This Daily Current Affair Capsule aims to be a time-saving tool for going through relevant news from national dailies and government releases on PIB. Aspirants for UPSC IAS, CDS, SSC CGL, NDA, etc. will find it highly useful to cover for revision and awareness purposes.
National Important Current Affairs – 30 April 2018
■ As part of Gram Swaraj Abhiyan, Ayushman Bharat Diwas was celebrated across the country on April 29th. The Ayushman Bharat programme seeks to provide easily available and affordable medical facilities in the remote parts of the country. The Ayushman Bharat has twin missions – The first is to create a network of Health and Wellness Centres to deliver comprehensive primary health care close to the community.
Secondly, it aims to provide insurance coverage to 40% of India’s population for secondary and tertiary care, including hospitalization costs. The Scheme aims to provide benefits cover of 5 lakh rupees per family per year. Through the scheme, the families belonging to poor and vulnerable population based on Socio-Economic Caste Census database will be benefited.
■ The Asia Pacific Regional Workshop of United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification (UNCCD), was recently held at New Delhi to build the capacity of the Asia-Pacific Region to monitor and report on land degradation.. It was jointly hosted by Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change (MoEFCC) and UNCCD; and was attended by delegates from about 40 Asia Pacific countries, as well as representatives from 12 Indian states affected by land degradation, researchers and scientists from scientific institutions of national importance.
The aim of this workshop was building capacity of Asia-Pacific Region to monitor and report on land degradation. The UNCCD is the only legally binding international agreement on land issues. The convention promotes good land stewardship.
■ Google Arts & Culture in partnership with Ministry of Tourism has unveiled 360-degree virtual reality (VR) video for global ‘Incredible India’ tourism campaign. Under this, Google Arts & Culture will provide users with an immersive 360-degree view of India’s heritage, festivity, spirituality and adventure.
■ Gujarati language poet, playwright, translator and academic, Sitanshu Yashaschandra has been selected for 27th Saraswati Samman 2017 for his poetry collection titled “Vakhar” published in 2009. The award is presented by the KK Birla Foundation, a literary and cultural organisation that also gives the Vyas Samman for Hindi and Bihari Puraskar for Hindi and Rajasthani writers of Rajasthan. It is one of the highest recognition in the field of Indian literature in the country and carries a citation, a plaque and award money of Rs 15 lakh.
■ The Dalmia Bharat Group has adopted Delhi’s Red Fort for a period of 5 years under”Adopt a Heritage” project. The Dalmia Bharat Limited has signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) with the Union Tourism Ministry to take up Red Fort (Delhi) and Gandikota Fort (Andhra Pradesh). By signing the contract, Dalmia Bharat has become the first corporate to be part of the initiative.
- Dalmia Bharat will look after the operations and the maintenance of these heritage sites for the next five years.
About Adopt an Heritage: The ‘Adopt a Heritage’ project is a unique endeavour by the Ministry of Tourism, which envisions in developing monuments, heritage and tourist sites across India to enhance their tourism potential and cultural importance. The adoption will allow the corporate to construct, landscape, illuminate and maintain activities related to provision and development of tourist amenities. It will include various basic and advanced amenities such as public conveniences, clean drinking water, and cleanliness of the monument among others. This group will also introduce other key amenities for the visitors like App based Multi lingual Audio-Guide, easy accessibility to the differently-abled visitors.
■ The Defence Acquisition Council (DAC), Defence Ministry’s highest decision-making body on procurement, chaired by Defence Minister Nirmala Sitharaman has cleared capital acquisition proposals of DRDO’s NAG missile system (NAMIS) for Indian Army and 127 mm calibre guns for Indian Navy, in a boost to indigenisation and in realisation of India’s growing technological prowess.
About NAG missile and the system: The NAG missile is a third generation anti-tank guided missile, which has top attack capabilities that can effectively engage and destroy all known enemy tanks during day and night. The system includes a third generation Anti-Tank Guided Missile, the NAG, along with the Missile Carrier Vehicle (NAMICA).
Developed by : Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO)
Strike range : 2.5km with fire and forget capabilities
About Defence Acquisition Council (DAC): It is meant to counter corruption and speed up decision- making in military procurement, the government of India in 2001 decided to set up an integrated DAC. It is headed by the Defence Minister. The objective of the DAC is to ensure expeditious procurement of the approved requirements of the Armed Forces, in terms of capabilities sought, and time frame prescribed, by optimally utilizing the allocated budgetary resources. The DAC is responsible to give policy guidelines to acquisitions, based on long-term procurement plans. It also clears all acquisitions, which includes both imported and those produced indigenously or under a foreign license.
■ The Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR) was awarded National Intellectual Property (IP) Award 2018 in category “Top R&D Institution/Organization for Patents and Commercialization”. The CSIR has been ranked 9th amongst 1,207 government institutions, with an overall global ranking of 75 covering 5,250 institutions.
The award was handed over by Union Commerce Minister Suresh Prabhu to mark the 2018 World Intellectual Property Day (WIPD) on 26th April.
About CSIR: The CSIR was established in 1942. It runs 38 laboratories and 39 field stations throughout the nation, with a collective staff of over 12,000 scientists and scientific and technical personnel. Although, it is mainly funded by the Ministry of Science and Technology, it operates as an autonomous body through the Societies Registration Act, 1860.
■ Sikkim Chief Minister Pawan Chamling has became the longest-serving Chief Minister in India, surpassing the record of Jyoti Basu, who had served as West Bengal CM from 1977 to 2000. Pawan Chamling, belongs to the Sikkim Democratic Front, became the Chief Minister in December 1994.
International Current Affairs Capsule – 30 April 2018
■ Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi held delegation-level talks with Chinese President Xi Jinping in Wuhan. Both the leaders discussed the importance of peace at the border and building trust between the militaries of the two nations. Modi spoke to Chinese President that the two countries have a big opportunity to work together for the benefit of their people and the world. Modi also offered to hold the next informal summit in India in 2019.
Note that: The Wuhan summit is being seen as an effort by India and China to rebuild trust and improve ties that were hit by the 73-day-long Doklam standoff last year (2017). China sees it as an effort to steer India away from the US-Japan axis in the changing geopolitics of the world.
■ North Korean leader Kim Jong-un has said he is willing to change the country’s clocks 30 minutes forward to unify with South Korea’s time zone. North Korea had earlier, put back its clocks by 30 minutes in 2015.
■ Zimbabwe has become the 2nd African nation to legalise the production of cannabis for medicinal or scientific purposes. Prior to its legalisation, production or possession of cannabis in Zimbabwe was punishable by up to 12 years in prison.
Note that: Lesotho Becomes First African Country to Legalize Marijuana for medicinal purposes in Spetember 2017.
■ On April 29, the 2018 International Buddhist Conference was held in Lumbini, the birth place of Gautama Buddha. It was organised as part of 2562nd Buddha Jayanti celebrations. It is meant to disseminate teachings of Gautam Buddha and spread the messages of nonviolence, brotherhood, co-existence, love and peace to the international community. The 2-day conference, organised with the theme ‘Lumbini Nepal: The birthplace of Lord Buddha and the fountain of Buddhism and world peace’, and concluded with a 10-point Lumbini Declaration 2018.
Economics Today’s Current Affair Capsule – 30 April 2018
■ Global credit rating agency Fitch has kept India’s sovereign rating unchanged at ‘BBB-‘ with a stable outlook. According to Fitch, BBB- rating balances India’s medium-term growth outlook and favourable external balances with weak fiscal finances and some lagging structural factors, such as governance standards and still-difficult but improving business environment.
■ The National Stock Exchange’s (NSE) arm India Index Services & Products Ltd (IISL) has launched Nifty equity savings index which will serve as a benchmark for equity saving funds offered by various mutual funds. This equity savings index will capture the performance of portfolio having exposure to equity, equity arbitrage and debt instruments in similar way to the investment philosophy of equity savings funds.
■ Vistara Airlines, the joint venture carrier between Tata Sons and Singapore Airlines, has become the 3rd Indian carrier to be a member of the International Air Transport Association (IATA), a global body of 280 airlines. The other airlines that are IATA members are Air India and Jet Airways.
The IATA membership will enable Vistara to collaborate with other international member airlines for codeshare and interline agreements, and provide a seamless travel experience through an extended global network to travellers to and from India. Currently, Vistara operates over 730 flights a week to 22 destinations with a fleet of 20 Airbus A320 aircraft.
About International Air Transport Association (IATA): It represents airlines from over 120 countries. It advocates for the interests of airlines across the globe, establishes standards to simplify process and increase passenger convenience, and helps airlines to operate safely, efficiently and economically.
Sports Current Affairs – 30 April 2018
■ Neeraj Chopra, the first-ever Indian to win javelin throw gold at the CWG, has been recommended for Khel Ratna Award, India’s highest sporting honour, by the Athletics Federation of India.
■ World number one Spanish professional tennis player and 16-time Grand Slam champion Rafael Nadal has won his 44th consecutive set on clay and registered his 400th win on the surface. Nadal has also extended his record of 46 consecutive sets won on clay. With this, Nadal also achieved a number of records, having achieved 400 career wins on clay. He has become the only player with 400 or more career wins on both clay and hard.
■ The Commonwealth Games Federation has affirmed that Shooting will not be a part of the CWG 2022.
Note that: India has recently won 16 medals in Shooting at the Gold Coast Commonwealth Games 2018.
“Current Affairs Questions for UPSC IAS Prelims – 30 April 2018 “
Q1.The Bureau of Indian Standards (BIS) has granted the first license for Liquid Chlorine on All India basis. The headquarters of BIS is located in which city?
D) New Delhi
Q2.What is the theme of the 2018 World Intellectual Property Day (WIPD)?
A) Creating the Future Today
B) Think, Imagine, Create
C) Innovation – Improving Lives
D) Powering Change: Women in Innovation and Creativity
Q3.Which country to host the world’s first-ever female foreign ministers’ meeting?
Q4.Who has become the first woman lawyer to be directly promoted as a judge of the Supreme Court (SC)?
A) Ranjana Prakash Desai
B) Ruma Pal
C) Indu Malhotra
D) Gyan Sudha Misra
Q5.Which city to host India’s first-ever nationwide food archaeology conference “ArchaeoBroma”?
B) New Delhi
Answer these questions in the comments below. We encourage you to discuss your thoughts on the news and issues mentioned in today’s current affairs post. The idea is to promote healthy discussions on interesting issues to make preparation fun. Have a good day!