Fall seven times and stand up eight.

― Japanese Proverb.

This post covers relevant news from national dailies and government releases for aspirants of examinations like UPSC IAS, CDS, SSC CGL, NDA, etc. It is highly useful for both, revision and awareness purposes.

National Important Current Affairs – 30 April 2019

  • The Union Home Ministry has decided to advance release the financial assistance of Rs 1086 crore for four states (Andhra Pradesh, Odisha, Tamil Nadu and West Bengal) to assist them in undertaking preventive and relief measures in response to cyclonic storm ‘Fani’. Around 200 crore rupees have been sanctioned for Andhra Pradesh, over 340 crore for Odisha, 309 crore for Tamil Nadu and 235 crore rupees for West Bengal.

Note that: Based on the decision of National Crisis Management Committee, this amount will be released to their State Disaster Response Fund.

About National Crisis Management Committee (NCMC): It has been constituted in the Cabinet Secretariat under the chairmanship of Cabinet Secretary for effective implementation of relief measures in the wake of a natural calamity.

 

  • Taking knowledge from European languages, most of which bears the Roman letter-based script, IIT Madras has developed a unified script for nine Indian languages, named the Bharati script. They have also developed a method for reading documents in Bharati script using a multi-lingual Optical Character Recognition scheme.

Note that: The scripts that have been integrated include Devnagari, Bengali, Gurmukhi, Gujarati, Oriya, Telugu, Kannada, Malayalam and Tamil. The team has also created a finger-spelling method that can be used to generate a sign language for hearing-impaired persons.

 

  • Maruti Suzuki, the country’s largest vehicle manufacturer is going to stop manufacturing diesel vehicles. This along with many other giants, pretty much marks the end of the road for the diesel mill in India. The main reason is not the fuel price differential, but the new emission norms that will come into effect on April 1, 2020.

Note that: The prohibitively high cost of upgrading diesel engines to meet the new BS-VI emission norms is why leading carmakers have pulled the plug on their diesel options.

 

  • Jamia Milia Islamia, New Delhi’s researchers have developed an ultrasensitive quantum thermometer using graphene quantum dots. The thermometer can precisely measure a wide range of temperature from 27 degree Centigrade to minus 196 degree Centigrade.

Note that: The device can find widespread applications in cryogenic temperature sensing. It will be quite useful in the pharmaceutical industry, healthcare to measure the incubation temperature of biological cells and molecules. It will also be useful for automobile industry to measure the ignition temperature within the engine.

 

International Current Affairs Capsule – 30 April 2019

  • Sri Lankan government has appointed former army commander General SH Shantha Kottegoda as new Defence Secretary after his predecessor had resigned in wake of attacks. The changes came in wake of security lapse despite intelligence inputs of the attacks of Easter Sunday.

 

  • Royal Turtles formally classified as Southern River Terrapins have been released into a remote stretch of a Cambodian river. They are known as Royal turtle because it was historically protected by a royal decree and the eggs were considered a delicacy reserved for the king.

Note that: Royal Turtles are the classified as Critically endangered in IUCN Red List. They are found in Malaysia, Indonesia and Cambodia. They are on the brink of extinction because of hunting, trafficking, and illegal sand mining.

 

  • 5th Asia Pacific Broadcasting Union Media Summit on Climate Action and Disaster Preparedness was held recently in Kathmandu, Nepal. Kathmandu Media Action Plan for Media Integration in Climate Action and Disaster Risk Reduction was adopted at summit. The theme was Media Solutions for Sustainable Future – Saving Lives and Building Resilient Communities.

Note that: Asia-Pacific Broadcasting Union (ABU) is a non-profit, non-governmental, non- political, professional association of broadcasting organizations, which assist development of broadcasting in region. ABU is also a member of the World Broadcasters’ Union.

 

Economics Today’s Current Affair Capsule – 30 April 2019

  • According to The Economic Times, India’s Central Bank and the Reserve Bank of India would tighten rules on opening and operating current accounts of corporate borrowers to prevent the diversion of funds. The rules would be applicable to corporates who have borrowed and used credit facilities of more than Rs 50 crore from the banking system.

Note that: Customers using credit facility of Rs 5 to Rs 50 crore can also open current accounts with any bank, even if it is not the consortium’s leading bank.

 

  • Five years after its launch, the Pradhan Mantri Jan Dhan Yojana (PMJDY) scheme has almost achieved a total balance of Rs 1-lakh crore. According to the recent data, the total balance in these basic bank accounts, sums at Rs. 99,752 crore with 35.50 crore beneficiaries. The scheme mainly focuses on rural areas with primacy given to women. Female beneficiaries were 18.88 crore.

Note that: The primary aim of this scheme is to provide poor people access to bank accounts. The scheme covers urban and rural areas of India. All bank accounts will be linked to a debit card which would be issued under the Ru-Pay scheme. 

 

Sports Current Affairs – 30 April 2019

  • The Wrestling Federation of India recommended Bajrang Punia and Vinesh Phogat for the country’s highest sporting honour – the Rajeev Gandhi Khel Ratna award.  

Note that: The Rajeev Gandhi Khel Ratna in Sports and Games is the highest sporting honor of the Republic of India. The award is named after Rajeev Gandhi, former Prime Minister of India.

 

  • Indian Professional Golfer, Gaganjeet Bhullar has been awarded outstanding achievement as a player award at the Fourth Edition of the annual India Golf Industry Association award for the year 2019 at the Delhi Golf Club.

The GIA awards were held along with Eighth edition of South Asia’s largest trade show, India Golf and Turf Expo. Gaganjeet Bhullar has been awarded Arjuna Award in 2013.

 

  • The 42nd edition of Porsche Tennis Grand Prix has held in Porsche Arena in Stuttgart, Germany from April 22 to April 28, 2019. It was a women’s tennis tournament played on the indoor clay courts and a part of the Premier tournaments of the 2019 Women’s Tennis Association tour.

 

“Current Affairs Questions for UPSC IAS Prelims – 30 April 2019 “

Q1. _____ has issued its first-ever guidance for how much screen time that children under five should get.
• A) UNICEF
• B) WHO
• C) CARE
• D) Amnesty International

 

Q2. _______ has reached a valuation of one trillion dollars for the first time, making it the third publicly-traded company in history to reach the threshold.
• A) Walmart
• B) Alibaba
• C) Microsoft
• D) Infosys

 

Q3. Which among the following has named Javier Pérez-Tasso as its new CEO?
• A) SWIFT
• B) MV Transportation
• C) The Economist
• D) Tata Elxsi

 

Q4. Who has been appointed as the 52nd Controller General of Defence Accounts?
• A) Rajendra Kumar Nayak
• B) Sushil Mathur
• C) Rakesh Munjal
• D) Sumit Joshi

 

Q5. Which country is set to abolish its controversial exit visa system for all foreign workers by the end of 2019?
• A) India
• B) Qatar
• C) Sri Lanka
• D) Myanmar

 

Answer these questions in the comments below. We encourage you to discuss your thoughts on the news and issues mentioned in today’s current affairs post. The idea is to promote healthy discussions on interesting issues to make preparation fun. Have a good day!

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