Nuclear energy is the fourth largest source of electricity in the country after thermal, hydro and renewable sources. The electricity demand in India has increased rapidly, nearly doubled between 1990 and 2011. There is an acute demand for a reliable power supply source. India has five power/electricity grids – Northern, Noerth-eastern, Eastern, Western and Southern. For a growing country like India, as much investment in grid system as in power plants is necessary.

Currently, India has twenty-one nuclear power plants/ reactors with total capacity of 5,780 MW. India now has total capacity to build completely indigenous PHWR (Pressurized Heavy Water Reactors).

The following table gives the details of these nuclear power plants in India along with their host state.

Power stationStateTypeUnitsTotal capacity (MW)
KaigaKarnatakaPHWR(Pressurised Heavy Water Reactor)220 x 4880
KakraparGujaratPHWR(Pressurised Heavy Water Reactor)220 x 2440
MadrasTamil NaduPHWR(Pressurised Heavy Water Reactor)220 x 2440
NaroraUttar PradeshPHWR(Pressurised Heavy Water Reactor)220 x 2440
RawatbhataRajasthanPHWR(Pressurised Heavy Water Reactor)100 x 1
200 x 1
220 x 4
1180
TarapurMaharashtraBWR(Boiling Water Reactor)
PHWR(Pressurised Heavy Water Reactor)
160 x 2
540 x 2
1440
KudankulamTamil NaduVVER-10001000 x 11000
Total215780

nuclear power plants in india

Nuclear Power Plants in India under Construction:

 Project NameCapacity (MW)Expected operation begins
Kudankulam Atomic Power Project1 x 1000Unit 2 – June 2015
Rajasthan Atomic Power Project2 x 700Unit 7 – Jun-2016
Unit 8 – Dec-2016
Kakrapar Atomic Power Project2 x 700Unit 3 – Jun-2015
Unit 4 – Dec-2015
Madras Atomic Power Project1 x 470March 2015

There are few planned projects in final stages of approval:

Power stationOperatorStateTypeUnitsTotal capacity (Net MW)
GorakhpurNPCILHaryanaPHWR630 x 42,800
ChutkaNPCILMadhya PradeshPHWR630 x 21,260
Mahi BanswaraNPCILRajasthanPHWR630 x 21,260
KaigaNPCILKarnatakaPHWR630 x 21,260
MadrasNPCILTamil NaduFBR(Fast breeder reactor)470 x 2940
KudankulamTamil NaduVVER-1000917 x 21834
JaitapurMaharashtraEPR1650 x 69900
KovvadaAndhra PradeshESBWR1594 x 69564
Mithi Virdi (Viradi)GujaratAP10001100 x 66600
Total3334498

The first stage programs are undertaken by the Nuclear Power Corporation of India Ltd(NPCIL), while second stage programs are under Bharatiya Nabhikiya Vidyut Nigam Ltd. (Bhavini) for Fast Breeder Reactor.

The Atomic energy from the Nuclear Power Plants is being utilized in following manner by different states.

Nuclear Power UnitsElectricity Supplied to States
Tarapur Atomic Power Station 1&2, Tarapur, MaharashtraMaharashtra and Gujarat.
Rajasthan Atomic Power Station 1&2, Rawatbhatta, RajasthanRajasthan
Madras Atomic Power Station 1&2, Kalpakkam, Tamil NaduKarnataka, Tamil Nadu, Kerala, Andhra Pradesh, Pondicherry.
Narora Atomic Power Station 1&2 Narora, Uttar Pradesh, Rajasthan,J &K, Delhi, Punjab, Haryana, Chandigarh, Himachal Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh
Kakrapar Atomic Power Station 1&2, Kakarapar,Gujarat, Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh, Goa, Daman & Diu, Gujarat.

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We have given this list of Nuclear Power Plants in India for benefit of aspirants of different exams like NDA, CDS, IAS, etc. Especially the exams conducted by UPSC often have questions about location of different Nuclear plants. This short compilation would help in revision of such details which is missed in regular preparation. Please mention any additions in the comments section below.

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