“The supreme accomplishment is to blur the lines between work and play.”
– Arnold J. Toynbee
This post covers relevant news from national dailies and government releases for aspirants of examinations like UPSC IAS, CDS, SSC CGL, NDA, etc. It is highly useful for both, revision and awareness purposes.
National Important Current Affairs – 6 May 2019
- The Eastern Naval Command of the Indian Navy is undertaking a massive rescue and rehabilitation operation in the Odisha in the wake of Cyclone Fani. Indian Navy ships Ranvijay, Kadmatt and Airavat, with 3 helicopters are operating off Puri and also coordinating aerial survey and immediate response through their integral helicopters. The Indian Air Force (IAF), has also deputed three C-130J Super Hercules aircraft to Bhubaneshwar for Humanitarian Aid and Disaster Relief.
Note that: Flight operations resumed at Kolkata and Bhubaneswar airports.
- PepsiCo India has agreed to withdraw cases against the potato farmers in Gujarat following the assurances from the company of long-term and amicable resolution of all issues around seed protection.
The PepsiCo’s issue with potato farmers: The multinational company recently sued farmers in Gujarat for cultivating their proprietary FC5 variety of potatoes which are used to make their proprietary Lay’s chips. This FC5 variety of potato is designed to have less moisture and sugar content than others. Under the suit filed by PepsiCo, it was claimed by the company that it has exclusive rights over the said variety under the Protection of Plant Varieties and Farmers’ Rights (PPV&FR) Act,2001 and seeks damages worth Rs 1 crore.
- However, the farmers groups are citing Section 39 of the Protection of Plant Varieties and Farmers’ Rights (PPV&FR) Act,2001 which has specifically says that a farmer is allowed to grow and sell any variety of crop or even seed as long as they don’t sell the branded seed of registered varieties.
About the Protection of Plant Variety and Farmers Right Act,2001: It is an Act of the Parliament of India that was enacted to provide for the establishment of an effective system for the protection of plant varieties, the rights of farmers and plant breeders, and to encourage the development and cultivation of new varieties of plants. It is in conformity with International Union for the Protection of New Varieties of Plants (UPOV), 1978. The legislation recognizes the contributions of both commercial plant breeders and farmers in plant breeding activity and also provides to implement TRIPs in a way that supports the specific socio-economic interests of all the stakeholders including private, public sectors and research institutions, as well as resource-constrained farmers.
- The UN Office for Disaster Risk Reduction has commended India’s Meteorological Department for their “almost pinpoint accuracy” of warning about the Cyclone Fani that hit the Puri coast recently. The IMD’s precise early warnings enabled authorities to conduct a well-targeted evacuation plan and minimise loss of life greatly. India’s zero casualty approach to managing this extreme weather events is being seen as an exemplary contribution to the implementation of the Sendai Framework and the reduction of loss of life from such events.
All About the Sendai Framework: The Sendai Framework was adopted by UN Member States on 18 March 2015 at the Third UN World Conference on Disaster Risk Reduction in Sendai City, Miyagi Prefecture, Japan.
It is a 15-year, voluntary and non-binding agreement signed in 2015 that recognises national governments play the primary role in reducing disaster risk.
The Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction 2015-2030 (Sendai Framework) is the first major agreement of the post-2015 development agenda, with seven targets and four priorities for action.
It is the successor instrument to the Hyogo Framework for Action (HFA) 2005-2015.
The UNISDR (United Nations Office for Disaster Risk Reduction) is responsible for implementation, follow-up and review of the Sendai Framework.
International Current Affairs Capsule – 6 May 2019
- India and Australia held the 11th Meeting of Joint Working Group on Counter-Terrorism at Canberra. Both countries have agreed to further deepen counter-terrorism co-operation through regular exchange of information. The two sides also discussed contemporary counter terrorism challenges such as: financing of terrorism, the use of the internet for terror purposes, radicalization and Foreign Terrorist Fighters.
- Thailand has crowned its new King Maha Vajiralongkorn, marking the first ascension of a new monarch in seven decades as King Rama X of the Chakri dynasty of Thailand. The last coronation was held in 1950 for the king’s father Bhumibol Adulyadej. King Vajiralongkorn is the tenth monarch of the Chakri dynasty which has reigned since 1782.
Note that: Thailand has been run by an pro-royalist junta since 2014. The monarchy takes primacy in the country with many in the country being ardent followers of the royal family but it is also buttressed by the army.
- Two arrest journalists working for Reuters in Myanmar have been awarded the 2019 UNESCO/Guillermo Cano World Press Freedom Prize. The award for Wa Lone and Kyaw Soe Oo, who were detained for exposing the attacks against the Rohingya Muslims in Myanmar. Both were presented the award in-absentia in the East African country that is hosting the World Press Freedom Day events.
Note that: The World Press Freedom Prize is annually conferred by Director-General of UNESCO, on occasion of World Press Freedom Day observed on 3rd May.
Economics Today’s Current Affair Capsule – 6 May 2019
- The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) has imposed an around Rs 3-crore fine on Vodafone’s m-pesa and a Rs 1-crore fine each on Flipkart’s payment arm PhonePe alongside two Prepaid Payment Instrument (PPI) issuers over “non-compliance of regulatory guidelines”.
“Current Affairs Questions for UPSC IAS Prelims – 6 May 2019 “
Q1. Mohmand Dam, being seen in the news, is being constructed on which among the following rivers?
- A. Indus
- B. Swat
- C. Kabul
- D. Kunar
Q2. Which among the following nations decided to mark its retaliatory action on February 27 against the Indian air strikes on the Balakot terror camp as ‘Operation Swift Retort’?
- A. China
- B. Pakistan
- C. North Korea
- D. Maldives
Q3. The Central Government has notified the appointment of Justice Parappillil Ramakrishnan Nair Ramachandra Menon as the Chief Justice of the _ ?
- A. Delhi HC
- B. Chattisgarh HC
- C. Punjab & Haryana HC
- D. Allahabad HC
Q4. Who will be sworn in as the 36th Chief Justice of the High Court of Rajasthan?
- A. Ravindra Bhat
- B. Ranjana Sharma
- C. Pradeep Nandrajog
- D. Satish Verma
Q5. Indian Space Research Organisation will launch India’s second mission to the moon in _?
- A. June 2019
- B. July 2019
- C. August 2019
- D. October 2019
Answer these questions in the comments below. We encourage you to discuss your thoughts on the news and issues mentioned in today’s current affairs post. The idea is to promote healthy discussions on interesting issues to make preparation fun. Have a good day!