“It is dangerous to be right, when the government is wrong.”
― Voltaire .

This post covers relevant news from national dailies and government releases for aspirants of examinations like UPSC IAS, CDS, SSC CGL, NDA, etc. It is highly useful for both, revision and awareness purposes.

National Important Current Affairs – 9 April 2019

  • According to a new survey conducted by the Research Institute for Compassionate Economics, 85% of the Ujjwala beneficiaries in rural Bihar, Madhya Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh and Rajasthan still use solid fuels for cooking.

Key Point Includes:
1. Cooking with Solid fuels can lead to infant deaths and harm child development, heart and lung disease among adults.
2. Out of 85% of the surveyed households, 53% exclusively used the chulha, while 32% used both.

Note that: Pradhan Mantri Ujjwala Yojana was launched in 2016 and is a scheme of the Ministry of Petroleum & Natural Gas. The scheme provides free LPG connections to economically weaker families.

 

  • Ahead of the Lok Sabha elections, the Supreme Court has directed the Election Commission of India to increase  the Voter Verified Paper Audit Trail (VVPAT) verification from 1 EVM per constituency to 5 randomly selected EVMs.

The court said this practice will ensure the “greatest degree of accuracy, satisfaction” in the election process. The EC has agreed to implement the SC directions with immediate effect.

 

  • The National Green Tribunal (NGT) has formed a committee to look into the alleged erosion of Yamuna floodplain due to the movement of heavy vehicles in Haryana’s Sonipat district. The committee comprises the principal secretary of the Haryana Irrigation and Water Resources Department, member secretary of the Haryana State Pollution Control Board and the director of the Mines and Geology Department.
  • President Ram Nath Kovind has called for a nuanced approach to ensure that higher education not only fulfils individual aspirations but also achieves national goals and priorities. The President said that the ranking system fosters a spirit of healthy competition between institutions.

Indian Institute of Technology Madras topped the rankings while the Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore bagged the second rank followed by IIT Delhi. Out of ten top institutes, seven are IITs. Jawaharlal Nehru University got the seventh rank and Banaras Hindu University bagged the tenth spot.

Delhi University’s Miranda House was ranked the best among colleges across the country, while the varsity’s St Stephen’s College was ranked fourth. AIIMS has been ranked first among medical sciences institutes and National Law School, Bangalore has topped law colleges. 

 

  • A UK High Court has denied fugitive businessman Vijay Mallya permission to appeal against his extradition order. He had filed the application after a Westminster Magistrates’ Court ordered his extradition to India. UK Home Secretary Sajid Javid had also ordered his extradition to India after the court’s order. 

Note that: Mallya has to face alleged fraud and money laundering charges amounting to 9,000 crore rupees. Mallya has been based mostly in the United Kingdom since March 2016 and remains on bail on an extradition warrant executed by New Scotland Yard in April 2017.

 

  • The sixth edition of the joint military training exercise between the Indian Army and the Sri Lankan Army, Exercise Mitra Shakti has concluded in Sri Lanka. The two-week long training came to an end with a grand smart and scintillating joint parade by the two continents. Both the contingents jointly planned and executed a series of tactical operations based on scenarios that are likely to be encountered in the rural & urban environment.

Subject experts from both the contingents also held in depth discussions on various facets of counter insurgency and counter terrorist operations.

After being started in 2013, exercise Mitra Shakti is in continuation for a series of joint exercises which are conducted annually as part of military diplomacy to enhance cooperation between the armies of India & Sri Lanka.

 

  • The 75th anniversary of the Battle of Kohima was recently observed by the Nagaland government with representatives from the UK and Japan. The 4th of April marked the 75th anniversary of the Battle of Kohima fought between the Allied Forces and the Japanese Army on the Naga Hills in 1944.
    The Theme of the event was: ‘Remembrance, Reconciliation and Rebirth’.
  • The 75th Anniversary of the “Battle of Imphal” was commemorated and four War veterans of the state who are living legends were felicitated on the occasion. It may be mentioned that the Battle of Imphal, was fought in between March 8 to July 3 1944, has been referred to as one of the bloodiest battles in World War II. It was the decisive battle which blunted the Japanese offensive into India. It was also the turning point of the Burma campaign, part of the South East Asian Theatre of the Second World War.

Note that: The Battle of Imphal along with the Battle of Kohima was also voted as Britain’s greatest battles by the British National Army Museum.

 

International Current Affairs Capsule – 9 April 2019

  • US President Donald Trump has announced that US Homeland Security Secretary Kirstjen Nielsen is stepping down. Nielsen’s departure comes over a year after she was confirmed to take over the post from John Kelly after he became the president’s chief of staff. Nielsen’s department was responsible for implementing the proposed border wall and the separation of migrant families.

 

  • Israel’s Central Elections Committee has rejected the claim by hackers that they had broken into the database of Israeli voters, ahead of Parliamentary elections. Hackers claimed they had stolen information on millions of Israelis after breaking into the voter registry.

Nearly 5.88 million eligible voters are set to elect a party that will lead the next Israeli government. Political parties must pass an electoral threshold of 3.25 percent to gain a Parliament seat. To stand a far better probability of passing this threshold, several parties form coalitions. Sixty-nine year old incumbent Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu, leader of the right-wing Likud party, is seeking a fifth term in office.

 

Economics Today’s Current Affair Capsule – 9 April 2019

  • The World Bank has notified that India’s GDP growth boosted by continued investment strengthening, especially private-improved export performance and consumption, is expected to accelerate reasonably to 7.5 per cent 2019-20 (fiscal year). The Key Points Include:

    1. The real GDP growth is estimated at 7.2 per cent in FY18/19. According to the latest World Bank’s report, data for the first 3 quarters show that growth has been broad-based.

    2. Industrial growth sped up to 7.9 per cent which means the services growth will decelerate. Agriculture growth remains at 4%.

    3. The primary growth enhancer is the domestic consumption whereas gross fixed capital formation and exports contributed to growth.

The consolidated fiscal deficit is also expected to decline (to 6.2 and 6.0 percent of GDP in FY19/20 and FY20/21 respectively)

 

Sports Current Affairs – 9 April 2019

  • The Indian women’s hockey team drew 4-4 against hosts Malaysia in the third game of the five-match bilateral series in Kuala Lumpur. 

For India, Navneet Kaur scored two goals while Navjot Kaur and Lalremsiami scored one each. 

 

“Current Affairs Questions for UPSC IAS Prelims – 9 April 2019 “

Q1. Which of the following bodies are headed by the Prime Minister of India?

  1. Department of Atomic Energy

  2. National Security Advisory Board (NSAB

  3. Department of Space

  1. National Security Council(NSC)

  2. Cabinet Committee on Security(CCS)

Select the correct code:

  • A) 1, 2, 3, 5
  • B) 1, 3, 5
  • C) 1, 3, 4, 5
  • D) 1, 2, 3, 4, 5

Q2. Who has become the 1st Indian to be elected as member of FIFA Executive Council? 

  • A) Bhaichung Bhutia
  • B) Subrata Pal
  • C) Anirudh Thapa
  • D) Praful Patel

Q3. Promotion of Digital Transactions including Digital Payments, is the responsibility of

  • A) RBI
  • B) Ministry of Finance
  • C) National Payments Corporation of India (NPCI)
  • D) Ministry of Electronics & Information Technology (MeitY)

Q4. Project-75 India, sometimes seen in news, is associated with which Indian armed force?

  • A) Indian Air Force
  • B) Indian Army
  • C) Indian Navy
  • D) Indian Coast Guard

Q5. Who has been elected as the new President of the World Bank? 

  • A) David Malpass
  • B) Christopher Kilby
  • C) Christine Lagarde
  • D) Mauricio Macri

Answer these questions in the comments below. We encourage you to discuss your thoughts on the news and issues mentioned in today’s current affairs post. The idea is to promote healthy discussions on interesting issues to make preparation fun. Have a good day!

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