“Try not to become a man of success, but rather try to become a man of value.”
― Albert Einstein.
This post covers relevant news from national dailies and government releases for aspirants of examinations like UPSC IAS, CDS, SSC CGL, NDA, etc. It is highly useful for both, revision and awareness purposes.
National Important Current Affairs – 27 April 2019
- The newly built Coast Guard Vessel ICGS C-441 has been commissioned into the service at Vizhinjam Harbour, Thiruvananthapuram. It is the seventh Interceptor vessel amongst the series which is built by Larsen and Tuobro. The ship is fitted with state-of-the-art communication, navigational equipment and with light, medium and heavy automatic machine gun onboard armament.
Note that: This Interceptor vessel is designed to perform close coast surveillance, interdiction, search and rescue, rendering assistance to boats and crafts in distress at sea.
- The Government of India has extended the ban on import of milk and its products from China till laboratories at ports for testing presence of toxic chemical melamine. According to Food regulator FSSAI’s recommendation, there is an extend in the ban, until all labs at ports are modernized to test the chemical. The ban was initially imposed in September 2008 and has been extended subsequently from time to time.
Note that: India is the world’s largest producer and consumer of milk. It produces around 150 million tonne milk annually. Uttar Pradesh the leading state in milk production followed by Rajasthan and Gujarat. Although India does not import milk, milk products from China, it has imposed the ban as a preventive measure.
- The Indian Army has begun online registration of women for recruitment as soldiers into the military police. The move comes three months after the Government announced that women would be inducted into the force in the Personnel Below Officer Rank category in a graded manner to eventually comprise 20% of the total Corps of Military Police.
Note that: So far, women were allowed in select areas such as medical, legal, educational, signals and engineering wings of the Army. The appointment of women in Military Police is a huge step towards further empowering women and improving their representation in the Indian armed forces.
- Indian Army has signed a Memorandum of Understanding with National Hydroelectric Power Corporation, to build four underground tunnels along China and Pakistan borders for storage of ammunition and other war-related equipment.
Note that: Three tunnels will be built along Chinese border and one tunnel will be build along the Pakistan border. The tunnel can store 175-200 metric tonnes of ammunition and the cost of this pilot project is around Rs 15 crore.
- On 26th April 2019, The Indian Council of Medical Research has launched the Malaria Elimination Research Alliance India, which is a conglomeration of partners working on malaria control in order to eliminate the disease from India by 2030.
Note that: The National Vector Borne Diseases Control Programme of India has developed a comprehensive framework to achieve the target of Malaria free India by 2030 and for this reason the Malaria Elimination Research Alliance India established.
- The Indian Institute of Management Bangalore’s (IIM-B) post-graduate programme in Enterprise Management has secured the 12th rank in APAC listing and came 61st globally in the QS Executive MBA Rankings 2019.
With this, it became the only Indian B-school to secure a place among the top 100 B-Schools across the world.
Note that: IIM-B also ranked first place under the Management category in the National Institutional Ranking Framework Rankings 2019.
- A federation of 25 Himas or Khasi kingdoms plans to revisit the 1948 agreements that made present-day Meghalaya a part of India. The revisiting aimed to safeguard tribal customs and traditions from Central laws in force or could be enacted, such as the Citizenship Bill. The 25 Khasi states had signed the Instrument of Accession and Annexed Agreement with the Dominion of India in 1948.
Note that: The conditional treaty with these states was signed by Governor General Chakravarty Rajagopalachari on August 17, 1948. The Constitution of India also provided Special provision for these state in Article 371C for Manipur and Article 371B for Assam.
- The second edition of Rabindranath Tagore Literary Prize has been awarded to author Rana Dasgupta for his 2010 novel ‘Solo’. Solo is a tale of estrangement and the ultimate failure of material existence. Rabindranath Tagore Literary Prize is a legacy to Rabindranath Tagore for his outstanding contribution to Indian and international literature as well as to the cultural, educational and humane ideas he pursued throughout his life.
Note that: The award is organised by the Maitreya Publishing Foundation. It is only awarded to Indian poets, playwrights and novelists who are writing either in languages or dialects of the Indian subcontinent or in English.
- The country’s first project to research on cell-based meat, also called clean meat, would be taken up at the Centre for Cellular and Molecular Biology. Department of Biotechnology decided to give Rs. 4.5 crore for the two-year work as the initial grant. Clean meat would be produced through cellular agriculture with cells sourced from animals and cultivated into meat.
Note that: The Atal Incubation Centre of the CCMB is working towards promoting clean meat sector. It aims to feed 10 billion people by 2050 by creating a platform for tasty and affordable protein.
International Current Affairs Capsule – 27 April 2019
- Scientists at the Council of Scientific & Industrial Research – Centre for Cellular and Molecular Biology have isolated an anti-microbial protein found in the milk of an egg-laying mammal called Echidna. The protein promises to serve as an alternative to antibiotics used on livestock. The milk of the echidna has a protein that can puncture the cell membranes of multiple bacterial species, thus destroying the source of infection.
Note that: Echidnas, also known as spiny anteaters, are unique egg-laying mammals found only in Australia and New Guinea. They are the egg-laying mammals.
- NASA’s robotic probe In-Sight has detected and measured a probable seismological tremor on Mars. NASA has labelled the tremor a Marsquake. The seismic event was recorded by In-Sight’s seismometer called the Seismic Experiment for Interior Structure.
Note that: The mission is part of NASA’s Discovery Program for highly focused science missions that ask critical questions in solar system science. It is managed by NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory. The mission was launched in May 2018 aboard an Atlas V-401 rocket. It had successfully landed at Elysium Planitia on Mars in November 2018.
- On 25th April 2019, Japanese scientists have successfully created the first-ever artificial crater on an asteroid, which gave some clue on how the solar system evolved. According to Yuichi Tsuda, project manager of Hayabusa2 confirmed the crater from images captured by the probe located 1,700 meters from the asteroid’s surface.
Note that: Hayabusa2 space probe shot a projectile at the Ryugu asteroid around 340 million kilometers from Earth, as part of the probe’s mission to explore the origin of life and the evolution of the solar system.
- April 26, 2019 was observed as a World Intellectual Property Day across the globe with a theme of Reach for Gold: IP and Sports. The objective is to increase awareness about the role intellectual rights play in encouraging creativity and innovation. First time in the year 2000, the General assembly of the World Intellectual Property Organisation pronounced April 26 as a World Intellectual Property Day.
Note that: World Intellectual Property Organisation is a specialized agency of the United Nations, worked together with different non-governmental organization, and international agencies to promote this day.
- The United States has begun trade skirmishes with India. It objects India for increasing import duties on electronic goods and wants India to reduce duties on U.S. made motorcycles. Free trade means if each person would do only what he or she does better than everyone else and all would trade with each other, everyone’s welfare will increase.
- Scientists have created a virtual vocal tract completes with lips, jaw and tongue which is able to generate natural-sounding synthetic speech by using brain signals. The brain-machine interface is created by neuroscientists at University of California, San Francisco in the United States.
Note that: The Apparatus consists of two neural network machine learning algorithms. These algorithms have produced sentences that were understandable to hundreds of human listeners in crowd sourced transcription tests.
Economics Today’s Current Affair Capsule – 27 April 2019
- The State Bank of India has launched India’s first Green Car Loan to encourage customers to buy electric vehicles. This new scheme will offer loan at 20 basis points lower than the interest rate on the existing car loan schemes. The EMI per Rs 1 lakh will be lower at Rs 1,468 for 96 months against Rs 1,622 for 84 months, based on the maximum tenor.
Note that: SBI has already notified 100% migration to Electric Vehicles by 2030 in order to decrease carbon footprints, thus being in line with the government’s pledge of ensuring 30% EVs on road by 2030. SBI along with Wipro joined the Climate Group’s EV100 initiative for enhancing the launch of electric vehicles worldwide.
- Seattle based tech giant Microsoft has reached a valuation of $1 trillion for the first time after a jump in stock valuation that followed a qualitative-laden third fiscal quarter and has again taken over Apple as the world’s most valuable company.
Note that: Microsoft has become the third company to cross that once-unimaginable line following Apple, earned in August 2018 and Amazon, earned in September 2018.
- The Finance Ministry of India has introduced changes in the e-way bill system. The changes were brought in to crack down on Good and Services Tax evaders. The E-way bill must be raised before the goods are shipped and should include details of the goods, their consignor, recipient and transporter. The transporter has to carry the invoice as well as the copy of E-way bill as support documents for the movement of goods.
Note that: The E-way bill is an electronic document to be generated online under the GST system when goods of the value of more than Rs. 50,000 are shipped. However, failure to produce an e-way bill can attract a penalty of Rs 10,000 or amount of tax sought to be evaded whichever is higher.
Sports Current Affairs – 27 April 2019
- In Badminton, shuttlers PV Sindhu, Saina Nehwal and Sameer Verma advanced to the quarterfinal of Asia Championships being held in Wuhan, China after winning their Round 16 matches.
- In Wrestling, India’s Divya Kakran and Manju Kumari bagged bronze medals for the country in the women’s competition of the Asian Championships in Xi’an, China.
- India bagged four medals, including a Gold, on the final day of the Asian Athletics Championships at Doha in Qatar. India had won 29 medals – 12 Gold, 5 Silver and 12 Bronze in the last edition in Bhubaneswar in 2017, topping the medal tally for the first time.
- Indian cricketer, Ajinkya Madhukar Rahane became the first overseas player from India to represent Hampshire and he will replace Aiden Kyle Markram, who will join the national team for the World Cup. He is going to feature in eight Specsavers County Championship fixtures throughout May, June and start of July, 2019.
Note that: It is expected to make his debut against Warwickshire at Edgbaston from 14 May, 2019.
- India’s Divyansh Singh Panwar secured the country’s fourth Olympic quota place in shooting by winning a silver in the ISSF World Cup in Beijing. Divyansh finished second in the 10m air rifle event in the International Shooting Sport Federation World Cup for pistol and rifle shooters.
“Current Affairs Questions for UPSC IAS Prelims – 27 April 2019 “
Q1. Who was recently named as brand ambassador of Indo-American Arts Council (IAAC)?
• A) Sid Kapoor
• B) Hemant Bajwa
• C) Vikas Khanna
• D) Reshma Munjal
Q2. Who became the 1st Italian to win an ATP Masters 1000 title?
• A) Fabio Fognini
• B) Dusan Lajovic
• C) Gustavo Kuerten
• D) Andrey Rublev
Q3. The government recently extended the ban on import of milk and its products, from which among the following countries?
• A) US
• B) China
• C) Russia
• D) France
Q4. ________ in coordination with the WHO recently launched the world’s first malaria vaccine in a landmark pilot programme.
• A) India
• B) Israel
• C) France
• D) Malawi
Q5. UN English Language Day is observed annually on ________.
• A) 21st April
• B) 23rd April
• C) 25th April
• D) 27th April
Q6. The second edition of Rabindranath Tagore Literary Prize was awarded to ___________ recently.
• A) Rana Dasgupta
• B) Manohar Lal
• C) Sudhir Mathur
• D) Renuka Chopra
Q7. HUAWEI CLOUD and _______ recently signed a memorandum on strategic cooperation to help enterprise customers transition quickly to the digital cloud.
• A) TCS
• B) MindTree
• C) Infosys
• D) Uber
Q8. Utkarsh Bangla’ scheme was recently awarded the prestigious WSIS award of the United Nations. It is being implemented by which among the following governments?
• A) Odisha
• B) West Bengal
• C) Telangana
• D) Kerala
Q9. Which among the following launched the country’s first ‘Green Car Loan’ to encourage customers to buy electric vehicles?
• A) SBI
• B) Bank of Baroda
• C) ICICI Bank
• D) HDFC Bank
Q10. ___________ has exited the NHB & the National Bank for Agriculture & Rural Development by selling its entire stakes.
• A) RBI
• B) Finance Ministry
• C) Infosys
• D) TCS
Answer these questions in the comments below. We encourage you to discuss your thoughts on the news and issues mentioned in today’s current affairs post. The idea is to promote healthy discussions on interesting issues to make preparation fun. Have a good day!