Good people do not need laws to tell them to act responsibly, while bad people will find a way around the laws
This post covers relevant news from national dailies and government releases for aspirants of examinations like UPSC IAS, CDS, SSC CGL, NDA, etc. It is highly useful for both, revision and awareness purposes.
National Important Current Affairs – 7 April 2019
■ The Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) has said the Anti Satellite test was conducted for demonstrating India’s advancing technological capabilities in engaging space-based threats which involves complex mission planning and execution. Mission SHAKTI has placed India at the same level as the elite club of nations possessing the A-SAT capabilities.
The DRDO chief G. Satheesh Reddy also said after a test is conducted; the mission of this nature cannot be kept secret. The satellites are tracked by many stations across the whole world, all necessary permissions were taken before the test was conducted.
Note that: On 27th March the DRDO successfully conducted Anti Satellite test with a new interceptor missile against a live orbiting satellite in the Low Earth Orbit in a Hit to Kill mode. India’s ASAT test catapulted the country into an exclusive club of nations to acquire such a capability — the other countries being the US, Russia and China.
■ NITI Aayog & Rocky Mountain Institute (RMI) have released the Technical Analysis of FAME II Scheme. The report looked at the potential areas of energy saving, oil and carbon emissions.
- Faster Adoption and Manufacturing of Hybrid and Electric Vehicles (FAME) India comes under the National Electric Mobility Mission Plan.
- The main goal of FAME is to encourage electric vehicles by providing suitable subsidies.
- FAME focuses on 4 areas i.e. Demand Creation, Pilot Projects, Technology development, and Charging Infrastructure.
Effects of FAME II will go beyond the vehicles that are eligible under the FAME II. There are considerable energy and CO2 savings associated with the two, three, and four-wheeled vehicles and buses covered by FAME II over their lifetime, as well as the potential savings associated with greater adoption levels by 2030. The electric buses covered under FAME II will account for 3.8 billion vehicle kilometers traveled (e-vkt) over their whole lifetime.
Vehicles eligible under FAME II scheme can collectively save 5.4 million tonnes of oil equivalent over their lifetime, which is worth Rs 17.2 thousand crores. EVs sold through 2030 could collectively save 474 million tonnes of oil equivalent (Mtoe), which is worth Rs. 15 lakh crore and generate net CO2 savings of 846 million tonnes over their whole operational lifetime.
International Current Affairs Capsule – 7 April 2019
■ Thousands of Sudanese demonstrators chanting “One Army, One People” have marched in Khartoum, many of them reaching the army headquarters for the first time since the deadly protests against President Omar al-Bashir, which was erupted in December.
Note that: Protests in Sudan calling for the ouster of President Omar al-Bashir are now in their fifth month. After three decades of rule, there is no indication that Bashir will step down.
■ Foreign ministers from world’s seven most developed nations Group of Seven (G7) have called for a greater role for women in solving conflicts, saying that peace settlements with female involvement were more likely to endure.
The G7 ministers, at their meeting in the northern French resort of Dinard to prepare a summit meeting under French presidency in August, also called on greater mobilisation worldwide to prevent sexual and gender-based violence in conflict.
Note that: According to the UN Women’s agency, between 1990 and 2017, women constituted only 2 per cent of mediators, 8 per cent of negotiators, and 5 per cent of witnesses and signatories in all major peace process.
France has placed gender inequality at the heart of its presidency of the G7, though a plan to create a new mechanism to warn about sexual violence being used as a weapon during the war was not included in a final joint statement.
About G7 : Group of Seven (G-7) is a forum of the seven countries with the world’s largest developed economies—France, Germany, Italy, Japan, the United States the United Kingdom, and Canada—whose government leaders meet annually on international economic and monetary issues.
■ The UN Security Council has called the Libyan forces working under the command of Khalifa Haftar to stop their advancement on Libya’s capital Tripoli, warning the military move could jeopardize Libya’s stability.
- Haftar, the commander of the self-proclaimed Libyan National Army (LNA), has launched an offensive attack in a bid to take the capital, which is being held by an UN-backed unity government and an array of militias.
The council has called upon Libyan National Army to stop all military movements after a closed-door meeting. The appeal for Haftar to halt his offensive was unanimously backed by the council, including Russia, which has supported Haftar.
Note that: Concern over Libya’s stability is heightened by continuing political tensions around Europe over migration from north Africa, despite the fact that the numbers of new arrivals in Europe via the central Mediterranean have plummeted.
Economics Today’s Current Affair Capsule – 7 April 2019
■ The National Investment and Infrastructure Fund (NIIF) and global private infrastructure operator ROADIS have jointly set up a platform for investing up to $2 billion in road projects in India.
The platform will target 3 things, namely,
The TOT (Toll-Operator-Transfer model) : For the monetisation of publicly-funded highways, the TOT model was introduced by the government of India in 2016.
Acquisition of existing road concessions
prospective investment opportunities in the India’s road-sector, with the sole objective of creating large roads platform in the nation.
Note that: ROADIS is by far the largest European highway concession manager in India with 710 km of highways within its ownership and management. ROADIS presently manages 1,892 kilometres of highways which are divided among 10 concessions among the countries, namely, Mexico, Brazil, Spain, Portugal and India.
About NIIF: The National Investment and Infrastructure Fund, harboured by the Indian government, is a fund manager that invests in infrastructure and related sectors in India. NIIF presently manages capital invested through three funds, namely,
NIIF Master Fund, which majorly focuses on core infrastructure and operating assets
NIIF Fund of Funds, which focuses on investing in funds managed by third-party managers in infrastructure and associated sectors
NIIF Strategic Fund which focuses on an expanded investment strategy inclusive of debt platforms and green-field projects.
Sports Current Affairs – 7 April 2019
■ In table tennis, India’s young paddlers clinched seven gold, three silver and two bronze medals in the Ghana Junior & Cadet Open, an ITTF Junior circuit event.
- Ananya Chande and Diya Chitale, both from Maharashtra, proved to be stars, accounting for nine medals – seven gold, one silver, and one bronze.
- Mainak Nistala and Arnav Manoj Karnavar added to the medal’s tally, by combining to win two silver medals in the cadet boy’s doubles and the team bracket where they went down fighting to the Nigerian pair of Taiwo Mati and Jamiu Ayanwale.
■ All India Football Federation president Praful Patel became the first Indian to be elected as a member of the FIFA Executive Council. He was one of the eight candidates who contested for the spot in the election which was held during the 29th Asian Football Confederations Congress in Kuala Lumpur.
- Praful Patel will be the members of the council for four years, from 2019 to 2023.
“Current Affairs Questions for UPSC IAS Prelims – 7 April 2019 “
Q1. Kandhamal Haldi from which among the following states, has received the GI tag?
- A) Telangana
- B) MP
- C) Odisha
- D) Uttar Pradesh
Q2.Who has signed a pact with Indraprasth Gas Limited for setting up rooftop solar projects in the nation.
- A) GAIL
- B) Reliance Industries
- C) Tata Power
- D) L&T
Q3.Which of the following companies has acquired a majority stake in chatbot platform Haptik in a Rs 700-crore deal.
- A) Airtel
- B) Reliance Jio
- C) Vodafone
- D) Videocon
Q4. Under the COMCASA, India & ____ have set up the first ever secure communication link.
- A) France
- B) US
- C) Russia
- D) Israel
Q5.Which of the following places has been tagged as India’s first carbon-positive settlement.
- A) Phayeng
- B) Moirang
- C) Nongkrem
- D) Naharlagun
Answer these questions in the comments below. We encourage you to discuss your thoughts on the news and issues mentioned in today’s current affairs post. The idea is to promote healthy discussions on interesting issues to make preparation fun. Have a good day!