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National Daily Current Affairs Capsule – 28 February 2017
■ The city of Ahmedabad (Gujarat) has celebrated its 606th foundation day on Sunday. It was founded on advice from Manek Nath, a seer, who advised the city’s founder Ahmed Shah I to begin the construction of Manek Burj, the foundation bastion of the city on 26th February 1411.
- Note that : Ahmedabad is the sixth largest city and seventh largest metropolitan area of India.
■ According to a report, India continues to be the source of the illegal trade and export of tortoises and freshwater turtles (TFT). The detection of a staggering 58,442 smuggled amphibians over five years, demonstrates the persistence of the illegal trade despite increasing enforcement.
- Apart from the Ganga and its tributaries, TFTs have been poached in rivers of the Western Ghats and, in smaller numbers, in the Eastern Ghats.
- While domestic consumption of turtle meat in West Bengal and Bangladesh continues, it is the international export to south-east Asian countries and China that rake in profits for smugglers.
There is a surge in trade of turtles even though enforcement has become stricter, the ease of transporting thousands of turtle hatchlings in bags has led the trade to continue unhindered.
■ Railway Minister Suresh Prabhu has launched the country’s first Antyodaya Express between Ernakulam and Howrah. The train service was inaugurated by the Railways Minister via video conferencing in New Delhi.
- Antyodaya Express is a long-distance, fully unreserved, superfast train service, for the common man to be operated on dense routes.
- The new express train will have facilities like cushioned luggage racks which can serve as seats, LED lights, modular toilets, pleasing interior colour scheme and others.
■ The railways will soon manufacture its own train sets that can run at a maximum speed of 160 kilometre per hour, after its global bid in this regard failed to elicit positive response.
- It is named ‘Train-2018’, the first train set likely to be put into service in Delhi-Lucknow or Delhi-Chandigarh sector.
- Aiming to offer both comfort and pace to passengers, the project will roll out semi-high speed, 16-coach train sets with quicker acceleration and world-class passenger amenities.
- Equipped with bio-toilets, all coaches in the fully AC train set will be inter-connected so that passengers can move from one coach to other with ease.
The railways had floated a global tender for procurement-cum-maintenance and manufacture of 15 train sets with 315 coaches in June, 2015. Though five bidders had qualified for the initial round, they did not find the offer viable and asked for raising the tender size to 1,000 coaches.
■ India and Germany have ratified the Social Security Agreement (SSA), which will come into force from May 1 this year, to help promote more investment flows between the two countries. The agreement establishes the rights and obligations of nationals of both countries and provides for their equal treatment and unrestricted payment of pensions even in case of residence in the other contracting state (benefits export principle).
- Till date, India has signed and operationalised similar agreements with 18 countries, including Australia, Belgium, Canada, France, South Korea, Germany and Japan.
International News Current Affairs Updates – 28 February 2017
■ New words have been added to the oxforddictionaries which have emerged during the US Presidential elections.
- ‘Clicktivism‘ (a word for armchair activists on social media)
- ‘Otherize‘ (viewing a group of people as intrinsically different from oneself)
- ‘Haterade‘ (excessive criticism).
■ International Monetary Fund‘s Annual Report said that the sanctions imposed by Trump administration on Iran is dampening its economic sentiment. These comments came after Trump administration imposed new sanctions early this month on individuals and companies supporting Iran’s ballistic missile program and the Revolutionary Guards military force.
■ Baharin is planning to enhance air connectivity with India and other Asian countries. India represents 20% of Bahrain’s air traffic and this market is set to grow between five and 7% in the near term. Bahrain has a large segment of expatriate workers and business-people from India, which gives it large potential for high traffic numbers.
■ Australian Prime Minister Malcolm Turnbull and Indonesian President Joko Widodo have agreed to restore full military cooperation between the two countries.
■ China is constructing its first overseas military base in Djibouti, close to Camp Lemonnier which is one of the USA’s largest and most important foreign installations.
- About Camp Lemonnier: It was established after the terrorist attacks of Sept. 11, 2001. Home to 4,000 personnel, involved in highly secretive missions. The base is the only permanent U.S. military installation in Africa.
- About Dijbouti: Djibouti, is a country located in the Horn of Africa. It is bordered by Eritrea in the north, Ethiopia in the west and south, and Somalia in the southeast. In the east, the border is formed by the Red Sea and the Gulf of Aden.
■ The Academy Awards / Oscars 2017 have been given to the following :
- The Barry Jenkins directorial ‘Moonlight‘ has won the Oscar for ‘Best Picture’.
- Emma Stone won Best Actress award for ‘La La Land’.
- Casey Affleck was named Best Actor for ‘Manchester By The Sea’.
- ‘La La Land’ Director Damien Chazelle, who is 32 years and 38 days old, became the youngest to win the Oscar for Best Director.
- American actor Mahershala Ali became the first Muslim actor to win an Oscars. He was named Best Supporting Actor for ‘Moonlight’.
- ‘The Salesman‘, the Iranian film by director Asghar Farhadi, was named the Best Foreign Language Film.
- A musical tribute was paid to Indian actor Om Puri, who passed away on January 6 this year, during the ‘In Memorium’ segment. Puri starred in Hollywood films like ‘The Hundred-Foot Journey’.
Economics Today’s Current Affairs Download – 28 February 2017
■ According to New World Wealth report, Mumbai is the richest city in India followed by Delhi and Bengaluru at the second and third place, respectively.
- Mumbai is home to 46,000 millionaires and 28 billionaires, along with a total wealth of $820 billion.
- The total wealth held in the country amounts to USD 6.2 trillion (as of December 2016) and India is home to 264,000 millionaires and 95 billionaires in total.
■ Market Regulator Securities and Exchange Board of India -SEBI’s outgoing Chief UK Sinha said that SEBI is working on a new set of regulations to check misuse of social and digital media platforms. Social media is a very powerful tool and messages can be replicated multiple times.
28 February 2017 – Sports Current Affairs Download
■ India has won it’s 1st Gold medal of ISSF World Cup in Delhi in 10m Pistol Mixed team event. Indian shooters Jitu Rai and Heena Sidhu have clinched the gold medal by defeating Japan in the event’s final. Earlier, Pooja Ghatkar had won the women’s 10m air rifle bronze medal at the competition.
Questions to test your General Knowledge :
Q1. The Oscars honors are given for what ?
- Highest grossing artists and films
- Excellence in cinematic achievements
- Merit in performing arts
- None of these
Q2. Which is the largest city in India?
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