This Daily Current Affair Capsule aims to be a time-saving tool for going through relevant news from national dailies and government releases on PIB. Aspirants for UPSC IAS, CDS, SSC CGL, NDA, etc. will find it highly useful to cover for revision and awareness purposes.
National Important Current Affairs – 27 March 2018
■ Social activist Anna Hazare, who is back at the Ramlila ground in the Capital after seven years for an indefinite hunger strike, has targeted the Prime Minister Narendra Modi-led NDA government for failing to fulfil promises to appoint Lokpal at the Centre and Lokayuktas in States. The Central government has also not honoured its pre-poll promise to implement the Swaminathan Commission report, which had suggested ways to address the farmers’ distress. Hazare also complained that media had not been giving his ‘Jan Andolan Satyagraha’ similar coverage as it did during his 2011 anti-corruption movement. Hazare has made a tripartite demand for a better electoral process, solution to farmer distress as well as the implementation of a robust Lokpal Act. His demand for this ‘Jan Andolan Satyagraha’ is “Saksham Kisan, Sashakt Lokpal, Chunaav Sudhaar”. He has said that the electoral process should be made better with NOTA being given the status of ‘Right To Reject’ and totaliser machines should be used for counting votes in an election.
■ The Maharashtra Legislative Assembly has unanimously passed a resolution recommending the Centre to rename the Kolhapur airport as the ‘Chhatrapati Rajaram Maharaj Airport’.
■ The Ministry of External Affairs (MEA) has launched the first of its kind initiative titled ‘Videsh Aaya Pradesh ke Dwaar’ in Hyderabad, which is a key centre for Telugu and Urdu media. The purpose of this initiative is to create a pool of media professionals interested in foreign policy and guide them in connecting with the MEA.
This initiative is for MEA’s engagement with the regional media based in different cities across India who have carved their own space and have a unique and wide readership profile.
■ The defence ministry has come out with a draft policy on defence production. The aim of the guidelines is to make India one of the top five manufacturers of defence platforms with the active participation of public and private sectors.The government aims to make India self-reliant in defence production as well as fulfil demand of other friendly countries. Presently, India is one of the world’s largest importer of military platforms and weapons.
The policy envisages achieving a turnover of Rs 1,70,000 crore in military goods and services by 2025 by promoting the domestic defence industry. It lists an aim for achieving export of Rs 35,000 crore in military equipment and services by 2025 by promoting the domestic defence industry. The licensing process for defence industries will be liberalised and the list of items requiring licences will be reviewed and pruned. The tax regime will be rationalised to make domestic manufacturing attractive by ensuring that there is no tax inversion. The taxes on the import of capital goods and services, inputs and components used in defence production will also be rationalised.
The government has identified 12 military platforms and weapons systems (fighter aircraft, medium lift and utility helicopters, warships, land combat vehicles, missile systems, gun systems, small arms, ammunition and explosives, surveillance systems, electronic warfare (EW) systems and night fighting enablers) for production in India to achieve the aim of “self-reliance”.
■ The Telangana Assembly has also passed a bill making the teaching of Telugu language in schools compulsory. According to the Telangana (Compulsory Teaching and Learning of Telugu in Schools) Act, this language will be a mandatory subject for Classes 1-10 from the upcoming academic session.
■ The ‘2018 National Conference on Down Syndrome’ had been organised by the National Trust under the Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment in New Delhi. A book entitled “Twilights Children” based on the lives of the persons suffering from Down Syndrome was also released on the occasion.
Note that: Down Syndrome is a chromosomal condition associated with intellectual and learning disabilities.
■ Rural Development Minister Narendra Singh Tomar has inaugurated the Saras Aajeevika Mela at Pragati Maidan in New Delhi. The Aajeevika Programme and Self Help Groups have given the much needed employment to rural population specially women. The programme has been successful in bringing a socio-economic change in the lives of the rural women. The Minister also announced that from now onwards two Saras melas will be organized in each state.
■ The 11th Rashtriya Rifles Biennial Conference is being conducted at Nagrota in Jammu and Kashmir (J&K). The event chaired by Chief of the Army Staff has been attended by Army Commander Northern Command, Director General Rashtriya Rifles, Corps Commander 15 and 16 Corps and all General Officers Commanding Counter Insurgency Forces.
Note that: The Rashtriya Rifles (RR) is a counter-insurgency branch of the Indian Army under the authority of the Union Ministry of Defence. The RR is made up of soldiers deputed from other parts of the Indian Army. The force is currently deployed in the state of Jammu and Kashmir.
International Current Affairs Capsule – 27 March 2018
■ On the sidelines of the ‘Second Laureates and Leaders for Children Summit 2018′ held in Jordan, Nobel Laureates and human rights activists have called for an immediate global endeavour in order to solve the crisis faced by millions of children in conflict-hit Syria and Yemen. The international communities have allegedly failed to take concrete action to protect the people of Syria and Yemen.
About the Laureates and Leaders for Children organisation: It has been established by Nobel Laureate Kailash Satyarthi in 2016. The summit was held under the patronage of Jordan King Abdullah, to ensure that every child, especially children in the most vulnerable sections of the world, are free, safe, educated and healthy. The first summit was hosted by former president Pranab Mukherjee in New Delhi in 2016.
The Laureates and Leaders for Children summit is meant to demand a more sustainable and forward-thinking leadership to safeguard the future of the world’s children, particularly in the face of global challenges and chronic social challenges impacting communities worldwide.
Note that: More than 5.6 million Syrians have fled the country as refugees, according to the UNHCR.
■ Over a 100 Russian diplomats have been expelled by Western countries following allegation over the use of a nerve agent attack on a former Russian spy Sergei Skirpal and his daughter in Salisbury in Britain. This action has been taken in solidarity with the UK, which had expelled 23 Russian diplomats. The 18 countries include the United States and several European countries. The United States has expelled 60 Russian diplomats, describing them as intelligence officers and also ordered the closure of the Russian consulate in Seattle.
Note that: This is the biggest Western expulsion of Russian diplomats since the top of Cold War.
■ The South Asian Cinema Foundation (SACF), which is a London-based organisation, has been awarded the Frederick Pincott Award for 2017 for promoting Hindi cinema in Britain for the last 18 years and as a result has also served the cause of dissemination of the Hindi language. The SACF has been active in boosting original research and books on Indian films, also inviting and honouring filmmakers from India, along with documentary filmmaking and producing classic silent films at the British Film Institute (BFI).
Economics Today’s Current Affair Capsule – 27 March 2018
■ Hong Kong will pay its 2.8 million citizens a cash handout of up to HK$4,000 (over Rs 33,000) amid reports of a Rs 1-lakh crore surplus in its annual budget. These beneficiaries will include those who did not directly benefit from the budget, including the ones who do not own property or receive any government allowances.
This money will be given to Hong Kong residents aged 18 years or above who do not own property, do not receive any government allowances, and not pay income tax for the ongoing current financial year. Those who meet the first two criteria, but still pay income tax and are also eligible for the tax breaks announced in the budget, they can claim the difference between HK$4,000 and the concessionary amount.
Sports Current Affairs – 27 March 2018
■ Australian captain Steve Smith has relinquished the captaincy of Rajasthan Royals in the upcoming 11th edition of Indian Premier League. India’s Test vice-captain Ajinkya Rahane will be the new skipper of Rajasthan Royals. Steve’s decision to step down has come in the wake of the severe backlash he is facing after admitting to ball tampering during the third Test against South Africa.
■ India Under-16 team has won the U-17 Jockey Cup International Youth Invitational Football tournament 2018 by defeating hosts Hong Kong in the final by 4-2. This is India’s third consecutive victory in as many days.
The Indian team has already qualified for the AFC Under-16 Finals from where the top four teams will make it to the FIFA Under-17 World Cup.
“Current Affairs Questions for UPSC IAS Prelims – 27 March 2018 “
Q1. Who has been nominated as India’s representative to Executive Board of UNESCO?
A) J S Rajput
B) Ravish Kumar
C) Suraj Gupta
D) Priyank Sen
Q2. Which hockey team has won the 8th Hockey India Senior Men National Championship 2018?
A) Petroleum Sports Promotion Board
B) Hockey Kerala
C) Railway Sports Promotion Board
D) Hockey Punjab
Q3. The world’s longest sandstone cave has discovered in which state of India?
C) Arunachal Pradesh
Q4. What is the theme of 2018 International Day of Remembrance of the Victims of Slavery and Transatlantic Slave Trade?
A) Women and Slavery
B) Breaking the Silence, Lest We Forget
C) Remember Slavery: Triumphs and Struggles for Freedom and Equality
D) Women and Slavery: Honour the African Diaspora
Q5. The first-ever International Exhibition of Graphic Prints ‘Print Biennale India 2018′, hosted by Lalit Kala Akademi, has started in which city?
B) New Delhi
Answer these questions in the comments below. We encourage you to discuss your thoughts on the news and issues mentioned in today’s current affairs post. The idea is to promote healthy discussions on interesting issues to make preparation fun. Have a good day!