“ The successful warrior is the average man, with laser-like focus”
This post covers relevant news from national dailies and government releases for aspirants of examinations like UPSC IAS, CDS, SSC CGL, NDA, etc. It is highly useful for both, revision and awareness purposes.
National Important Current Affairs – 25 April 2019
- On one hand, the Centre governments and Uttar Pradesh government have claimed to have organised a ‘swachh’ — clean — Maha Kumbh in the winter of 2018-19, on the other hand, the quasi judicial body, National Green tribunal (NGT) differs. It has sounded alarm bells about host city Allahabad being on the the verge of an epidemic.
The NGT has predicted a rise in case of acute diarrhoea, enteric fever, viral hepatisis and cholera in the city, and has asked to fix responsibility so an epidemic can be prevented. The major issues according to NGT have been:
- Poor solid waste management during the months-long religious gathering in which 60,000 metric tonnes (mt) of solid waste had been left untreated.
- Polluted Groundwater as dirty water from toilets was being collected in kutcha pits and the base of these soak pits had not been lined. Hence, the dirty water could percolate underground.
- River Ganga, suffered because a large number of toilets were constructed very close to the river and the STP received excess sewage than the installed capacity.
Note that: The CAG of India’s audit report of previous MahaKumbh has said, that no effective planning for protection of environment and pollution control was made for the Maha Kumbh.
- IIT Bombay has developed the country’s first ever indigenously built SPARC ISA architecture based microprocessor called AJIT. This project comes under India’s Make In India initiative which aims to make India a global manufacturing hub by encouraging both multinational as well as domestic companies to manufacture their products within the country.
Note that: AJIT will be used in India’s satellites like NAVIC or IRNSS (Indian Regional Navigation Satellite System). This super cheap cost around less than two US dollar.
- The National Green Tribunal had directed the Andhra Pradesh government to deposit Rs 100 crore environment compensation for illegal sand mining. NGT’s direction has come in the backdrop of a plea which had alleged illegal sand mining was causing damage to the Krishna and Godavari rivers and their tributaries in the state.
Note that: The National Green Tribunal was established in 2010 under the National Green Tribunal Act 2010. The responsibility of the tribunal is to work on the disposal of cases related to environmental protection, conservation of forests and other natural resources.
International Current Affairs Capsule – 25 April 2019
- The United Nations has released its first-ever recommendations on physical activity for children under five. The guidelines from the World Health Organization cover many common-sense practices, such as not exposing babies under one-year-old to screens. These guidelines are aimed at tackling child inactivity, a leading risk factor for global mortality and obesity-related ill health. They underscore the importance of making the shift from sedentary time to playtime.
Some of the major WHO guidelines for Children under 5 years are:
- To combat the public health threat of obesity and its rising incidence in 80 percent of adolescents who are “not sufficiently physically active,” WHO outlines best practices for children under five — which is a crucial period for lifestyle development.
- Sedentary screen time, including computer games, should not happen before a child is 2 years old.
- For infants under one, the WHO recommends at least 30 minutes of physically activity a day, including prone position — or tummy time — for those not yet mobile.
- Babies under one should also not be restrained in a pram, highchair or strapped to someone’s back for more than an hour at a time and should sleep between 12 and 17 hours a day.
- For children between one and two years old, three hours of physical activity each day is recommended, with no more than an hour of “sedentary screen time” and at least 11 hours of sleep.
- Indonesia has released a special commemorative stamp on the theme of Ramayana to mark the 70th anniversary of the establishment of it’s diplomatic ties with India. The stamp is designed by renowned Indonesian sculptor Padmashri Bapak Nyoman Nuarta, featuring a scene from Ramayana in which Jatayu valiantly fought to save Devi Sita.
Note that: A specially signed version of the stamp will be on display at the Philately Museum in Indonesian Capital-Jakarta.
- The ESA-JAXA BepiColombo mission has successfully completed it’s five-month long tests in near-earth commissioning phase and is now ready for the the cruise towards Mercury, and for it’s scientific investigations at Mercury. BepiColombo is a joint mission between ESA and the Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency, which is being executed under ESA leadership.
Note that: The mission comprises two spacecraft namely, Mercury Planetary Orbiter (MPO) and the Mercury Magnetospheric Orbiter (MMO). The MPO will study the surface and internal composition of the planet, and the MMO will study Mercury’s magnetosphere, that is, the region of space around the planet that is influenced by its magnetic field.
- The Arab League this week pledged US$100 million per month to Palestinian authorities to alleviate political and financial pressures on Palestine from Israel. Israel had decided to freeze funds transferred to the Palestinian Authority in February this year, accusing Palestine of transferring the money provided by Israel to terrorists. But Palestine considers these transfer as a kind of welfare system for families who have lost a breadwinner.
About the Arab League: It is a regional organisation of Arab countries in and around North Africa, the Horn of Africa and Arabia. It was formed in Cairo on 22 March 1945 with six members: Kingdom of Egypt, Kingdom of Iraq, Jordan, Lebanon, Saudi Arabia, and Syria. Presently, the Arab League has 22 members, but Syria’s participation has been suspended since November 2011, as a consequence of government repression during the Syrian Civil War.
Economics Today’s Current Affair Capsule – 25 April 2019
- The Reserve Bank of India has divested its entire stake in National Housing Bank and the National Bank for Agriculture and Rural Development. RBI sold its entire stake worth Rs 20 Crore in NABARD and Rs 1450 Crore in NHB in the last quarter of 2018-19. Now, only the government is cent percent holder of both these institutions.
- Kotak Mahindra Bank has launched the first debit card-based authentication solution on National Payments Corporation of India e-Mandate API (Application Program Interface) platform, thus being the first ever Destination Bank to go live with both Net Banking and Debit Card-based e-mandate authentication. The objective of this initiative is to enable Kotak customers to create electronic mandates via both debit card and net banking provision.
Note that: E-Mandates are quite advantageous over physical mandates because of their security benefit, pricing, operational efficiency and turnaround time.
“Current Affairs Questions for UPSC IAS Prelims – 25 April 2019 “
Q1. World Book Day, also known as World Book and Copyright Day, is observed on ________.
• A) April 22
• B) April 23
• C) April 24
• D) April 25
Q2. The Foundation Stone Laying Ceremony (Shilanyas Vidhi) of the first traditional Hindu Mandir in _________ has recently taken place.
• A) Tehran
• B) Abu Dhabi
• C) Cape Town
• D) Florida
Q3. Who was recently awarded with the “Pandit Govind Ballabh Pant Award” for the year 2018-19 for his book?
• A) Sunil Kumar Gautam
• B) Karan Gambhir
• C) Rakesh Munjal
• D) Raman Sidana
Q4. Ras Al Khaimah Economic Zone (RAKEZ) appointed __________ as their Corporate Ambassador to the Indian business community recently.
• A) MS Dhoni
• B) Sachin Tendulkar
• C) Ravi Shastri
• D) Gautam Gambhir
Q5. Pakistan and ______ will set up a joint border “reaction force” soon.
• A) Iran
• B) Saudi Arabia
• C) Israel
• D) Libya
Answer these questions in the comments below. We encourage you to discuss your thoughts on the news and issues mentioned in today’s current affairs post. The idea is to promote healthy discussions on interesting issues to make preparation fun. Have a good day!