This Daily Current Affair Capsule is a brief collection of important news from national dailies and government releases on PIB useful for UPSC IAS, CDS, SSC CGL, NDA, etc. It covers national, international, economic, sports news.
National Important Current Affairs – 24 & 25 April 2017
■ 25 CRPF Jawans were martyred in the insurgency-affected Sukma district of Chhattisgarh. Around 90 Jawans belonging to 74th battalion of CRPF who were engaged in area sanitisation for a road construction project were attacked by Maoists at two different places of Burkapal and Chintagufa. The attack took place between the Burkapal-Chintagufa area in south Bastar, one of the worst Maoist violence-affected region in the state.
■ The Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) has scrapped the moderation policy under which grace marks are given to students in exams for difficult questions. This decision was taken at the Board’s high-level meeting, after the CBSE last year requested the HRD Ministry to help develop a consensus among all state boards on completely removing the policy. It is considered as the reason behind inflated scores in board exam results.
- Under this policy, the examinees are awarded up to 15 per cent extra marks in certain papers if the questions are deemed to be difficult.
- However, the practice of awarding grace marks will continue to ensure that a student clears an exam if he or she needs a few marks to do so.
- If the states also decide to adopt this policy, then the soaring cut-offs for admission to colleges are likely to go down.
■ The Supreme Court has directed the Uttar Pradesh, Tamil Nadu and Karnataka governments to fill over 2 lakh police vacancies in the states within fours years.
- The bench, headed by Chief Justice JS Khehar, also asked the Home Secretaries of Gujarat, Telangana and Rajasthan to suggest the road map to fill up the police vacancies in the states.
- The court was hearing the 2013 petition which claimed that the law and order situation in the country was deteriorating because of a large number of vacancies in police services at all levels across all states.
■ The Union government is planning to establish a single unified transport ministry by merging the Ministries of Aviation, Railways, Surface Transport and Shipping in order to ensure greater ease of doing business and boost India’s trade. It is also in line with the NDA government’s slogan of ‘minimum government and maximum governance’.
- Inter-ministerial discussions in this regard have begun for establishing a ‘Logistics and Integrated Transport Board’ as a nodal body at the central level for all transport-related matters across modes.
- Need for a single ministry for transport : Nearly all over the world, from the 100 largest economies, OECD countries, BRICS countries, and emerging markets, there is an all encompassing Ministry of Transport or similar integrated equivalent rather than the collection of mode-specific ministries that are found in India.
- Note that : In this regard, the National Transport Development Policy Committee, chaired by Rakesh Mohan had recommended setting up of a single unified ministry with a clear mandate to deliver a multi-modal transport system to give shape to the country’s larger development goals which provide economic growth, expansion of employment, geographic expansion of opportunities, environmental sustainability, and energy security.
■ The National Panchayati Raj Day has been observed as the national day of India celebrated by Ministry of Panchayati Raj on 24 April annually. This date marks the history of decentralization of political power to the grassroots level by the Constitution (73rd Amendment) Act, 1992 that came into force with effect from 24th April, 1993. It has institutionalized Panchayati Raj through the village, Intermediate and District level Panchayats.
International Current Affairs Capsule – 24 & 25 April 2017
■ The Engaging Asia arbitration summit was recently held in New Delhi. It brings together lawyers and corporates from participating countries to discuss Asia’s potential in driving worldwide growth in commercial arbitration. It also provides ample opportunity to network on the sidelines with leading arbitration lawyers and corporate counsels.
■ China’s first cargo spacecraft, Tianzhou-1 cargo resupply spacecraft, has docked successfully with the Tiangong-2 space lab recently, marking a major step towards Beijing’s goal of establishing a permanently manned space station by 2022.
- This cargo spacecraft mission provides an “important technological basis” to build a Chinese space station. It can reportedly carry six tonnes of goods, two tonnes of fuel and can fly unmanned for three months.
- Recall that: The Tiangong-2 space laboratory, or Heavenly Palace 2, was home to two astronauts for a month last October in China’s longest ever manned space mission.
■ Vice President Mohammad Hamid Ansari is holding talks with the top leadership of Armenia in capital, Yerevan. He reached Yerevan rday on the first leg of his 2-nation tour to Armenia and Poland.
- After arriving on the 102nd commemoration day of the Armenian genocide, Vice President Mohammad Hamid Ansari, had a meeting with the Prime Minister Karen Karapetyan.
- India is building on the existing excellent political relations with Armenia and is opening a way for higher level exchanges between the two countries.
■ US President Donald Trump has called for UN Security Council sanctions against the nuclear weapons and ballistic missile programmes of North Korea, terming it as a very big problem.
■ Scientists have developed a novel way to 3D-print objects using glass, which can find use in making very small optical components for complex computers. This process is known as Stereolithography.
- Stereolithography is a form of 3D-printing technology used for creating models, prototypes, patterns and production parts in a layer by layer fashion using photopolymerisation, a process by which light causes chains of molecules to link, forming polymers.
■ Researchers have developed thin carbon nanotube (CNT) textiles that exhibit high electrical conductivity and a level of toughness about 50 times higher than copper films, which are currently being used in electronics.
Economics Today’s Current Affair Capsule – 24 & 25 April 2017
■ India has replaced Japan as world’s number two importer of liquefied petroleum gas or LPG after China. While Japan recorded a drop of 3.2% in LPG imports during the period under review to 10.6 million tonnes, China continues to occupy the top position as world’s largest LPG importer.
Sports News Current Affairs – 24 & 25 April 2017
■ Indian shot putter Manpreet Kaur has clinched a gold in the first leg of the Asian Grand Prix Athletics Meet in Jinhua, China. With career’s best performance, Manpreet also qualified for the IAAF World Championships to be held in August in London.
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