Don’t be satisfied with stories, how things have gone with others. Unfold your own myth.

― Rumi.

This post covers relevant news from national dailies and government releases for aspirants of examinations like UPSC IAS, CDS, SSC CGL, NDA, etc. It is highly useful for both, revision and awareness purposes.

National Important Current Affairs – 24 April 2019

  • In the voting for the third phase of Lok Sabha election, 66 per cent polling has been recorded. Senior Deputy Election Commissioner Umesh Sinha has said, except for minor incidents, polling remained peaceful in 116 constituencies.

Note that: Out of total 543 Lok Sabha constituencies, polls have been concluded in 303 constituencies.

 

  • The Ministry of Home Affairs has distributed special kits to carry out immediate investigations into sexual assault cases, that are procured with financial support under the central government’s ‘Nirbhaya Fund’. The Sexual Assault Evidence Collection Kits (SAECK) or ‘rape investigation kits’ are designed to carry out immediate medico-legal investigation.

    Components and significance of these ‘rape investigation kits’:

    • Each of these kits comprises essential items that will aid in furnishing evidence such as blood and semen samples in sexual assault and rape cases, which will help the prosecution to gather evidence against the accused.
    • The kit has a set of test tubes and bottles, which mention contents and specifications.
    • These kits also contain instructions on collection of evidence from the crime scene.
    • The SAECKs would be sent to the closest laboratory and within two months the results would be out.

     

Note that: These kits are expected to help law enforcement agencies to ensure effective and timely investigation for better prosecution and convictions in sexual assault cases.

 

  • The first edition of Naval Commander’s Conference was held in Delhi and will continue till 25th April 2019. In this conference, there was an interaction between the Naval Commanders and the senior Government Officials. The themes of Functional Reorganization of Indian Navy towards enhancing Operational Efficiency and Optimal Manning were the core of discussions in this conference.

Note that: The conversations were planned on the adaptation of new capabilities, controlling technologies like ‘Big Data Analytics’ and ‘Artificial Intelligence’ for solutions in the domains of naval combat.

 

  • An MOU signed between Ministry of AYUSH and Council of Scientific and Industrial Research for the development of the Traditional Knowledge Digital Library (TKDL). The objective of the library is to protect the ancient and traditional knowledge of the country by documenting it electronically and classifying it as per international patent classification systems.

Note that: TKDL is one of the globally recognized proprietary database on Indian systems of medicine for preventing bio-piracy and misappropriation of traditional knowledge.

 

  • The Central Board of Secondary Education students will be allowed to use magnifying glasses and portable video magnifiers during the Class X final examination from 2020. Also, Alternative-type questions will be provided in lieu of questions having visual inputs for visually impaired candidates in social science subject.

Note that: The board has directed all its affiliated schools to ensure that premises are disabled friendly by 2020 with all the educational institutions, including hostels, libraries, and laboratories to have barrier-free access.

 

International Current Affairs Capsule – 24 April 2019

  • United States has decided that it will not renew exemptions from its sanctions for importing oil from Iran. The US will not issue any additional Significant Reduction Exceptions to existing importers of Iranian oil.
    US has continued pressurise the Iranian regime until it’s leaders change their destructive behaviour, respect the rights of the Iranian people and return to the negotiating table.
    However, the US has clarified that Chabahar port project, being developed by India in Iran, won’t be impacted by sanctions on Iran. The exception is for reconstruction assistance and economic development for Afghanistan, which includes the development and operation of Chabahar Port.

Note that: India, China and U.S. allies Japan, South Korea and Turkey will be mostly impacted by the non-renewal of waivers. The other three currently exempted countries. Italy, Greece and Taiwan have already deducted their imports to zero.

 

  • African Nation, Malawi will be undertaking large scale pilot tests for the world’s most advanced experimental malaria vaccine, RTS,S in a bid to prevent the disease. The vaccine has been recommended by WHO for pilot introduction in selected areas of 3 African countries- Ghana, Kenya and Malawi.

Note that: RTS,S, known by its trade name Mosquirix, uses antibodies to target proteins presented by sporozoites to enhance the immune system and help prevent the parasite from infecting the liver.

 

  • India has decided to not participate in China’s second Belt and Road Forum due on April 25. The Belt and Road Initiative (BRI), which was proposed by Chinese President Xi Jinping in 2013, is aimed at building a trade and infrastructure network connecting Asia with Europe and Africa along ancient trade routes. 

Note that: India’s main concern remains the much-controversial CPEC that passes through the PoK. Citing it’s opposition to the CPEC, India skipped the Belt and Road Forum in May, 2018. India’s opposition is to the key artery of the project that passes through the Pakistan-administered-Kashmir.

 

  • NASA has revealed that Mercury, the smallest planet in the solar system has a massive solid inner core. The final trip around Mercury before crash-landing in 2015 was made by NASA’s MESSENGER. According to NASA’s information, both Mercury and the Earth have metallic cores and like Earth, Mercury’s outer core is of liquid metal.

Note that: There are indications that Mercury’s innermost core which is nearly 85% of Mercury’s volume is solid and it is nearly of the same size as Earth’s inner core.

 

Economics Today’s Current Affair Capsule – 24 April 2019

  • The total deposits in Jan Dhan Account are set to cross INR 1 lakh crore soon. The scheme was launched on 28th August 2014 by the Modi-government with an aim to provide universal access to banking facilities to all households. Recently, the government increased the accident insurance cover to INR 2 lakh from INR 1 lakh for new accounts opened after 28th August 2018 and the overdraft limit was also doubled to INR 10,000.

Note that: Through this account, all government benefits are given to the beneficiary accounts and also it pushes the Direct Benefit Transfer (DBT) scheme of the Central government.

 

  • According to the report by Bank of America Merrill Lynch, the excess reserves that RBI holds could be up to $43 billion or 1.5% of the Gross Domestic Product. This also includes the excess capital in contingency reserves and revaluation reserves. The Bimal Jalan committee on the appropriate capital reserves for RBI was likely to identify this excess buffer.

Note that: The BofAML report stated that capping overall reserves at 20% from 25.5% will release Rs. 1.96 lakh crore and there is no specific hindrance which would deter RBI from transferring the money to government.

 

Sports Current Affairs – 24 April 2019

  • Indian qualifier Suthirta Mukherjee tamed German world number 58 Sabine Winter 4-3 while superstar Manika Batra savoured an easy win in the women’s singles first round of the ITTF World Championships in Budapest.

 

  • The Badminton Asia Championships began at Wuhan in China. The Indian contingent comprises PV Sindhu and Saina Nehwal in Women’s Singles, and Kidambi Srikanth and Sameer Verma in Men’s Singles. 

Note that: Dinesh Khanna had become the Men’s Singles champion in 1965. In 2018, Saina Nehwal and HS Prannoy had won bronze medals.

 

“Current Affairs Questions for UPSC IAS Prelims – 24 April 2019 “

Q1. Which of the following with reference to process of removal of Supreme Court judges are correct?

  1. The process for removal of other Supreme Court judges and Chief Justice of India is different.
  2. A judge can only be removed on the grounds of proved misbehavior or incapacity.
  3. The motion for removal must be supported by a special majority of each House of Parliament.

Select the correct answer using code below

  • A) 1 and 2
  • B) 2 and 3
  • C) 1 and 3
  • D) 1, 2 and 3

 

Q2. The theme of Earth Day 2019 was –

  • A) “End Plastic Pollution”
  • B) “Protecting the planet’s species diversity”
  • C) “Beat Plastic Pollution”
  • D) “Nature for Water” – exploring nature-based solutions to the water challenges we face in the 21st century.

 

Q3. India has rebuilt Chhyoiphel Kundeling Monastery in _______.

  • A) Pakistan
  • B) Sri Lanka
  • C) Nepal
  • D) Afghanistan

 

Q4. Comic Volodymyr Zelensky has won the presidential runoff vote of which among the following countries?

  • A) Russia
  • B) Ukraine
  • C) Germany
  • D) Poland

 

Q5. Recently, the world’s fattest species of parrot has had a record-breaking breeding season in _________.

  • A) United Kingdom
  • B) Greenland
  • C) Canada
  • D) New Zealand

 

Answer these questions in the comments below. We encourage you to discuss your thoughts on the news and issues mentioned in today’s current affairs post. The idea is to promote healthy discussions on interesting issues to make preparation fun. Have a good day!

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