This Daily Current Affair Capsule for 30th January aims to be a time-saving tool for going through relevant news from national dailies and government releases on PIB.
National Important Current Affairs – 30 January 2018
■ The nation pays homage to Father of the Nation Mahatma Gandhi on his 70th death anniversary today. He was assassinated on this day in 1948. An inter-religious prayer has been organized on Raj Ghat on the occasion.
Mahatma Gandhi’s 70th death anniversary comes amid an escalation of individual hate crimes and organized violence of the kind unleashed by those opposed to the film ‘Padmaavat’. This flurry of hatred highlights the essence of why Gandhi had to be killed. He refused to make an ‘enemy’ of the opponent. Gandhi’s assassination still has a bearing not merely on Hindu-Muslim relations and Secularism vs. Hindutva but on the very nature of what it means to be Hindu in the 21st century.
■ The lunar eclipse which will involve the sighting of a Supermoon, Blood moon and Blue moon will be witnessed at 4.21 p.m at major areas in India on 31st January. The total eclipse will end at 7.31 p.m, but partial eclipse will continue till 8.41 p.m. The Penumbral Lunar eclipse will end by 9.38 p.m. This is happening after 150 years.
Blue Moon: When two full moons happen in the same calendar month (January 1, 2018 and January 31, 2018), the second full moon is called blue moon.
Super Moon: Super Moon happens when the moon’s closest approach to Earth (perigee) in a single orbit coincides with a full moon. A super moon is up to 14% bigger and 30% brighter.
Copper-Red Moon: This time, the super moon happens to be on the same day as the lunar eclipse. When a total lunar eclipse occurs, the moon looks orangish, copper coloured or reddish because of the scattering of sunlight in the earth’s atmosphere. Therefore, the moon is called Blood Moon or Copper Moon.
■ Communications Minister Manoj Sinha had unveiled a new khadi uniform in Khaki colour for the Department of Posts personnel, including postmen and multi-tasking staff. The National Institute of Fashion Technology (NIFT) had designed this new uniform. The new dress carries the logo of ‘India Post’ on the pocket and the cap, along with red stripes on shoulders and shoulder blade.
■ Aiming to eradicate malnutrition among children, Congress MP Jyotiraditya Scindia has introduced Child Nutrition and Development Nodal Agency Bill, 2017 in the Parliament. The bill has proposed setting up a nodal agency for child nutrition and development. The establishment of a nodal agency that would facilitate coordination of all ministries and departments and execute the schemes in a convergent manner would facilitate and supervise multi-sectoral programme in high, medium- and low-burdened districts with malnourished children.
■ Beating the Retreat ceremony was held on 29th January. The Beating Retreat ceremony officially denotes the end of Republic Day festivities. It is conducted on the third day after the Republic Day. Held at the majestic Vijay Chowk, the event included a tribute piece for late Marshal of Indian Air Force Arjan Singh.
- It is performed by the bands of the three wings of the military, the Indian Army, Indian Navy and Indian Air Force.
- ‘Beating the Retreat’ ceremony traces its origins to the early 1950s when Major Roberts of the Indian Army indigenously developed the unique ceremony of display by the massed bands.
‘Beating Retreat’ marks a centuries old military tradition, when the troops ceased fighting, sheathed their arms and withdrew from the battlefield and returned to the camps at sunset at the sounding of the Retreat.
■ Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology has announced an initiative by common services centres (CSCs) on women’s health and hygiene named ‘Stree Swabhiman’. The aim of Stree Swabhiman Initiative is to create a sustainable model for providing adolescent girls and women with an access to affordable sanitary products by leveraging Common Service Centres (CSCs).
About Stree Swabhiman:
‘Stree Swabhiman’ aims to create a sustainable model for providing adolescent girls and women an access to affordable sanitary products by leveraging CSCs. Under the ‘Stree Swabhiman’ project, sanitary napkin micro manufacturing units are being set up at CSCs across India, particularly those operated by women entrepreneurs.
■ Andhra Pradesh Chief Minister N. Chandrababu Naidu has appointed a ninth standard student, Ambula Vaishnavi, as the proposed state capital – Amaravati’s brand ambassador. Impressed with philanthropic activity towards her village schools, CM Naidu has decided to appoint her as Amaravati brand ambassador. The girl has adopted two government schools and is making efforts to develop them by spending Rs. 4 lakh so far on those schools. She has also donated Rs. 1 lakh for construction of Capital city Amaravati.
International Current Affairs Capsule – 30 January 2018
■ China is ready to hold talks with India to resolve differences over the 50 billion US Dollars China-Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC) that passes through Pakistan-occupied Kashmir. This comes days after India’s envoy in Beijing said the issue should not be swept under the carpet.
Objections by India to the CPEC is that it traverses through Pakistan-occupied Kashmir and has become a contentious issue in India-China relations.
■ China has decided to establish 3 international courts in Beijing, Shenzhen and Xi’an in order to deal with disputes related to its Belt and Road Initiative (BRI), a development strategy focused on road connectivity and maritime cooperation between Eurasian countries.
■ NASA has confirmed that a long-lost NASA satellite has been found alive. NASA has stumbled across radio transmissions from Imager for Magnetopause-to-Aurora Global Exploration (IMAGE) science satellite, which lost contact with mission control about 12 years ago in March 2000. NASA had launched the IMAGE satellite atop a Delta II rocket to keep an eye on the Earth’s magnetosphere and how it reacts to the solar winds.
■ The album ’24K Magic’ by singer Bruno Mars has won seven awards including Album Of The Year and Best R&B Album at the 60th Grammy Awards.
Economics Today’s Current Affair Capsule – 30 January 2018
■ The Economic Survey of India for the financial year 2017-18 was tabled in Parliament by Finance Minister Arun Jaitley. The survey has pegged India’s GDP growth at 7-7.5 percent in 2018 fiscal. Notably, this is the first economic survey after two big-ticket economic reforms–Goods and Services Tax, and demonetisation.
■ The Airports Authority of India has allocated nearly Rs 3,400 crore for the upgradation of airports in the North East region. The amount of 1,720 crore rupees has been allocated for Assam, 525 crore rupees for Tripura and 800 crore rupees for Manipur.
Sports Current Affairs – 30 January 2018
■ England all-rounder cricket player, Ben Stokes has become the most expensive buy of IPL 2018 auction after being bought by Rajasthan Royals for Rs 12.5 crore. Jaydev Unadkat was the most expensive Indian player at the auction (who has also been bought by Rajasthan Royals for Rs 11.5 crore).
■ Ingvar Kamprad, the Founder of Swedish furniture giant IKEA has passed away at 91 years of age. Kamprad was the world’s eighth-richest person with a net worth of $58.7 billion.
“Current Affairs Questions for UPSC IAS Prelims – 30 January 2018 “
Q1. The documentary ‘Kailash’ has won the US Documentary Grand Jury Award at Sundance Film Festival 2018. It is directed by whom?
Q2. Who has won the 2018 men’s Singles title in the Australian Open 2018?
- A) Marin Cilic
- B) Novak Djokovic
- C) Rafael Nadal
- D) Roger Federer
Q3. Which state’s tableau has won the best tableau award at the 69th Republic Day Parade 2018?
- A) Assam
- B) Maharashtra
- C) Karnataka
- D) Chhattisgarh
Q4. Dr. Gurcharan Singh Kalkat, the noted Indian agricultural scientist who has passed away hailed from which state? He was a former agriculture commissioner of India and Padam Shri and Padam Bhushan awardee known for his contribution during the Green Revolution era which led to a boom in the production of wheat and rice in the country.
- A) Uttar Pradesh
- B) Haryana
- C) Punjab
- D) Himachal Pradesh
Q5. The 2018 National Immunisation Day (NID) is celebrated on which date in India?
- A) January 29
- B) January 30
- C) January 28
- D) January 27
Answer these questions in the comments below. We encourage you to discuss your thoughts on the news and issues mentioned in today’s current affairs post. The idea is to promote healthy discussions on interesting issues to make preparation fun. Have a good day!