This Daily Current Affair Capsule aims to be a time-saving tool for going through relevant news from national dailies and government releases on PIB. Aspirants for UPSC IAS, CDS, SSC CGL, NDA, etc. will find it highly useful to cover for revision and awareness purposes.
National Important Current Affairs – 24 April 2018
■ National Panchayati Raj Day is being observed on 24th April across the nation. Then Prime Minister of India Manmohan Singh inaugurated the first National Panchayati Raj Day in 2010. The Constitution (73rd Amendment) Act, 1992 that came into force with effect from 24th April, 1993 has vested constitutional status on Panchayati Raj institutions. Prime Minister Narendra Modi has said that the National Panchayati Raj Day is an occasion to celebrate the efforts of all those who are a part of vibrant Panchayati Raj institutions.
About Panchayats: There are 2.51 lakh Panchayats in our country, which include 2.39 lakh Gram Panchayats, 6904 Block Panchayats and 589 District Panchayats. There are more than 29 lakh Panchayat representatives.
■ Union Food and Public Distribution Minister Ram Vilas Paswan has said that all students living in the hostels (privarte or government), where two-thirds belong to SC, ST and OBC communities, will be entitled to 15 kg of foodgrain per month at subsidised rates. The Welfare Institutions and Hostels Scheme will be rolled out at the earliest to benefit over one crore students.
■ The National Commission for Minorities (NCM) will approach the government for granting it Constitutional status to protect the rights of minority communities more effectively.
Presently, the NCM has powers to summon officials, including chief secretaries and director generals of police, but has to rely on departments concerned to take action against them. If they are granted constitutional status, the NCM will be able to act against errant officials who do not attend hearings, follow its order or are found guilty of dereliction of duty.
Note that: The Standing Committee on Social Justice and Empowerment (2017-18), in its 53rd report, had noted that the NCM is “almost ineffective” in its current state to deal with cases of atrocities against minorities.
About NCM: The Union Government set up the National Commission for Minorities (NCM) under the National Commission for Minorities Act, 1992. Six religious communities, viz; Muslims, Christians, Sikhs, Buddhists, Zoroastrians (Parsis) and Jains have been notified in Gazette of India as minority communities by the Union Government all over India. Original notification of 1993 was for Five religious communities Sikhs, Buddhists, Parsis, Christians and Muslims.
The Commission shall consist of a Chairperson, a Vice Chairperson and five Members to be nominated by the Central Government from amongst persons of eminence, ability and integrity; provided that five Members including the Chairperson shall be from amongst the minority communities.
■ The National Disaster Management Authority (NDMA) is conducting a basic training programme at the Lok Nayak Jayaprakash Airport in Patna. The five-day training programme is aimed at enhancing the preparedness of Airport Emergency Handlers (AEHs) to respond to CBRN emergencies at the airports.
CBRN emergencies include threats emanating due to Chemical, Biological, Radiological and Nuclear material.
The training programme is being conducted in collaboration with the Airports Authority of India (AAI) and Institute of Nuclear Medicine & Allied Sciences (INMAS).
■ The Supreme Court has asked the Defence Ministry to clarify its stand on the issue of giving permanent commission to women serving as short service commission (SSC) officers in the defence services. A bench of Justice N.V. Ramana and Justice S.A. Nazeer was hearing an appeal of the Central government seeking stay on the Delhi High Court’s March 2010 judgment, directing the Navy to grant permanent commission to all its women SSC officers.
■ The Committee headed by Justice Rajesh Bindal of High Court of Punjab & Haryana, Chandigarh, has submitted its report on legal issues related to intercountry removal & retention of children and its recommends on addressing the problems of parents and children involved in such issues. The Ministry of Women and Child Development had earlier appointed the Committee.
- The Committee has recommended that the Government may establish an ‘Inter Country Parental Child Removal Disputes Resolution Authority’. This authority will provide a one window solution in cases of inter country removal and retention of Children.
- Justice Bindal Committee has also recommended that the said Authority may be chaired by a retired High Court Judge, with Members from Legal and Social sector background along with representatives from key Ministries.
- Along with its recommendation, the Committee has also submitted a draft legislation to the Government.
■ Pune has hosted the 12th edition of the South Asian Climate Outlook Forum (SASCOF) meeting. This Forum was attended by meteorologists from Bangladesh, Bhutan, Maldives, Myanmar and Sri Lanka. This is the sixth SASCOF meeting hosted by India.
About SASCOF: South Asian nations, supported by the World Meteorological Organization (WMO), have been conducting the South Asian Seasonal Climate Outlook Forum (SASCOF) since 2010. SASCOF was established as a platform where meteorologists from South Asian Association of Regional Cooperation (SAARC) countries along with Myanmar, could discuss some of the common weather and climate-related matters. All these South Asian countries — excluding Afghanistan, which is located in extreme northwest — experience common weather and climatological characteristics, like Southwest monsoon.
International Current Affairs Capsule – 24 April 2018
■ The G7 foreign ministers’ summit is being held in Toronto. Participants have discussed tensions with Moscow, Iran and North Korea.
About G7: The Group of 7 (G7) is a group consisting of Canada, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, the United Kingdom, and the United States. The European Union is also represented within the G7. These countries are the seven major advanced economies. As per the report of the International Monetary Fund, the G7 countries represent more than 64% of the net global wealth ($263 trillion).
Economics Today’s Current Affair Capsule – 24 April 2018
■ The Asian Development Bank (ADB) will give an aid of 1,700 crore rupees to Uttarakhand for infrastructure development and creation of sewerage treatment facilities in urban areas.
This was announced after a meeting between Chief Minister Trivendra Singh Rawat and the country director of ADB’s India Regiment Mission Kenichi Yokoyama at a meeting in Dehradun yesterday.
■ The Tata Consultancy Services (TCS) has become the first Indian IT Company to Touch 100 Billion Dollar Market Value. The market value of the company stood at Rs 6.53 lakh crore on 23rd April 2018. TCS breached the Rs 3,500 ($52.87) per share mark for the first time, reaching $100 billion in market capitalisation.
TCS has become overall the second Indian company to reach the $100-billion market capitalisation milestone. The 1st Indian company to cross the $100 billion milestone was Reliance Industries in 2007.
By definition, market capitalisation is the value of a company that is traded on the stock market, calculated by multiplying the total number of shares by the present share price.
■ The First International SME Convention – 2018, being convened in New Delhi, was inaugurated by Union Minister of Commerce & Industry and Civil Aviation, Suresh Prabhu. He said that MSMEs will reduce gap between rich and poor as they are agents of inclusive growth. Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises will help in reducing Green House Gas emissions as they are generally closer to markets leading to reduced carbon footprints. MSMEs will also play a key role in employment generation thus countering jobless growth.
Note that: The SME International Convention – 2018 is being organised by the Ministry of MSME and National Small Industries Corporation (NSIC) along with KVIC and Coir Board.
■ According to the International Monetary Fund (IMF), the world’s total debt has reached a record $164 trillion in 2016, which is estimated to be 225% of the world’s Gross Domestic Product.
Note that: China alone contributed more than 40% to the increase in global debt since 2007.
Sports Current Affairs – 24 April 2018
■ Spain’s tennis champion, Rafael Nadal has won his 11th Monte Carlo Masters title by defeating Japan’s Kei Nishikori. With this, the world number one Nadal has become first male tennis player in the Open Era to win the same title 11 times in his career.
“Current Affairs Questions for UPSC IAS Prelims – 24 April 2018 “
Q1. Which city hosted the 16th Federation Cup Junior National athletics championship 2018?
D) New Delhi
Q2. The Government of India (GoI) has celebrated 2018 Civil Services Day (CSD) on which date?
A) April 20
B) April 22
C) April 21
D) April 23
Q3. Which state is observing Khongjom Day to pay tributes to the great warriors of their state?
Q4. Which country has officially changed its name to the ‘Kingdom of eSwatini’?
Q5. The World Creativity and Innovation Day (WCID) is observed on which date?
A) April 22
B) April 21
C) April 23
D) April 20
Answer these questions in the comments below. We encourage you to discuss your thoughts on the news and issues mentioned in today’s current affairs post. The idea is to promote healthy discussions on interesting issues to make preparation fun. Have a good day!