4 March 2017 Current Affairs : Dharamshala 2nd Capital, 4000 PG seats, Kurukh language, Indus Water Treaty

///4 March 2017 Current Affairs : Dharamshala 2nd Capital, 4000 PG seats, Kurukh language, Indus Water Treaty

This Daily Current Affair Capsule is a brief collection of important news from national dailies and government releases on PIB useful for UPSC IAS, CDS, SSC CGL, NDA, etc. It covers national, international, economic, sports news.


National Important Current Affairs – 4 March 2017

■  The Himachal Pradesh government has approved a proposal to make Dharamshala the 2nd Capital of the stateThe decision has come days before the presentation of the state budget which is scheduled to take place on March 10. A mini secretariat would come up in Dharamshala for housing the offices of ministers and senior officers.

■  The Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) has formally handed over weapon-locating radar Swati‘ to the Indian Army. Defence Minister Manohar Parrikar has its deployment will reduce artillery fire from across the border.

  • The weapon-locating radar, which can also guide fire from artillery guns, provides fast and accurate location of enemy artillery including mortars and rockets.

■  The central government has approved a record 4,000 Post Graduate medical seats in medical colleges and hospitals for the 2017-18 academic session. Now the total number of PG seats available across India to 35,117.

■  The Railways is going to start Aadhaar-based online ticketing system to prevent touts from blocking tickets in bulk and fraudulent bookings.

  • A ticketing app will also be launched to promote cashless transaction.
  • Railways will install 6,000 point-of-sale machines and 1,000 automatic ticket vending machines to promote cashless ticketing.

■  Language spoken by the Oraon tribal community Kurukh, an endangered tribal language of the Dravidian family, is set to get a new lease of life in West Bengal. West Bengal government’s has recognized the Kurukh language of the Oraon community who live in Dooars.

  • Kurukh a member of the North Dravidian subfamily of Dravidian languages.
  • It is spoken by some 1.8 million people of the Oraon tribes of the Chota Nagpur plateau of east-central India.
  • Closely related to Sauria Paharia and Kumarbhag Paharia, which are often together referred to as Malto.
  • The language is marked as being in a “vulnerable” state in UNESCO’s list of endangered languages.

■  Following pressure from citizens and green activists, the Karnataka government has abandoned the controversial Steel Flyover Project in Bengaluru, saving at least 800 trees from being cut. The National Green Tribunal had stayed the 6.9-km project which was estimated to cost Rs 1,761 crore.


International Current Affairs Capsule – 4 March 2017

■  The 3rd March is World Wildlife Day. All UN Member States celebrated and raise awareness of the world’s wild fauna and flora. In 2013, the United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) had decided to proclaim 3 March, the day of the adoption of the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES), as World Wildlife Day.

  • Theme of World Wildlife Day 2017 : “Listen to the young voices”.

■  India will be participating in the meeting of Permanent Indus Commission, which scheduled to be held in Lahore in March. This comes after Pakistan has forwarded the invitation to India to resolve the Indus Water Treaty. The move came after two months of diplomatic negotiations, with World Bank officials playing mediator in encouraging Pakistan to extend the invitation and for India to accept.

  • The Kishanganga Hydroelectric Plant is an $864 million dam, is located 5 km north of Bandipore in Jammu and Kashmir. It is a part of a run-of-the-river hydroelectric scheme that is designed to divert water from the Kishanganga River to a power plant in the Jhelum River basin.
  • The Ratle Hydroelectric Plant is a gravity dam and run-of-the-river hydroelectric power station currently under construction on the Chenab River, downstream of the village of Ratle in Doda district of Jammu and Kashmir.


The Indus Waters Treaty is a water-distribution treaty between India and Pakistan, brokered by the World Bank.

This treaty was signed in Karachi on September 19, 1960 by Prime Minister of India Jawaharlal Nehru and President of Pakistan Ayub Khan. It covers the water distribution and sharing rights of six rivers — Beas, Ravi, Sutlej, Indus, Chenab and Jhelum, the World Bank has a specified role in the process of resolution of differences and disputes.

  • Waters of the 3 western rivers (the Jhelum, the Chenab, and the Indus itself) were allocated to Pakistan
  • The 3 eastern rivers (the Ravi, the Beas, and the Sutlej) were allocated to India


■  The World Health Organisation (WHO) has published its first ever list of antibiotic-resistant `priority pathogens’ – which is a catalogue of 12 families of bacteria that pose the greatest threat to human health. Most of these superbugs are present in India. This list has been drawn up to promote research and development of new antibiotics.

■  The Scandinavian nation of Sweden has announced that it will reintroduce Compulsory Military Service for both Men and Women to respond to global security challenges including those from Russia.

  • Around 4,000 people born in and after 1999 will be chosen to undergo basic military training each year. The government wants a more stable staff supply system and to boost its military capability because the security situation has changed globally.
  • Note that : Sweden had ended compulsory military service in 2010 after finding it unsatisfactory for modern needs.
Sweden is the third-largest country in the European Union by area, with a total population of 10.0 million. It is situated in Northern Europe, Sweden lies west of the Baltic Sea and Gulf of Bothnia, providing a long coastline, and forms the eastern part of the Scandinavian Peninsula.

Sweden is not a NATO member but it has signed the body’s Partnership for Peace programme launched in 1994 to develop military cooperation between NATO and non-member countries.


Economics Today’s Current Affair Capsule – 4 March 2017

■  The I-T Department has warned that people who undertake Benami transactions will face rigorous imprisonment of up to 7 years besides being liable to pay fine of around 25% of the fair market value of Benami properties. Benami properties may be confiscated and this will be in addition to action under other laws like Income Tax Act.

  • Benami Transactions/properties –  Benami properties are properties bought by an individual, not under his or her name. This can include properties held in the name of a spouse or a child. Such transactions are called Benami transactions.


■  The GST Council will meet in New Delhi to finalise supplementary legislations during the second part of budget session of parliament, who will resume next week, so that the new regime can be rolled out from 1st of July. They will discuss central GST, state GST, integrated GST laws and finalise them.


■  Online travel company Yatra.com has signed an agreement with the Madhya Pradesh government to jointly promote homestays in the states, where travellers can book a room with a local family or the entire house. Yatra has recently also signed agreements with the Uttarakhand, Andhra Pradesh and Gujarat governments.


Sports News Current Affair Capsule – 4 March 2017

■  French football legend Raymond Kopa who won the European Cup 3 times with Real Madrid in the 1950s, died in Paris after a long illness. The French Football League announced that a minute’s silence would be observed before all weekend games in honour of the man who rose from a poor mining family in northern France to become one of Europe’s greatest players.


“Current Affairs Questions for UPSC IAS Prelims”

Q1. Who has been appointed as the new spokesperson of the Ministry of External Affairs (MEA)?

  1. Gopal Baglay
  2. Sudhir Kumar
  3. Vikas Swarup
  4. P Bashiah

Q2.India’s first Antyodaya Express has been launched by the Minister of Railways. The express will run between which stations?

  1. Ernakulam and Howrah
  2. Sriganganagar and Tiruchirapalli
  3. New Delhi and Kanyakumari
  4. Indore and Palakkad

Q3.Which state is set to become the first Indian state to have a public registry of sex offenders?

  1. Punjab
  2. Haryana
  3. Karnataka
  4. Kerala

Answer these questions in the comments below. This is our contribution towards making students more aware of what to study and what to ignore in daily news to be in touch with the important and relevant happenings of the World. Have a Good Day!

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    Answer of the Current Affairs Questions for UPSC IAS Prelims
    Q.1 – 1
    Q.2 – 1
    Q.3 – 4