This Daily Current Affair Capsule aims to be a time-saving tool for going through relevant news from national dailies and government releases on PIB. Aspirants for UPSC IAS, CDS, SSC CGL, NDA, etc. will find it highly useful to cover for revision and awareness purposes.
National Important Current Affairs – 28 March 2018
■ The Election Commission has announced single phase Assembly election for the state of Karnataka. All the 224-Assembly constituencies, including 36 reserved for Scheduled Castes and 15 for Scheduled Tribes, will be held on May 12. April 24 will be the last date for filing nominations and April 27 will be the last date for withdrawal of the same.
■ Surat has become the first district in the country to be 100% solar powered Primary Health Centers (PHC). There are a total of 52 PHCs in the district and all of them are now powered by the solar energy. It’s objective is to combat the issue of global warming by bringing down the electricity bill by 40% but also help fight global warming.
■ The government has initiated the process of the sale of more than 9,400 enemy properties by issuing guidelines and directing the office of the custodian to submit the list of all such movable and immovable assets within three months. This sale of enemy properties is expected to fetch around Rs 1 lakh crore for the government treasury.
This comes after the amendment of the Enemy Property (Amendment and Validation) Act 2017 and the Enemy Property (Amendment) Rules, 2018, which ensured that the heirs of those who migrated to Pakistan and China during partition and afterwards will have no claim over the properties left behind in India.
Note that: There are 9,280 properties left behind by Pakistani nationals and 126 properties which belonged to Chinese nationals.
About enemy properties:
When wars broke out between India and China in 1962, and India and Pakistan in 1965 and 1971, the central government took over properties of citizens of China and Pakistan in India under the Defence of India Acts. These Acts defined an ‘enemy’ as a country that committed an act of aggression against India, and its citizens. The properties of enemies in India were classified as enemy property. The properties included land, buildings, shares held in companies, gold and jewellery of the citizens of enemy countries.
The responsibility of the administration of enemy properties was handed over to the Custodian of Enemy Property, an office under the central government.
■ In order to create public awareness in judicial matters, the central government is going to install ‘Justice Clocks’ at all 24 high courts soon. These clocks will have a LED display boards showing the daily rate of disposal of cases, pending cases and performance-based ranking of the courts. The LED display across all the 24 High Courts will show the same thing.
The idea of Justice Clock was floated by Prime Minister Narendra Modi last year, to create public awareness in judicial matters. It is set to be later implemented in all subordinate courts across the country also.
■ National Conference on Down Syndrome was recently inaugurated in New Delhi, to provide opportunities to the parents to obtain information about latest development in education and skilling and inclusive living of persons with Down Syndrome. The Conference was organized by National Trust for the welfare of persons with Autism, Cerebral Palsy, Mental Retardation and Multiple Disabilities under Ministry of Social Justice & Empowerment in collaboration with Muskaan, a registered organisation of the National Trust.
About Down Syndrome: Down Syndrome is a chromosomal condition associated with intellectual and learning disabilities. Persons with Down Syndrome have 47 chromosomes as compared to 46 in majority of people. This one Extra chromosome causes its own impact and slows down learning process. It impacts neurological functioning causing impairment of intellectual functions e.g. analytical thinking, complex abstractions and judgement etc.
About the National Trust for the welfare of persons with Autism, Cerebral Palsy, Mental Retardation and Multiple Disabilities: It is a Statutory Body under Department of Empowerment of Persons with Disabilities (Divyangjan), Ministry of Social Justice & Empowerment. The National Trust has been set up to discharge two basic duties – legal (through Local Level Committee (LLC) set up at district level under the chairmanship of the District Collector) and welfare (through the schemes and activities).
■ Celebrated Malayali Indian painter and artist, Raja Ravi Varma’s untitled painting of Tilottama sold for Rs 5.17 crore at Sotheby’s New York sale of Modern and Contemporary South Asian Art. Raja Ravi Varma, has been declared a national treasure by the Indian government in 1979, he eschewed Western subject matter and often illustrated myriad stories from Vedic mythology as well as the Ramayana and Mahabharata.
International Current Affairs Capsule – 28 March 2018
■ North Korean leader Kim Jong Un paid a surprise visit to Chinese premier Xi Jinping. The “unofficial visit” to Beijing is Kim’s first international visit since taking up power in 2011. The last visit made by a North Korean leader to China was by Kim’s father, Kim Jong II, in 2011. The two leaders reportedly held talks on the situation on the Korean Peninsula and the present global scenario in which there is mounting pressure on North Korea to denuclearize.
Note that: Kim is expected to meet US President Donald Trump and South Korean President Moon Jae-In in the coming months. His trip to Beijing is being seen as an attempt to consult with his ally before holding these talks with Washington and Seoul.
■ The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) has partnered with private space launching company SpaceX to launch Transiting Exoplanet Survey Satellite (TESS) to search for exoplanets using the transit method.
The TESS is designed to carry out first spaceborne all-sky transiting exoplanet survey. It will be launched on board of SpaceX’s Falcon 9 rocket from the Cape Canaveral Air Force Station in April this year.
■ China’s prototype space station, Tiangong-1 translating to “heavenly place”, is falling to Earth and could re-enter the atmosphere as soon as this week. It is not yet certain where would it hit, if any parts of it remain intact even after the burnout in the atmosphere. While most of the eight-tonne spacecraft is expected to burn up as it plummets through the atmosphere, there is a chance some of it will survive all the way down to the surface.
The 1972 Convention on International Liability for Damage Caused by Space Objects states that the launching state is liable to pay for any damage caused by the space objects.
Note that: Tiangong-1 was China’s first space station, it was visited by astronauts, including China’s first female astronaut, Liu Yang, in 2012.
Economics Today’s Current Affair Capsule – 28 March 2018
■ Madhya Pradesh has filed a writ petition in the Madras High Court challenging an order passed by Assistant Registrar of Geographical Indications (GI) on March 15 excluding the State from being granted the GI tag for basmati rice. In May 2010, GI status was given to basmati grown only in Punjab, Haryana, Delhi, Himachal Pradesh, Uttrakhand and parts of western Uttar Pradesh and Jammu & Kashmir. However, Madhya Pradesh demands that its 13 districts be recognised as traditional Basmati growing regions. Madhya Pradesh says non-inclusion of the state in the basmati growing areas would have an adverse effect on the lives of farmers who mainly depend upon basmati cultivation and it will also affect the export potential.
About GI tag: A GI is primarily an agricultural, natural or a manufactured product (handicrafts and industrial goods) originating from a definite geographical territory. It conveys an assurance of quality and distinctiveness, which is essentially attributable to the place of its origin.
■ The issuer of Indian currency, Reserve Bank of India (RBI) has announced that it will issue Rs 350 coin to mark the 350th birth anniversary of Guru Gobind Singh Ji.
“Current Affairs Questions for UPSC IAS Prelims – 28 March 2018 “
Q1. The International Solar Alliance (ISA) has recently signed the Host Country Agreement with which country?
Q2. Which union ministry has launched 2018 Saras Aajeevika Mela in New Delhi?
A) Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment
B) Ministry of Women and Child Development
C) Ministry of Rural Development
D) Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare
Q3. Which Indian sportsperson has bagged gold in the men’s 25m Rapid Fire Pistol event at the 2018 ISSF Junior Shooting World Cup in Sydney?
A) Rajkanwar Singh
B) Anhad Jawanda
C) B Sainath
D) Anish Bhanwala
Q4. Which state has topped the list of states with most number of beggars, as per data released by Union ministry of Social Justice?
A) West Bengal
B) Andhra Pradesh
D) Uttar Pradesh
Q5. The Tribal Co-operative Marketing Federation of India (TRIFED) works under which union ministry?
A) Ministry of Rural Development
B) Ministry of Tribal Affairs
C) Ministry of Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises
D) Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment
Answer these questions in the comments below. We encourage you to discuss your thoughts on the news and issues mentioned in today’s current affairs post. The idea is to promote healthy discussions on interesting issues to make preparation fun. Have a good day!