This Daily Current Affair Capsule is a brief collection of important news from national dailies and government releases on PIB useful for UPSC IAS, CDS, SSC CGL, NDA, etC) It covers national, international, economic, sports news.
National Important Current Affairs : 7 to 11 August 2017
■ National Handloom Day has been observed on August 7 across the country to honour the handloom weavers. August 7 has been declared as the National Handloom Day in 2015 to mark the Swadeshi movement of 1905.
Recall that: It was on August 7, 1905 that the formal proclamation of the Swadeshi Movement was made in a meeting at the Calcutta Town hall. This movement involved boycotting British products and the subsequent revival of domestic products and production processes.
■ The Prime Minister’s Office (PMO) has directed the Ministry of Finance to fund the losses incurred by the Indian Railways in operating non-profitable trains on strategic lines and backward areas. This directive ends a tussle which began after merger of the Railway and Union Budgets, as the Ministry of Finance had discontinued the practice of providing an annual subsidy to the Railways. These losses on operating strategic lines accounts for a small fraction of the estimated over Rs 34,000 crore borne by the Railways towards social service obligation.
■ The Centre is seeking “larger debate” over Article 35A of the Constitution, which empowers the Jammu and Kashmir legislature to define “permanent residents” of the state and provide special rights and privileges to them. It has triggered a political storm with several parties warning against any tinkering of the provision.
About Article 35A:
Article 35A is a provision in the Constitution empowers the Jammu and Kashmir legislature to define permanent residents of the state. It was added through the Constitution(Application to Jammu and Kashmir) Order, 1954, issued under Article 370. Note that : The Jammu and Kashmir Constitution was adopted on November 17, 1956.
■ The government has merged the National Crimes Records Bureau (NCRB) with the Bureau of Police Research and Development (BPR&D). The NCRB has been the principal source of reference by policy makers, police, criminologists, researchers and media – both in India and abroad.
NCRB’s functions will now be placed under the Director General of BPR&D, which will oversee all the data collection related to Crime in India, Accidental Deaths and Suicides, Prison Statistics and Fingerprints.
The NCRB was established in 1986 with a mandate to empower Indian police with information technology solutions and criminal intelligence to enable them to enforce the law effectively.
It also compiles data on crimes, prosecutions, traffic related prosecutions, and prisons, suicides etc and its annual report were extensively globally to present India’s crime figures. The primary crime collection bureau also has the database of all the fingerprints in India and also plays a role in capacity building for government’s ambitious project – Crime and Criminal Tracking Networks and Systems (CCTNS).
■ The Union Home Ministry has extended the Armed Forces (Special Powers) Act (AFSPA) in Assam for one more month, declaring the entire state of Assam as a “disturbed” area due to various violent activities by insurgent groups ULFA, NDFB, and others. It has also declared Meghalaya’s border areas adjoining Assam, and 3 districts in Arunachal Pradesh as “disturbed” under the AFSPA for two more months with effect from August 3.
About AFSPA :
AFSPA, enacted in 1958, gives powers to the army and state and central police forces to shoot to kill, search houses and destroy any property that is “likely” to be used by insurgents in areas declared as “disturbed” by the home ministry. This Act provides army personnel with safeguards against malicious, vindictive and frivolous prosecution.
Section (3) of the AFSPA empowers the governor of the state or Union territory to issue an official notification in The Gazette of India, following which the Centre has the authority to send in armed forces for civilian aid.
■ The Ministry of Drinking Water and Sanitation has launched a third party verification survey report to assess the progress already made by the Mission in rural India. It had also launched Swachh Survekshan Gramin 2017. Under the Swachh Survekshan Gramin 2017, QCI surveyed 1.4 lakh rural households across 4626 villages, and found the overall toilet coverage to be 62.45%.
■ In a major push to competitive, cooperative federalism, NITI Aayog has announced partnership with three States each to radically transform their Health and Education sectors. The NITI Aayog has selected Uttar Pradesh, Assam, and Karnataka to improve healthcare delivery and key outcomes in these States.
- In Education, Madhya Pradesh, Odisha, and Jharkhand have been selected for support to better learning outcomes.
■ 9th August has been observed in the country as the 75th anniversary of the Quit India movement.Prime Minister Modi termed the month of August as a month of revolution as almost all the important national movements were started in this month and India got independence in this month.
Note that: The iconic ‘Quit India’ slogan was coined by socialist Congress leader and then mayor of Bombay, Yusuf Meherally.
International Current Affairs Capsule : 7 – 11 August 2017
■ India has ratified the second commitment period of the Kyoto Protocol that commits countries to contain the emission of greenhouse gases, reaffirming its stand on climate action. With this, India became the 80th country to accept the amendment relating to the second commitment period of the Kyoto Protocol, the international emissions reduction treaty.
■ In order to encourage air transport and tourism to the country amid a 2-month boycott imposed by a Saudi-led Arab bloc, Qatar has announced to allow visa-free entry for citizens of 80 countries including India and US. This visa exemption scheme aims at greater economic independence for Qatar will make it the most open country in the region.
■ Nepal has criminalised an ancient practice known as ‘Chhaupadi’ that banishes women from homes during menstruation. Under this custom, women are barred from touching food, religious icons, cattle, and forced to sleep in huts away from home.
■ India and US will be co-hosting the Global Entrepreneurship Summit (GES) at Hyderabad from 28-30 November, 2017. The Summit will give opportunity for entrepreneurs and start ups to meet with global leaders. US President Donald Trump ‘s daughter Ms. Ivanka Trump will be present at Global Entrepreneurship Summit 2017-Hyderabad as the leader of the US delegation.
Economics Today’s Current Affair Capsule : 7 – 11 August 2017
■ The commerce ministry has started the process of shutting down over 100-year-old government procurement arm – Directorate General of Supplies and Disposals (DGS&D)- in this fiscal. Since last year, the public procurement of goods and services is being managed by the ministry’s e-market platform (GeM).
■ The 2030 Water Resources Group (2030WRG) has decided to help the Maharashtra Government to raise $270 million from the Green Climate Fund (GCF). This amount raised will be invested in state government’s integrated watershed programmes such as Jalyukt Shivar Yojana which has successfully augmented the ground water in drought affected areas of the state.
Sports Current Affairs : 7 – 11 August 2017
■ Rio Olympics silver medalist PV Sindhu has taken charge as a Deputy Collector in the Andhra Pradesh government. She will be on probation for two years, and execute a bond stating that she would serve the government for three years after the completion of training.
■ 18-year-old India’s junior para-athlete Rinku Hooda has won Silver medal in the Javelin throw F46 at the 1st World Para Athletics Junior Championships held in Switzerland.
■ BJP MP from Ajmer and former Union Minister Sanwar Lal Jat has passed away at age of 62 years. He had previously served as Minister of State for Water Resources in Narendra Modi’s government.
“Current Affairs Questions for UPSC IAS Prelims”
Q1. Where is the headquarters of the Bureau of Police Research and Development (BPRD) located?
- A) Nagpur
- B) New Delhi
- C) Mumbai
- D) Lucknow
Q2. Which state will become the India’s first state to implement coal utilisation between its power units?
- A) Gujarat
- B) Maharashtra
- C) Rajasthan
- D) Assam
Answer these questions in the comments below. We encourage you to discuss your thoughts on the news and issues mentioned in today’s current affairs post. The idea is to promote healthy discussions on interesting issues to make preparation fun. Have a good day!
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