This Daily Current Affair Capsule goes through relevant news from national dailies and government releases on PIB from 8th to 10th April 2018. Aspirants for UPSC IAS, CDS, SSC CGL, NDA, etc. will find it highly useful to cover for revision and awareness purposes.
National Important Current Affairs – 9 and 10 April 2018
■ Vice President M. Venkaiah Naidu addressed the gathering after decorating CRPF officers and men with Gallantry Medals on the occasion of Valour Day (Shaurya Diwas). He said that CRPF is truly the strongest pillar of the country’s internal security apparatus. The sacrifices at Hot Springs, the Battle of Sardar Post in the Rann of Kutch, safeguarding the pillars of democracy in the Parliament attack, averting the attack of Ayodhya are the events which have no parallel in the history of Armed Police Forces.
The Central Reserve Police Force is the largest of India’s Central Armed Police Forces. It functions under the aegis of Ministry of Home Affairs of the Government of India. The Central Reserve Police Force came into existence as Crown Representative’s Police in 1939. Duties performed by the CRPF are:
- Crowd control
- Riot control
- Counter Millitancy / Insurgency operations.
- Dealing with Left Wing Extremism
- Overall co-ordination of large scale security arrangement specially with regard to elections in disturbed areas.
- Protection of VIPs and vital Central Govt. installations such as Airport, Powerhouses, Bridges, Doordarshan Kendras, All India Radio Stations.
- Checking environmental de-gradation and protection of local Flora and Fauna
- Fighting aggression during War time
- Participating in UN Peace Keeping Mission
- Rescue and Relief operations at the time of Natural Calamities.
■ Smt. M. Sathiyavathy has been appointed as Member, Union Public Service Commission (UPSC). She took the oath of office and secrecy, administered by the UPSC Chairman, Vinay Mittal. Sathiyavathy is an Officer of the 1982 batch of the Indian Administrative Service of AGMUT Cadre.
■ In order to use technology for farmers’ benefit, the Tamil Nadu Chief Minister K Palaniswami has launched a mobile application named ‘Uzhavan’ (farmer) app that will allow ryots to have access to nine types of services. It can be used by farmers to get information on farm subsidies, book farm equipment and related infrastructure and get details on their crop insurance, besides receiving weather forecast for the subsequent four days.
Palaniswami also launched the ‘Amma Bio-Fertiliser’ scheme, named after late Chief Minister J Jayalalithaa, aimed at better management of nature farming, and help boost and maintain soil fertility.
■ The Uttar Pradesh Chief Minister Yogi Adityanath has launched Ganga Hariteema Yojana (also known as Ganga Greenery scheme) in 27 districts of the state located on the bank of river Ganga. The scheme was launched at Allahabad on the bank of Sangam the confluence of rivers of Ganga, Yamuna and mythical Saraswati. The scheme is aimed at enhancing green cover in the catchment areas of the river Ganga and to control the land erosion.
- Plantation of trees will be carried out in 1 Km areas from the banks of river under the scheme.
- People will be encouraged for plantation on their private lands under ‘One Person One Tree’ slogan.
- Department of Forest has been nominated as nodal department for the scheme.
■ The University of Hyderabad has announced that it’s professor of linguistics has discovered two languages which were not documented till now. They are,
Walmiki Language: This language is spoken in Koraput district of Odisha and on bordering districts of Andhra Pradesh.
Malhar Language: This language is spoken in a remote and isolated hamlet about 165 km away from Bhubaneswar, Odisha.
■ Bollywood actor Anushka Sharma will be honoured with the 2018 Dadasaheb Phalke Excellence Award for her being a producer of successful movies. This award is given by an organisation called Dadasaheb Phalke Foundation, a Mumbai-based organisation. Actor Ranveer Singh will also get the 2018 Dadasaheb Phalke Excellence Award as Best Actor for his portrayal of the merciless Alauddin Khilji in the movie ‘Padmaavat’, which is his first ever 300 crore blockbuster.
■ The Union government has banned imports of hormone oxytocin to stop its misuse in the livestock industry, where it causes hormonal imbalances and shortens the lives of milch animals. Oxytocin laced milk is harmful for human consumption as well.
International Current Affairs Capsule – 9 and 10 April 2018
■ The Prime Minister of Nepal K P Sharma Oli along with his wife Radhika Shakya and a 54-member delegation is on a 3-day visit to India. PM Narendra Modi held a delegation-level meeting with the visitors at New Delhi. They jointly also launched Motihari To Amlekhganj India-Nepal Petroleum Product Pipeline Project.
■ Japan has officially activated its 1st amphibious combat Marine unit since World War II in order to counter invaders occupying the country’s islands along the East China Sea. Since 2010, Japan’s relations with China have deteriorated, as China has pushed its claims to what it calls the Diaoyu Islands—and what Japan calls the Senkaku Islands—in the East China Sea. This comes after China, which claims the group of islands, announced $175 billion for defence in its budget for 2018.
Note that: In the aftermath of World War II, as Japan had renounced war as an instrument of national policy, military forces such as marines were prohibited as offensive weapons of war.
■ The UK has opened a naval base in Bahrain which will host around 300 British troops and support personnel. This is United Kingdom’s first permanent military base in the Middle East in nearly 50 years.
■ The joint military exercise “Desert Tiger 5” was recently held between United Arab Emirates (UAE) and Malaysia in Dubai, UAE to raise the level of performance and combat efficiency and working together between both countries based on the strategy to improve the overall ability and combat readiness of ground forces.
■ President Ram Nath Kovind, accompanied by First Lady Savita Kovind, has embarked on a 3-nation State visit to the African countries of Equatorial Guinea, Swaziland and Zambia from April 7 to 12. President Kovind’s visit to Zambia is taking place after 29 years.
Note that: The President’s visit to Equatorial Guinea and Swaziland will be the 1st-ever visit by any head of state of India.
Economics Today’s Current Affair Capsule – 9 and 10 April 2018
■ The Union Government and the Government of Maharashtra have signed US $420 million loan agreement with World Bank for Project for Climate Resilient Agriculture to help small and marginal farmers in the Marathwada and Vidarbha regions of Maharashtra. This loan will be providebyom World Bank’s International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (IBRD) with a maturity of 24 years and grace period of 6 years.
■ The first meeting of NITI Forum for North East– a unit of NITI Aayog has taken place in Agartala, Tripura. The meeting was on agenda of Infrastructure and Connectivity and inaugurated by Minister of Development of North East Region (DoNER) Dr Jitendra Singh and Vice Chairman of NITI Aayog Dr Rajiv Kumar.
About the NITI Forum:
It was constituted in February 2018 to explore and formulate the framework for sustainable growth of the Northeast. There will be main five missions on which NITI Forum will focus. These include Agriculture, Tourism, Bamboo use and ‘Made in North East’. The secretariat for the Forum has been established in the DoNER Ministry. The Forum includes representation from all NE States, their Chief Secretaries and Secretaries of relevant Central Ministries or Departments, Directors of reputed institutions like IIT and IIM, experts and journalists have been included as members.
■ The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) has switched back to Gross Domestic Product (GDP) model from the Gross Value Added (GVA) methodology to provide its estimate of economic activity in the country, citing global best practices.
This switch to GDP is mainly to conform to international standards and global best practices.
Note that: The Government had started analysing economic growth estimates using GVA methodology from January 2015 and had also changed the base year to 2018 from this January. Even the Central Statistical Office (CSO) has started using GDP as the main measure of economic activities since January 15 this year
About GDP vs GVA: While GVA gives a picture of the state of economic activity from the producers’ side or supply side, the GDP model gives the picture from the consumers’ side or demand perspective.
GDP : GDP or gross domestic product is a measure of economic activity in a country. It is the total value of a country’s annual output of goods and services.
■ The Central Board of Direct Taxes (CBDT) has constituted Five member committee under Chairmanship of Pragya Sahay Saksena to examine Taxation aspects related to High Net Worth Individuals (HNWIs) who are migrating abroad to other jurisdictions.
■ Santosh Kumar Mohanty has been appointed a whole-time member of market regulator Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI) for a period of three years. He was serving as Director in the erstwhile commodity market regulator Forward Markets Commission.
Sports Current Affairs – 9 and 10 April 2018
■ India’s mixed badminton team, comprising of Kidambi Srikanth and Saina Nehwal has created history by winning its first-ever gold after defeating defending champions Malaysia 3-1 in the final event at 21st Commonwealth Games at Gold Cost, Australia.
■ Munin Barua, the National award winning Assamese film-maker, has passed away in Guwahati, Assam at the age of 72 years. He is popularly known as Bhaimon da. He was the recipient of National Film Award for Best Feature Film in Assamese in 2005 for his film ‘Dinabandhoo’.
“Current Affairs Questions for UPSC IAS Prelims – 9 and 10 April 2018 “
Q1. Which state is hosting the 8th Regional 3R Forum in Asia and Pacific?
A) Uttar Pradesh
C) Madhya Pradesh
D) Tamil Nadu
Q2. The Maharashtra government has tied up with which philanthropic organisation to finance tribal women’s poultry company?
A) Tata Trusts
C) Shiv Nadar Foundation
Q3. Which state has become the first Indian state to adopt a Standard Operating Procedure (SOP) for determining brain death cases?
Q4. What is the theme of the 2018 World Health Day (WHD)?
A) Ageing and Health
B) Good health adds life to years
C) Universal health coverage: everyone, everywhere
D) Move for health
Q5. Which Indian armed force is carrying out combat training exercise “Gaganshakti 2018”?
A) Indian Army
B) Indian Navy
C) Indian Air Force
D) Indian Coast Guard
Answer these questions in the comments below. We encourage you to discuss your thoughts on the news and issues mentioned in today’s current affairs post. The idea is to promote healthy discussions on interesting issues to make preparation fun. Have a good day!