All about Bharat Ratna Awards –

The Bharat Ratna Award are India’s highest civilian honour. This awards was instituted in 1954 to give recognition to exceptional service, or performance of the highest order in any field of human endeavour.

    • The recommendations for awarding the Bharat Ratna are made by the Prime Minister to the President of India.
    • Any person is eligible for this award without any distinction of race, occupation, position or sex.
    • The number of Bharat Ratna awards is restricted to a maximum of three, for a particular year.
    • It should be noted here that it’s not mandatory to award Bharat Ratna every year.
    • The Bharat Ratna Awardee, on conferment, receives a Sanad (certificate) signed by the President of India and a medallion. The medallion has its base shape of sacred peepal leaf, it is rimmed in platinum.List of Bharat ratna recipients
    • The Bharat Ratna award does not carries any monetary grant.
    • Rules & Regulations: This award cannot be used as a ‘prefix or suffix’ to the recipient’s name. However, a recipient of the award can state the folloeing with his name:
      • Awarded Bharat Ratna by the President’ or
      • Recipient of Bharat Ratna Award’.
    • The first Indian to receive Bharat Ratna Award was the famous scientist, Chandrasekhara Venkata Raman in 1954. He is also a Nobel prize winner.

<< Read about Indian Nobel prize Winners here >>

    • First three recipients of Bharat Ratna: In 1954, three remarkable Indians were awarded Bharat Ratna – C Rajgopalachari, S. Radhakrishnan and C.V.Raman.
    • First posthumous Bharat Ratna: Lal Bahadur Shastri was the first Bharat Ratna recipient to be honoured posthumously in 1966.
    • First Naturalised Citizen Bharat Ratna: Mother Teresa was the first naturalized Indian citizen to receive Bharat Ratna Award in 1980.
    • Non-Indian Bharat Ratna Awardees: Two non Indians have been awarded India’s highest civilian honour. Khan Abdul Gaffar Khan was awarded in 1987 and Nelson Mandela in 1990.

Latest Bharat Ratna Award:

  • Bharat Ratna 2019: On the eve of the 70th Republic Day, former President Pranab Mukherjee, Bharatiya Jana Sangh leader Nanaji Deshmukh (posthumously) and singer Bhupen Hazarika (posthumously) are conferred the country’s highest civilian award Bharat Ratna in 2019.
  • In 2015, Educationist Madan Mohan Malviya (posthumously) and former Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee are awarded the 44th and 45th Bharat Ratna Award respectively.

The List of all Bharat Ratna Winners –

 S.No.Name of Recipient
Awarded      in
Field of Work 
 1Shri Chakravarti     Rajagopalachari1954 Independence activist. Last Governor – General of India.
 2Dr. Sarvapali Radhakrishnan1954Philosopher, India’s 1st Vice President (1952 – 1962), and India’s 2nd President (1962 – 1967)
 3Dr. Chandrasekhara Venkata Raman1954 Physicist, known for discovery of the Raman Effect on light
 4Dr. Bhagwan Das1955 Kashi Vidya Peeth Founder, Author, Independence activist.
 5Dr. Mokshagundam Visvesvaraya1955  Civil engineer, Diwan of Mysore.
 6Pt. Jawaharlal Nehru1955 Independence activist, Author, 1st Prime Minister of India, (advised the president to award himself)
 7Pt. Govind Ballabh Pant1957Independence activist, Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh, Home Minister
 8Dr. Dhondo Keshave Karve1958social reformer, Educationist
 9Dr. Bidhan Chandra Roy1961a Physician, Chief Minister of West Bengal
 10Shri Purushottam Das Tandon1961Independence activist, Educationist.
 11Dr. Rajendra Prasad1962Independence activist, Jurist, 1st President of India
 12Dr. Zakir Hussain1963Independence activist, Scholar, 3rd President of India
 13Dr. Pandurang Vaman Kane1963Indologist, Sanskrit scholar
 14Shri Lal Bahadur Shastri (Posthumous)1966Independence activist, 2nd Prime Minister of India,                  (First posthumous award)
 15Smt. Indira Gandhi19713rd Prime Minister of India
 16Shri Varahagiri Venkata Giri1975 Trade unionist, 4th President
 17Shri Kumaraswami Kamraj (Posthumous)1976Independence activist, Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu.
 18Mother Teresa1980Founder of Missionaries, Social activist                                            (first naturalised citizen to be awarded)
 19Shri Acharya Vinobha Bhave (Posthumous)1983Independence activist and a Social reformer
 20Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan1987Independence activist, (First non-citizen)
 21Shri Marudu Gopalan Ramachandran (Posthumous)1988Film actor, Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu.
 22Dr. Bhim Rao Ramji Ambedkar (Posthumous)1990Chief architect of Indian Constitution, Social Reformer, Crusader against Untouchablity, Economist, Dalit Icon, Historian, scholar, and politician
 23Dr. Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela1990Leader of Anti  – Apartheid movement (2nd non – citizen and non – Indian recipient)
 24Shri Rajiv Gandhi (Posthumous)19916th Prime Minister of India
 25Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel (Posthumous)1991Independence activist, 1st Home Minister
 26Shri Morarji Ranchhodji Desai1991Independence activist, 4th Prime Minister
 27Maulana Abul Kalam Azad (Posthumous)1992 Independence activist, 1st Minister of Education
 28Shri Jehangir Ratanji Dadabhai Tata1992Philanthropist and an Industrialist
 29Shri Satyajit Ray1992Filmmaker
 30Shri Gulzarilal Nanda1997 Independence activist, Interim Prime Minister
 31Smt. Aruna Asaf Ali (Posthumous)1997Independence activist
 32Dr. A.P.J. Abdul Kalam1997Aeronautical Engineer and 11th President of India
 33Smt. Madurai Sanmukhavadivu Subbulakshmi1998Carnatic classical singer
 34Shri Chidambaram Subramniam1998 Independence activist, Minister of Agriculture
 35Loknayak Jayaprakash Narayan (Posthumous)1999Independence activist, Politician
 36Professor Amartya Sen1999Economist, Nobel Laureate
 37Lokpriya Gopinath Bordoloi (Posthumous)1999Independence activist, Chief Minister of Assam
 38Pandit Ravi Shankar1999Sitar player
 39Sushri Lata Dinanath Mangeshkar2001Playback singer
 40Ustad Bismillah Khan2001Hindustani classical Shehnai player
 41Pandit Bhimsen Gururaj Joshi2009Hindustani classical Singer
42Sachin Tendulkar2014 Sports Person, Cricketer (Youngest Bharat Ratna Awardee)
43Chintamani Nagesa Ramachandra Rao2014Chemist, for his works in solid-state and structural chemistry
44Madan Mohan Malaviya2015Educationist(founder of Banaras Hindu University), Independence activist, known as “Mahamana”
45Atal Bihari Vajpayee201511th Prime Minister of India
46Nanaji Deshmukh2019Social Activist, and he established India’s first Saraswati Sishu Mandir at Gorakhpur in 1950. He had also participated in the Bhoodan Movement launched by Acharya Vinoba Bhave.
47Dr. Bhupen Hazarika2019Music maestro, the Bard of Brahmaputra, He popularised India’s musical traditions globally. He made compositions in multiple languages including Bengali, Hindi, Oriya besides Assamese.
48Pranab Mukherjee2019Former President and statesman. He was India’s youngest finance minister in 1982 at the age of 47. First occupant of the Rashtrapati Bhavan to have the distinction to have headed three crucial ministries – External Affairs, Defence and Finance.

This is the latest updated list of Bharat Ratna award winners. We will update this as and when new updates arrive.

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