“Dignity consists not in possessing honours, but in the consciousness that we deserve them.”

― Aristotle.

This post covers relevant news from national dailies and government releases for aspirants of examinations like UPSC IAS, CDS, SSC CGL, NDA, etc. It is highly useful for both, revision and awareness purposes.

National Important Current Affairs – 08 July 2019

  • At the 43rd Session of the UNESCO World Heritage Committee which is underway from June 30 to July 10, 2019 in Baku, Azerbaijan, the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) has added the ‘Pink City’ Jaipur/Walled City of Jaipur of Rajasthan, known for its iconic architectural legacy, into the list of the World Heritage Sites. With Jaipur’s inclusion, the number of heritage sites across India on the UNESCO World Heritage list, increased to 38. The World Heritage Committee (WHC) acknowledged the “city’s outstanding value as a cultural property”.
    Note that: The historic walled city of Jaipur in Rajasthan was founded in 1727 AD (Anno Domini) under the patronage of Sawai Jai Singh II. It serves as the capital city of the culturally-rich state of Rajasthan. It was built according to a grid plan interpreted in the light of Vedic architecture.It shows an interchange of ancient Hindu, Mughal and contemporary Western ideas that resulted in the form of the city.

 

  • The Minister of State for Social Justice and Empowerment Rattan Lal Kataria has announced that there are over 10.38 crore senior citizens in India. Uttar Pradesh accounts for more than one crore 54 lakh followed by Maharashtra one crore 11 lakh. He also said the Ministry is implementing the Rashtriya Vayoshri Yojana since April 2017 for senior citizens belonging to BPL category, who are suffering from age-related disabilities.

 

  • The South Central Railway has commissioned the longest electrified tunnel of India. The tunnel which is between Cherlopalli and Rapuru stations is 6.6 km long, is built at a total cost of Rs 460 crore. The horse shoe shaped tunnel is of 6.5 metres height with ballast-less track and LED lighting provided at 10 metre intervals inside.

 

  • Revenue Secretary Ajay Bhushan Pandey has announced that the Aadhaar card can be quoted for cash transactions above Rs 50,000 where PAN was a must. Banks and other institutions will make back-end upgrades to allow acceptance of Aadhaar in all places where quoting PAN is mandatory.

 

  • Speaking at the ‘Sugar Conference 2020 in Pune, Union Minister Nitin Gadkari has said that surplus production of sugar is a “big problem” and has suggested to the sugar mills to focus on producing ethanol instead of sugar. He said currently sugar production in the country is surplus and there is no profitability in increasing the production of sugar.
    Note that: The Centre Government has come out with a transparent policy related to ethanol and the Petroleum Ministry is also ready to buy it.

 

  • India’s first Design Development Center ‘Fashionova’ was launched in the Textile city Surat. The centre will promote the city in the field of the fashion design sector. It will also fulfill the business needs from co-working space, technicians, expert advises to cognitive workshops and exposure to the industry.

 

 

International Current Affairs Capsule – 08 July 2019

  • The Henley Passport Index 2019 have ranked the Indian passport on the 86th position with a mobility score of 58. The score points out that Indian passport holders can access 58 countries around the world without a prior visa. Japan and Singapore holds the top spot with a score of 189.
    Note that: The index includes 199 passports and 227 travel destinations including micro-states and territories.

 

  • Iran has announced it will break a limit set on uranium enrichment, in breach of the landmark 2015 nuclear deal.
    The county’s Deputy Foreign Minister Abbas Araqchi said Iran still wanted to salvage the deal but blamed European countries for failing to live up to their own commitments.
    The Iranian announcement marks the latest breach of the accord.
    Note that: The US unilaterally withdrew from the agreement in 2018. It has since reimposed strict sanctions on Iran.

 

  • UNESCO’s World Heritage Committee has listed Iraq’s Babylon as a World Heritage Site. Babylon is developed as a walled city of mudbrick temples and towers, constituting the Tower of Babel, and the Ishtar Gate. The city was the centre of the ancient Babylonian empire more than 4,000 years ago.

 

  • The Hong Kong government has approved over $9 million for relief and rehabilitation work in cyclone-hit Odisha. The grants will benefit around 45,100 victims of “Fani cyclone” and will be used to provide hygiene kits, kitchen kits, water, education, household items and shelter kits.

 

Economics Today’s Current Affair Capsule – 08 July 2019

  • Pune-based cybersecurity firm Quick Heal Technologies has become the 1st Indian firm to be granted a US patent for an anti-ransomware technology. The artificial intelligence and machine learning-powered technology detects and blocks known and unknown ransomware on a real-time basis.

 

  • Economic Affairs Secretary SC Garg has announced that the government expects Rs 90,000 crore as dividend from the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) this fiscal.  The central bank transferred Rs 68,000 crore to the government including Rs 28,000 crore as interim dividend last fiscal.
    Note that: The Union Budget has pegged dividend or surplus from the RBI, nationalised banks and financial institutions in 2019-20 at Rs 1.06 lakh crore.

 

  • Punjab National Bank (PNB) has announced that it has detected a fraud of Rs 3,805.15 crore by Bhushan Power & Steel Ltd and has reported it to the Reserve Bank of India (RBI). The steelmaker misappropriated bank funds and manipulated books to raise funds from consortium lender banks.
    Note that: The disclosure comes as the lender is recovering from a Rs 14,000-crore fraud by diamontairt Nirav Modi.

 

  • The government has announced that it will sell sovereign bonds overseas for the 1st time to finance the fiscal deficit.
    Note that: This move was opposed by the Ex-RBI Governor C Rangarajan opposed saying India will have to bear the exchange-rate risk if it borrows in foreign currency.

 

Sports Current Affairs – 08 July 2019

  • Also known as the Dhing Express, Star Indian sprinter Hima Das won her second international gold in women’s 200m with a top finish at the Kutno Athletics Meet in Poland. Hima clocked 23.97 seconds to clinch the gold while VK Vismaya bagged the silver in 24.06 seconds. This is Hima’s second competitive 200m race of the year.
    Note that: She is the first Indian athlete to win a gold medal in a track event at the IAAF World U20 Championships.
  • Union Minister of State (Independent Charge) for Youth Affairs and Sports Kiren Rijiju has announced that central government is going to set-up 3 Sports Centre of Excellence in Itanagar very soon. The three centre of excellence will be for Martial Arts, Weight Lifting and Boxing.These centres will have a capacity of 300 sportspersons with residential facility. He said the government will also set up 12 to 15 football stadiums with Astro-turf football pitches across the state in the next three years.

 

  • India defeated Sri Lanka by 7 wickets at Leeds today to go top of the 2019 World Cup points table with 15 points from 9 matches. With the defeat, Sri Lanka ended their 2019 World Cup campaign at the 6th position with eight points from nine matches.
    Note that : India’s final position will be confirmed after the result of South Africa-Australia match.

 

  • Team India captain Virat Kohli has become the 3rd Indian batsman after Sachin Tendulkar and Sourav Ganguly to score 1,000 runs in World Cup history. Kohli achieved the feat after reaching the 5-run mark against Sri Lanka in the 2019 World Cup.

 

“Current Affairs Questions for UPSC IAS Prelims – 08 July 2019 “

Q1. In which city India’s first Design Development Center ‘Fashionova’ has been launched?

  • (A) Lucknow
  • (B) Mumbai
  • (C) Chennai
  • (D) Surat

Q2.Where is the first specialized ‘Aadhaar Seva Kendra’(ASK) opened by UIDAI?

  • (A) Hyderabad & Bangalore
  • (B) New Delhi & Vijayawada
  • (C) Gurugram & New Delhi
  • (D) Pune & Mumbai

Q3. IMF has approved a loan to Pakistan for economic support. What is the loan amount?

  • (A) USD 5 billion
  • (B) USD 6 billion
  • (C) USD 4 billion
  • (D) USD 2 billion

Q4. Who won the women’s 200 m gold at Poznan Athletics Grand Prix 2019?

  • (A) Dutee Chand
  • (B) Swapna Barman
  • (C) Hima Das
  • (D) Rani Rampal

Q5. Which state has topped the Agricultural Marketing and Farmer Friendly Reforms Index (AMFFRI)?

  • (A) Maharashtra
  • (B) Gujarat
  • (C) Madhya Pradesh
  • (D) Rajasthan

 

Answer these questions in the comments below. We encourage you to discuss your thoughts on the news and issues mentioned in today’s current affairs post. The idea is to promote healthy discussions on interesting issues to make preparation fun. Have a good day!

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