstrated its sea-skimming capability to cruise at very low altitudes. The entire flight was fully tracked by a chain of Electro-Optical Tracking Systems, Radars and Ground Telemetry Systems deployed all along the seacoast and all the mission objectives were met.
- The Election Commission has barred Uttar Pradesh Chief Minister Yogi Adityanath and BSP chief Mayawati from poll campaigning over violating Model Code of Conduct by making objectionable statements in speeches. While Adityanath was barred for 72 hours, Mayawati has been barred for 48 hours. The Election Commission has also barred BJP leader and Union Minister Maneka Gandhi for 48 hours and Samajwadi Party leader Azam Khan for 72 hours from poll campaigning.
Note that: The ban will be effective from 6 AM on Tuesday.
India’s first exotic Bird Park ‘Essel World Bird Park’ was launched by Essel World Leisure Pvt. Ltd., the family entertainment arm of the $6-billion Essel Group in Mumbai. The exotic Bird Park is spread over 1.4 acres of land and surrounded by flora and fauna. The key attractions at the Bird Park are the African Grey Parrot, Blue Gold Macaw, Cockatiel, Rainbow Lorikeet, Toucan, Black Lory, Violet Turaco and many other varieties of bird. It is home to over 500 exotic birds from more than 60 species of flying, terrestrial and aquatic birds and has 200 species of special plants and trees for the birds.
Note that: Essel World is the largest amusement park in the country and Water Kingdom Park in Mumbai is one of the largest Theme Water Parks in Asia.
The Union Cabinet has approved the ongoing GSLV continuation programme Phase-4 consisting of five GSLV flights during the period 2021-2024. This will enable the launch of 2 tonne class of satellites for Geo-imaging, Navigation, Data Relay Communication and Space Sciences. It will also meet the demand for the launch of satellites at a frequency up to two launches per year, with maximal participation by the Indian industry.
Note that: GSLV Continuation Programme was initially sanctioned in 2003, and two phases have been completed and the third phase is in progress and expected to be completed by Q4 of 2020-21. GSLV has enabled independent access to space for 2 tonne class of satellites to Geosynchronous Transfer Orbit.
Bharti Airtel has launched a mobile app, ‘My Circle’ in collaboration with FICCI Ladies Organisation to assist women in case they face any panic situation or problem. This application will allow women to send SOS alerts to any five of their family or friends in 13 languages. A woman can send an SOS alert by pressing the SOS prompt on the app.
International Current Affairs Capsule – 15 & 16 April 2019
- A massive fire broke out at France’s Cathedral of Notre-Dame in Paris as a result, the 850-year-old Gothic building’s spire and roof have collapsed but the main structure, including the two bell towers, has been saved. President Emmanuel Macron has called it a “terrible tragedy”. Several statues of the facade of the Catholic cathedral were earlier removed for renovation.
About the Notre-Dame: Notre-Dame has stood tall above Paris since the 1200s. A Unesco World Heritage site, it was built in the 12th and 13th centuries. No other site represents France quite like Notre-Dame. Its main rival as a national symbol is the Eiffel Tower-is little more than a century old.
The church receives almost 13 million visitors each year, more than the Eiffel Tower. It has given its name to one of the country’s literary masterpieces. Victor Hugo’s The Hunchback of Notre-Dame is known to the French simply as Notre-Dame de Paris.
India has joined hands with Japan and the United Arab Emirates to implement two projects in Africa as it seeks to extend its footprint on the continent as a counter to China’s ambitious Belt and Road Initiative. India will build a cancer hospital in Kenya in collaboration with Japan and will to set up an information and communications technology (ICT) center in Ethiopia in partnership with the UAE.
Note that: Through this partnership, India has undertaken many projects like the ambitious Pan African e-network project on tele-education and tele-medicine which provides integrated satellite, fiber optics and wireless network between the educational and medical institutes of Africa and India.
The world’s largest airplane a Stratolaunch behemoth has made its first test flight in California. It has two fuselages and six Boeing 747 engines and is designed to carry into space, and drop a rocket that would in turn ignite to deploy satellites.
Note that: An engineering company named ‘Scaled Composites’ has built this airplane and was financed by Paul Allen who was the co-founder of Microsoft. The wingspan of this airplane is 117 meters which is about 1.5 times that of an Airbus A380. This airplane can hit a top speed of 304 kilometers per hour and reach an altitude of 17,000 feet or 5,182 meters.
The world’s first armed amphibious drone boat named Marine Lizard, guided by China’s BeiDou Navigation Satellite System which could be used in land and sea assault operations, has been successfully tested by China. It also possesses the capability of forming a combat triad with aerial drones and other drone ships.
The drone ship-Marine Lizard has a maximum operation range of 1200 kms and can be remotely controlled with the help of satellites. Marine Lizard is 12 metres long, is shaped in the form of a ship. It is a trimaran and is driven by a diesel-powered hydrojet that can reach a maximum speed of 50 knots.
Malaysia will resume work on the multi-billion dollar East Coast Rail Link after months of negotiations with the China Communications Construction Company and finalised when the Chinese government brought the cost down by one third.
Note that: China is building a deep-sea port on Malaysia’s east coast and the railway is the key link in it’s Belt and Road Initiative. The BRI consisting of the land-based belt, ‘Silk Road Economic Belt’, and ‘Maritime Silk Road’, aims to connect the East Asian economic region with the European economic circle and runs across the continents of Asia, Europe and Africa. BRI is China’s ambitious project announced in 2013. It covers almost 65% of the world population, 60% of the world GDP and over 70 countries in six economic corridors.
- The United Nations Security Council (UNSC) has voted unanimously for the resolution to completely end its peacekeeping operations in Haiti from October 15. This resolution had called for establishing a political mission to support government efforts to promote order and development in Haiti situated in Latin America.
Economics Today’s Current Affair Capsule – 15 & 16 April 2019
A Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) has been signed by Tata Trusts and Microsoft India for jointly rejuvenating the handloom clusters in the eastern and north-eastern parts of India in order to build a digitally-inclusive society. Microsoft’s Project ‘ReWeave’ will facilitate to preserve conventional weaving forms by upskilling employees, designing and marketing products, and creating sustainable livelihood options.
Note that: Project ReWeave is already implemented successfully to new e-commerce platforms, digital empowerment centres and the new design curriculum to Telangana weaving clusters of Rajouli, Chottuppal and a few other clusters.
Sports Current Affairs – 15 & 16 April 2019
In motor racing, Lewis Hamilton has won the Chinese Grand Prix for a record sixth time. This was the 75th win of Hamilton’s career, and second in a row after his lucky triumph in Bahrain two weeks ago. Valtteri Bottas was second for his team’s third one-two finish in as many races this season. Ferrari’s Sebastian Vettel took third place.
India finished with 5 medals in the Boxing World Cup which had concluded at Cologne, Germany. While Meena Kumari Maisnam won the gold in the 54 kg, reigning youth world champion Sakshi and India Open champion Pwilao Basumatary settled for the silver. Pinki Rani and Parveen won bronze. India had sent a seven-member team to the tournament this time following a healthy haul of six medals from the erstwhile Chemistry Cup held at Halle city in central Germany last year.
Ethiopian athletes Gelete Burka (women’s race) and Abrha Milaw (men’s race) have won the 43rd edition of the Paris Marathon. They led a record 60,000 participants to the finish line through the French capital.
Renowned golfer Tiger Woods has got his fifth Masters and 15th major title at Augusta National Golf Club. It was the 43 year old American golfer’s first major title victory in 11 years and his first Master’s win since 2005.
Note that: Tiger Woods won 14 majors before his 33 and gained the Masters in 1997, 2001, 2002 and 2005.
In tennis, continuing his good run, India’s Prajnesh Gunneswaran achieved a career high ranking of 80th position in the latest ATP rankings. Prajnesh has reached the third round of Indian Wells in his maiden appearance at an ATP Masters event. He also reached to the third round of an ATP 1000 Tournament for the first time in his career at the BNP Paribas Open early this year.
- India’s BCCI has announced their 15-man squad for the ICC World Cup which will be played in England from 30th of next month. Virat Kohli will continue to lead the team. The squad was announced by the BCCI Acting Honorary Secretary Amitabh Choudhary along with Chairman of Selectors M.S.K. Prasad. While there were no major surprises in the 15, the inclusion of Dinesh Karthik was the notable factor.
India’s squad for ICC World Cup 2019: Virat Kohli (C), Rohit Sharma (VC), Shikhar Dhawan, KL Rahul, Vijay Shankar, MS Dhoni (WK), Kedar Jadhav, Dinesh Karthik, Yuzvendra Chahal, Kuldeep Yadav, Bhuvneshwar Kumar, Jasprit Bumrah, Hardik Pandya, Ravindra Jadeja, Mohammed Shami.
“Current Affairs Questions for UPSC IAS Prelims – 15 & 16 April 2019 “
Q1. Every year, which among the following issues a Statement on the State of the Global Climate?
- A) IMF
- B) WMO
- C) WEF
- D) WMO
Q2. Who took over as CEO of the International Cricket Council recently?
- A) David Richardson
- B) Manu Sawhney
- C) Sushil Verma
- D) S Rahman
Q3. Who among the following captured his/her fourth Miami Open title?
- A) Roger Federer
- B) John Isner
- C) Ishan Ahuja
- D) Salim Mohammed
Q4. Araku Valley, sometimes seen in the news, is in which among the following states?
- A) Andhra Pradesh
- B) Telangana
- C) Maharashtra
- D) Madhya Pradesh
Q5. The Bodleian Libraries, has presented ___________ with the Bodley Medal.
- A) Narendra Modi
- B) Rahul Gandhi
- C) Amartya Sen
- D) Raghuram Rajan
Q6. The world’s largest aircraft took off in __________ recently.
- A) New Delhi
- B) California
- C) Moscow
- D) Mecca
Q7. Who was recently appointed the Vice Chancellor of Jamia Millia Islamia?
- A) Nazma Akhtar
- B) Zoya Khan
- C) Arundhati Roy
- D) Begum Salma
Q8. ___________ has overtaken Japan to be the world’s third largest stock market in value.
- A) India
- B) Hong Kong
- C) France
- D) Russia
Q9. _______ was ranked No 1 in India by customers in the ‘World’s Best Banks’ survey by Forbes magazine.
- A) ICICI Bank
- B) HDFC Bank
- C) SBI
- D) Bank of Baroda
Q10. Two schemes of which state government have won the World Summit on the Information Society (WSIS) awards of the United Nations?
- A) Telangana
- B) West Bengal
- C) Punjab
- D) Odisha
Answer these questions in the comments below. We encourage you to discuss your thoughts on the news and issues mentioned in today’s current affairs post. The idea is to promote healthy discussions on interesting issues to make preparation fun. Have a good day!